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Glossary of Terms

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | L | M | P | R | S | T | U | W |

 

ABAP

refers to Advanced Business Application Programming, SAP’s fourth generation programming language.
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BAPI

stands for Business Application Programming Interface.
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Basis

is the middleware that manages client/server functions across R/3.
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Best Practices

is a term used to identify a set of standard practices or procedures that have been proven to be highly effective in similar situations.
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Business Owners

are the individuals responsible for overseeing a function or service.
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Business Process

refers to a group or series of activities by which inputs are turned to outputs that provide a benefit.
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Business Warehouse

refers to a repository of management summary level data created from transactions in SAP.
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BW

the acronym for Business Warehouse.
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Client

is an individual SAP system, accessible to a group of users, set up to perform a defined role such as testing, development, training, or production.
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CM (see SLCM)

refers to the Campus Management Application in SAP R/3. Campus management included prior to version 6.0 student recruitment, admissions, registration, academic history, accounts management, financial aid, and other student services. Now it is known as SLCM (Student Life Cycle Management).
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CO

is the Controlling Application in SAP R/3.
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Deliverable

is something that can be provided as the product of development, an expected result. A deliverable may involve software or hardware.
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Developer

is a programmer working in the SAP environment to produce reports, interfaces, enhancements, and conversions.
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DRP

stands for Disaster Recovery Planning. The primary objective is to enable an organization to survive a disaster and then to reestablish normal business operations. In order to survive, the organization must assure that critical operations can resume normal processing within a reasonable time frame.
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EAG

the acronym for Enterprise Applications Group, the unit responsible for the SAP system and other enterprise applications.
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End-users

are individuals who use SAP to carry out their duties and responsibilities.
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Enterprise

is the entirety of an organization that uses computers.
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Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) System

is a software system that permits organizations to manage resources across the enterprise and enables the integration of various functions.
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FI

stands for the Financial Application in SAP R/3.
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GL Account

GL Account identifies categories of expense, revenue, assets, liabilities, and fund balances. It is a required data element for each transaction.
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GM

acronym for Grants Management.
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GUI

stands for Graphical User Interface and refers to the display of software on a screen using graphics, symbols, and icons rather than text alone.
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HR

is the Human Resources application in SAP R/3.
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Infotype

is a set of data grouped together according to subject matter.
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Infrastructure

is the underlying foundation of communications network, hardware, software and databases that run the SAP software.
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Integration testing

is testing of all units or components of a software product to ensure they work together properly.
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Interfaces

are program connections between disparate databases.
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IRIS

is the acronym for Integrated Resource Information Systems, UK’s enterprise resource planning system effort.
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Legacy System

is a system that was used for a long time. At UK, for example, SIS, FRS, and HRS are all legacy systems from the 1980s.
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Master Data

are created centrally and available to all applications and all authorized users.
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MM

is the Materials Management application in SAP R/3.
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PM

is the Plant Maintenance application in SAP R/3.
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Portal

refers to a website that provides a gateway or single port of entry to other sites.
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Power user

is an individual whose primary job responsibilities require ongoing use of SAP.
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Project

is a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product or service.
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R/3

is the term that refers to the SAP application providing real-time access to information using a three-tier system architecture. The three components of this architecture are the information database, the transaction application server, and the user desktop.
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Real Time

refers to immediate access to data by multiple users throughout an organization.
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Risk

is any event that could prevent the project realizing the expectations of the stakeholders as stated in the project charter. A risk that becomes a reality is treated as an issue.
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Roles

describe a set of activities for employees. Roles focus on an individual’s tasks and responsibilities in an enterprise and answer the question, “How do I complete the work for which I am responsible?”
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Sandbox

is a term used to identify a client that has been built for development, testing, and/or training.
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SAP

stands for Systems Applications Products. This German-based company produced the ERP software that UK uses for its core administration systems.
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SAP Netweaver

is the technical foundation for SAP solutions. Netweaver is a comprehensive integration and application platform built to work with existing information technology infrastructures.
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Scalability

refers to the ability of a computer application or product (hardware or software) to continue to function well when it (or its context) is changed in size or volume in order to meet a user need. Scalability may also refer to the ability to not only function well in the rescaled situation, but also to actually take full advantage of it.
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Self-service

is an electronic, on-line system that puts employees and students in control of managing certain kinds of personal information (such as address changes or employee benefits selections).
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Unit Testing

is the testing of unit in isolation from all components called from other programs or modules.
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Workflow

is a sequence of steps processed either by people or by a system. Workflow in SAP is a driven electronic process of notifications and approvals based upon defined criteria and appropriate role authorizations.
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