 Be able to predict the
thermodynamic favorability of a chemical reaction.


 Distinguish between: (a)
elementary and overall reactions; (b) homogeneous and heterogeneous
reactions.


 Use
Pauling’s Rules to predict ion coordination.


 Be
able to calculate various parameters related to phyllosilicate clay
minerals (net
negative charge, CEC, molecular weight, and clay activity) and predict
the
mineralogy in the sample.


 Understand
the relationship of clay mineralogy to potassium (K^{+})
fixation and
water sorption.


 Know
different surface area methods and relate to clay mineral structure.


 Differentiate between soil
organic matter (SOM) fractions and be aware of diagnostic humification
indicators.


 Discuss major functional groups
on SOM that contribute to the observed CEC as a function of pH.


 Calculate ionic strength (I) for
both symmetrical and nonsymmetrical electrolytes.


 Be able to perform pH calculations for weak
acids/bases and strong acids/bases (of the monoprotic type).


 Understand
the relationship between ion activities and concentrations.


 Given
equilibrium expressions for common metal oxides and clay minerals in
soils,
derive equations necessary to plot solubility diagrams and be
prepared to make
interpretations.


 Given
equilibrium expressions for complexation and hydrolysis of metals and
nonmetals, be able to perform calculations of free and complexed
species.


 Know
the purpose for each reagent used in the soil fractionation procedure
and diagnostic
features for identification of soil minerals.


 Know
the definitions of Lewis acids and bases and how these terms are
applied to
soil components.


 Understand
the procedures and calculations involved to calculate CEC of your soil
in the
lab.


 Be
prepared for basic analytical calculations employed in the lab.


 Distinguish
between different adsorption isotherm and ion exchange equations. Be able to calculate thermodynamic parameters
related to sorption.


 Know
definitions of PZNC, PZNPC, PZC, PZSE and methods of determination.


 What
are the effects of I on the thickness of the double layer (1/k)? Know
those parameters which influence 1/k.


 Understand
the chemistry of soil components such as reactive sites, surface charge
components of solid particle surfaces, and solution chemistry of
inorganic
solutes to predict reactivity.


 Be
able to explain the ion preference patterns for group I alkali metals.


 Predict
sorption mechanisms for cations and anions on soil mineral surfaces.


 Distinguish
between heterovalent and homovalent ion exchange.


 Be
prepared to derive and calculate halflives (t_{1/2}) for first
and
second order reactions and rate constants.
Also, write expressions for the overall rate given a
reaction. Be familiar with the equation
used to express
the temperature dependence of rates.


 Given
reduction halfreactions, be able to construct and sketch E_{h}/pe versus pH
diagrams, and predict the direction
of the reaction.


 Understand
the general controls on the redox state of natural waters.


 Be
acquainted with the soil N, Mn, Fe, and C cycles and how they can
impact
contaminant fate.

