Department of Entomology
University of Kentucky
|University of Kentucky, B.S., Zoology, 1968 |
||Virginia Tech, M.S., Entomology, 1975
Virginia Tech, Ph.D., Entomology, 1977
Department of Entomology
S-225 Agricultural Science Center North
University of Kentucky
Lexington, KY 40546-0091
- Provide extension personnel, farmers, agribusiness, and industry clientele with complete,
comprehensible educational programs including control recommendations, decision guidelines
and information relating to field identification, biology and management alternatives for
arthropods associated with alfalfa, tobacco, livestock, and biological control of nodding thistle.
Much of this information is made available through the
Kentucky Pest News.
- Coordinate and conduct
Pesticide Applicator Training programs for private and commercial applicators. This includes development of educational meetings, and training manuals, and aids
for initial and continuing certification programs.
- Participate in and contribute to Kentucky's Multi-Disciplinary, Multi-Crop Pest Management
Program by providing training materials, conducting on-the-job training for field scouts and
to interpret information collected by the program. Activities in this area also contribute to
the Certified Crop Advisor program in Kentucky.
- Conduct demonstrations and applied research trials that provide both quantitative and
qualitative information regarding pest management techniques as appropriate.
- Insect Indentification Service- This includes making identifications, recommendations, and
maintaining the computer data base of identification data which is used in program planning.
Approximately 1,000 specimens are processed each year.
Selected Extension Publications
- CRP Land and Soil Insect Pests In Factors to consider when bringing conservation
reserve program (CRP) land or idle land back into production. ID-124
- A comprehensive guide to wheat management in Kentucky. Co-wrote the wheat insect section
and contributed to the BYD virus section of plant pathology. ID-125
- Entfact 015 Allegheny mound ants in Kentucky
- Entfact 117 Wheat streak mosaic virus and the wheat curl mite - with D. Johnson and D. Hershman
- Entfact 119 Clover root curculio
- Entfact 122 Soil insect pests and returning idle land to production - with R. Bessin and D. Johnson
- Entfact 123 Predicting insect development using degree day models - with D. Johnson and R. Bessin
- Entfact 127 Alfalfa weevil field sampling program
- Entfact 437 Borers that attack landscape pines - with L. Rieske-Kinney
- Entfact 506 How far can house flies fly?
- Entfact 507 Lesser mealworms or litter beetles
- Entfact 508 Walk through fly trap for pastured cattle
- Entfact 638 Protecting home-cured meats from insects and mites
- ENT 11 Insect control on beef cattle (revised annually)
- ENT 12 Insect control on lactating dairy cattle (revised annually)
- ENT 15 Insecticide recommendations for tobacco beds and fields (revised annually)
- ENT 17 Insecticide recommendations for alfalfa, clover, and pastures (revised annually)
- ENT 22 Insect control on sheep and goats (revised annually)
- ENT 23 Insect control on swine (revised annually)
- ENT 28 Insect control on poultry (revised annually)
Applied Research Program
- Applied field research provides the basis for most of my extension programs. Major emphasis is
placed upon tobacco because of its value to the Commonwealth and the lack of applicable research
information from other states. For the last several years, work has focused upon the tobacco aphid,
an insect that can cause serious yield losses in any field in the state. A 2-year grant from the Council for Burley Tobacco has supported a graduate student to
evaluate the cultural practice of double-barning along with preventive and rescue approaches
to tobacco aphid control. Effects of the aphid control strategy on yield, quality, and
beneficial species were included. The Council grant has allowed a much more in-depth
approach to aphid management than otherwise would have been possible. The tobacco budworm is a
chronic pest in some parts of Kentucky. The ability to work with artificial field infestations
of this insect in field plots has provided information on budworm management options.
- The thistle weevil program continues to function mainly due to efforts by the CAPS summer
survey program. There is a much clearer picture of the
distribution of the thistlehead weevil. A cooperative program in 1997 with the Military
Affairs office of the Kentucky National Guard has resulted in establishment of populations at
the West Kentucky Training facility. Personnel there are incorporating the weevil into their
management program. Peabody Coal and the Ky Division of Wildlife Management worked in 1997-98
to spread the weevil on strip mine reclamation areas in Muhlenberg and Ohio counties.
- A pheromone trapping program was initiated in 1999 to invetigate the sawfly complex that attacks Christmas
tree plantings in Kentucky.
Recent Refereed Journal Articles
- Melcher, H. and L. Townsend. 1999. Diapause induction in a Kentucky population of
Diprion similis (Hartig) (Hymenoptera:Diprionidae). J. Entomol. Sci. 34:328-334.
- Shanklin, D. R., D. W. Johnson, and L. H. Townsend. 1998. Survey of parasitoids of the European corn
borer (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in southwestern Kentucky. J. Entomol Sci. 33:256-260.
- Townsend, L. 1997. Human myiasis in Kentucky caused by Cuterebra sp.
(Diptera:Oestridae) Trans. Ky Acad. Sci. 58:35.
- Townsend, L. and R. Bessin. 1996. Evaluation of insecticides for control of artificial
field infestations of black cutworm (Agrotis ipsilon Hufnagel) on burley tobacco.
Tobacco Science 40:111-16.
- Yu, Z. G. L. Nordin, G. C. Brown, D. M. Jackson, and L. H. Townsend. 1995. Studies on
Pandora neoaphidis (Entomophthorlaes: Entomopthoraceae) infections to the red morph
of the tobacco aphid Myzus nicotianae (Homoptera: Aphidae) Envir. Ent. 24:962-66.