Contact: Brandon Nuttall
2004 AAPG Annual Meeting and Exposition April 18-21, 2004
Nuttall1, Brandon C. (presenter), email@example.com, Drahovzal1, James A., firstname.lastname@example.org, Eble1, Cortland F., email@example.com, Bustin2, R. Marc, firstname.lastname@example.org
1Kentucky Geological Survey, 228 Mining and Mineral Resources Building, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506-0107, Phone: 859-257-5500, Fax: 859-257-1147
2Department of Earth and Ocean Sciences, University of British Columbia, 6339 Stores Road, Vancouver, BC Canada V6T 1Z4, Phone: 604-822-2449, Fax: 604-822-6088
Injecting CO2 into organic-rich shales is an untested carbon sequestration strategy. Devonian black shales underlie approximately two-thirds of Kentucky. These shales are the source and trap for large quantities of natural gas. Most of this natural gas is adsorbed on clay and kerogen surfaces, analogous to methane storage in coal beds. In coals, it has been demonstrated that CO2 is preferentially adsorbed, displacing methane. Black shales may similarly desorb methane in the presence of CO2.
Current research is investigating the black, organic-rich Devonian shales as a potentially significant geologic sink for CO2. Drill cuttings from the Kentucky Geological Survey Well Sample and Core Library are being sampled. CO2 adsorption isotherms are being collected to determine the gas-storage potential of the shale and to identify optimum shale facies. Sidewall core samples have been acquired to investigate specific black-shale facies, their potential CO2 uptake, and the resulting displacement of methane. Advanced logging techniques (ECS) are being investigated for possible correlations between adsorption capacity and geophysical log measurements.
Observed average random vitrinite reflectance (R0random) data range from 0.78 to 1.59, the upper oil to wet gas and condensate hydrocarbon maturity range. Total organic content determined from acid washed samples ranges from 0.69 to 4.62 percent. CO2 adsorption capacity at 400 psi range from a low of 19 standard cubic feet per ton of shale (scf/ton) in the less organic-rich zones to more than 86 scf/ton in the Lower Huron Member of the shale.
Initial estimates based on these data indicate a sequestration capacity of 5.3 billion tons CO2 in the Lower Huron Member of the Ohio shale of eastern Kentucky and as much as 28 billion tons total in the deeper and thicker portions of the Devonian shales in Kentucky. Should the black shales of Kentucky prove to be a viable geologic sink for CO2, their extensive occurrence in Paleozoic basins across North America would make them an attractive regional target for economic CO2 storage and enhanced natural gas production.