state and federal law, the University has made a commitment to maximizing accessibility for all users. Through consultation among University Legal Counsel, the Office of Institutional Equity and Equal Opportunity and Public Relations UK has committed that all Web sites be compliant with Federal Section
508 regulations and state accessibility law.
Units are encouraged, where resources permit, to ensure that all Web
pages are compliant with these laws.
For Federal regulations,
"compliance with state law " is currently understood to be meeting
Section 508 Standards and
Web Content Accessibility Guideline 2.0 developed by the W3C (World Wide Web Consortium).
Here are the
primary review elements of Section 508:
*Text Equivalent - All non-text items (e.g., photos, images, logos, banners) must contain text relaying a comparable
meaning of information.
Multimedia presentation - Alternatives (e.g.,
captioning) must be synchronized with the presentation. *Color - Any information conveyed by color must also be conveyed by some
Organization - The basic document must be readable without the application
of style sheets
Client-side image maps - Client-side maps should be used for all maps with
definable geometric shapes (ex.,
www.mc.uky.edu/keri/districts.html). *Data Tables - Row and Column headers must be defined (ex.,
www.uky.edu/PR/News/DeansList/Spring09/international.htm). Multi-logic row or column headers - Markup must be used for complex tables
with multiple layers of information such as expense reports.
Frames - Must be titled and organized so that users may disassociate and
link between them as needed.
Flicker - The "flicker" of pages must be outside proscribed ranges (greater than 4 Hz and lower than 59 Hz - explanation at
www.w3.org/WAI/wcag-curric/sam60-0.htm). Text-only equivalent pages - When other methods do not work, text-only pages
must be employed.
Scripting Language - Output from scripting languages must be a text form
assistive technology. Applets and plug-ins - Must come with links to download the appropriate
technology (pdf's, flash, etc.).
Forms to be Filled-out Online - Must be designed for use by all users (i.e., consider
implications of "pop-up" instructions).
*Content Tracking - Method shall be employed which allows users to skip repetitive
Timed Response - When response times are set users must be given a method
to indicate more time is required.
*Based on experience, these are the most common accessibility errors found
on UK Web sites:
Images lacking alternate text (“alt tags”)
Improperly constructed data tables (calendars, contact lists, schedules,
reports over time, etc.) (see
www.w3.org/TR/html401/struct/tables.html). Absence of “Skip Navigation” which allows a user with a text reader the option to skip over navigation when
first entering a page and move directly
to the main content of the page. (
Invisible - <a href="#main"><img src="/Graphics/shim.gif" alt="Skip main navigation and go to main body of page." width="1" height="1" border="0"></a>, Visible - <a href="#main">Skip nav<img src="/Graphics/Skipnav.gif" alt="Skip to main content (for screen readers and PDAs)" border="0"></a> then at the very beginning of the content <a name="main" id="main"></a>) (see www.uky.edu/PR/News/Archives/) Use of color alone to convey information or use of hard to read color
Use of link phrases that do not make sense out of context (e.g., “click
Absence of DOCTYPE statements at the beginning of the HTML (
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN"
"http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd">) (additional resource - A Minimal HTML Document). Failure to use list tags for lists, principally navigation menus which
are almost always lists (see
www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/struct/lists.html). Failure to use <LABEL> tags in forms (see
President Todd's speech requests form and examples in SitePoint newsletter article).
Many of the above can easily be checked by using Accessible Information Solutions (AIS) team of Vision Australia's Web Accessibility Toolbar
OK, enough about policies,
on to Site Reviews...
This site was last updated on
June 21, 2011
. Please direct questions and comments regarding this page to UK Public Relations.
An Equal Opportunity University