Lincoln county was formed in 1780. It is located in the Southern Knobs region of the state. The elevation in the county ranges from 760 to 1440 feet above sea level. In 2010 the county population was 24,742 in a land area of 334.10 square miles, an average of 74.1 people per square mile.
The county seat is Stanford.
Lincoln was one of the original counties in the Kentucky territory of Virginia.