Fleming county was formed in 1798. It is located in the Outer Bluegrass region of the state. The elevation in the county ranges from 590 to 1420 feet above sea level. In 2010 the county population was 14,348 in a land area of 348.54 square miles, an average of 41.2 people per square mile.
The county seat is Flemingsburg.
Three of Kentucky's thirteen remaining covered bridges are in Fleming county.