Ways to open and direct discussions include leading questions, controversial issues, personal experiences of the members, role playing, slides or films and listing facts or statistics. See that the atmosphere allows for reasonable freedom of expression, but set up self-imposed discipline. Demonstrations or illustrated talks are useful learning experiences, especially for the person making the presentation.
Besides learning the subject matter thoroughly enough to make the presentation, the demonstrator develops poise, confidence and practice in public speaking. A demonstration shows and tells how to do something. It necessarily involves using props and other visual aids. An illustrated talk, such as "What Is an Insect?" does not show how to do something, but uses visual aids to help communi- cate the verbalized concepts. How to prepare and give a demonstration is covered in other 4-H literature such as: Speak Up (4KA-O1PO), Would You Like to Do a 4-H Project Demonstration? (4KA-02PA) and Posters (4KB-O1PA)
Questions for Leading Discussions, Quizzes or Independent Investigation
Suggestions for Demonstrations and Illustrated Talks
Field Trips or Collecting Tours
Experiments and Studies for Members in Advanced Units
Games and Contests