Integrated Pest Management
UK Wheat Science
Wheat Variety Performance Tests – Pest Management Benefits
Who Cares: Wheat producers, consultants, agri-dealers, Extension agents buyers / processors.
What had been Done: The University of Kentucky Small Grain Variety Performance Testing Program annually evaluates varieties of wheat and barley that are or may soon be available to farmers. Nine tests are conducted at eight locations throughout Kentucky to determine varietal differences in yield potential, grain quality, disease resistance, and physiological characteristics. Tests typically consist of 80 varieties planted in replicated (4) plots. Disease ratings are published in the annual bulletin which is available on the internet at -http://www.uky.edu/ag/WheatVarietyTest, and distributed to at least 4000 farmers, extension agents and agricultural workers.
Impact: Selecting a variety with good disease resistance can eliminate the need for fungicide applications, which is good for both the environment and farming profitability. Additionally, preventing unnecessary pesticide applications results in lower residues in grain sold for human consumption. In the 2005 variety performance bulletin, there were several high yielding varieties with good resistance to the prominent diseases rated.
Also, because research tests across the state require regular visitation, the specialist responsible acts as a statewide scout. Early detection of insect and disease pressure, particularly on susceptible varieties, provides state extension specialists with information needed for pest management planning.
For more information on this project contact:
Ms. Dottie Call
University of Kentucky Research and Education Center
P.O. Box 469
Princeton, KY 42445-0469
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