Contact: Dave Harris
2003 Annual Meeting of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, May 13, 2003, Salt Lake City, UtahHarris, D.C.1; Drahovzal, J.A.1; Wilcox, C.A.2; Woolery, E.W.2; Reid, W.F.2; Smith, L.T., New York State Museum. Albany, NY; Mroz, T.H., National Energy Technology Laboratory, U.S. Dept. of Energy, Morgantown, WV; Beardsley, R.W., Triana Energy, Charleston, WV 1Kentucky Geological Survey, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 2Department of Geological Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY
Keywords: Trenton Limestone, dolomite, dolostone, Black River, natural gas, reservoir, Lexington Limestone, Ordovician
Discrete dolostone bodies occur within outcrops of Upper and Middle Ordovician limestones in central Kentucky. These dolostone bodies are spatially related to the Kentucky River Fault Zone, and the Jeptha Knob cryptoexplosive structure. They have been interpreted as products of hydrothermal fluids that moved along fault and fracture conduits. The dolostone bodies are analogs to subsurface tectonic dolostone gas reservoirs in the equivalent Trenton and Black River Groups in New York. Research has involved interpretation of the timing, structural control, and origin of dolostones. Outcrop data from Kentucky will be linked to cores, logs, cuttings, and production data from active Trenton-Black River fields in New York.
Petrographic work has established a paragenetic sequence, and geochemical work in progress on the dolostones includes trace element, stable isotope, and fluid inclusion analyses. Two of the larger dolostone bodies will be cored to allow vertical trends in dolomite geochemistry to be documented.
High-resolution seismic reflection data and ground penetrating radar (GPR) profiles have been used to image the 3-dimensional geometry of the dolostone bodies. In addition to traditional P-wave imaging techniques, S-wave energy (SH mode) has been used. Experience has indicated that although S-waves commonly have frequencies only one-half to one-third that of P-waves, the P-waves have velocities 5 to 10 times higher than S-waves. Consequently, we estimate that resolution can be improved by a factor of 2 to 3 through the use of S-waves. This is a very important attribute when considering subtle structural detail (i.e., 1 to 3 m).
Published in: 2003 Am. Assoc. of Petroleum Geologists Annual Meeting, Salt Lake City, Program with Abstracts, v. 12, p. A71.
A poster presentation to accompany this abstract is available in Adobe Acrobat (PDF) format. The
poster is three 72 inch x 35 inch panels and the file size is 17 megabytes.
Trenton-Black River Outcrop Analogs poster