aim of the Central States Center is to design and
carry out research to improve interventions for drug
abusers involved in the criminal justice system in
order to reduce recidivism, drug abuse and crime.
Ky. (Nov. 5, 2002) -- The University of Kentucky Center on Drug and
Alcohol Research (CDAR) has been awarded a five-year
grant to establish a center to focus on improving
the transitions of drug abusers from prison to community
and to community treatment.
The grant, funded by the National Institute on Drug
Abuse (NIDA), a division of the National Institutes
of Health (NIH), establishes the Central States Criminal
Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Research Systems (CJ-DATS)
Center in Lexington as one of seven centers in the
The overall aim of the Central States Center is to
design and carry out research to improve interventions
for drug abusers involved in the criminal justice
system in order to reduce recidivism, drug abuse and
The Central States Center builds on previous and
ongoing research in Lexington, which began in 1935
when the first facility to treat heroin users in the
United States was established. The center will add
to that tradition with capacity to plan, research
and implement studies, collect and analyze data, and
develop clinical publications.
The grant also involves two initial multi-site trials,
across six other sites in Connecticut, Rhode Island,
Delaware, New York, Texas and California. The first
trial will examine an enhanced employment intervention
focused on getting a job, keeping a job, and getting
a better job, which was developed by UK. The second
trial will evaluate a case management intervention,
which incorporates a criminal thinking errors approach.
Carl Leukefeld, director, CDAR, is the principal investigator of the grant.
The Central States Center studies will add information
to better understand the relationship of drugs and
crime, particularly among individuals who live in
rural areas like Kentucky.
The center will also add to information about understanding
the criminal justice system, which has numerous offenders
who are drug abusers.
Few approaches have been developed that focus on
criminal justice involved drug abusers as they transition
from prison to community treatment, particularly those
from rural areas.
Such approaches are needed because it is estimated
that 500,000 U.S. prisoners will return to the community
each year for the next several years, and 83 percent
of those returning are believed to be drug abusers.