'TRANSITIONAL ENGLISH FOR EVERYONE: TRANSLATORS' WORKING TEXT FOR ALL LANGUAGES'


'Lesson Six'

'CONTENTS'

'REVIEW of the preceding lessons':

'SUBJECT--THING(S)' 'ACTION' 'OBJECT--THING(S)'
'adjective/noun' 'verb/adverb' 'adjective/noun'
['singular/plural'] ['one adds -li'] ['same as the subject']
--/--s --/--li ['one adds -s for the plural']
--ed ['past']
wil-- ['future']
wud-- ['conditional']
Strong mën kérïed ïzûli big bëgi¥.
' ' ' ' ' .'

'To form the plural of nouns, one adds -s to its singular form; to form an adverb one adds -li to the adjective; to form the past tense, one adds -ed to the infinitive; to form the future tense one prefixes wil- to the verb; for the conditional the prefix placed before the infinitive is wud-.'

Strong mëns kérïed [llevó] ïzûli big bëgû¥es.
Strong mëns wil-këri [llevarán] ïzûli big bëgû¥es.
Strong mëns wud-këri [llevarían] ïzûli big bëgû¥es.

'In questions, the voice rises at the end of the sentence; in its written form a question is indicated simply by placing a question mark [?] at the end of the sentence.'

'AFFIRMATION': Strong mën kérïed ïzûli big bëgi¥. 'Question': Strong mën kérïed ïzûli big bëgi¥? ' ?'

'The Donkey digraph 'ts' represents the sound for the letter c in such English words as: glance, dance, fence, sentence. Hence these words are written in Transitional English as follows: glënts, dënts, fents, séntûnts. It is important to remember that in Transitional English, except for the additional digraphs ch, sh, zh, one letter has only one phonetic value.'

'PREPOSITIONS': 'These are words Tower Bridge, London, England that show a relationship between two different words: píkchr an wöl (picture on wall) ' '; pleyt an téybl (plate on table) ' '; kárpût ándr téybl (carpet under table) ' '; kófi with krïm ënd shúgr (coffee with cream and sugar) ' .'

'These twenty-sesven (27) prepositions, reduced from 54 in normal English, must be memorized in order to be recognized. They are unavoidable in the language and should be learned in the order in which they appear below.'

aráwnd (around)' ', ët (at) ' ', biför (before) ' ', biháynd (behind) ' ', bisáyd (beside) ' ', bisáyds (besides) ' ', bitwïn (between) ' ', bat (but) ' ', bay (by) ' ', dawn (down) ' ', dyúring (during) ' ', for (for) ' ', from (from) ' ', in (in) ' ', av (of) ' ', of (off) ' ', an (on) ' ', awt (out) ' ', óvr (over) ' ', layk (like) ' ', thru (through) ' ', tu (to) ' ', sints (since) ' ', ándr (under) ' ', antíl (until) ' ', ap (up) ' ', with (with) ' '.

'EXERCISES WITH PREPOSITIONS: Study the picture and the prepositions [in italics] in the following exercises.'


VOKÉBYULERI (VOCABULARY) 'EQUIVALENT IN YOUR LANGUAGE (1)'

ántrey (entree), n. ' '
bowl (bowl), n. ' '
chër (chair), n. ' '
ëftr (after), prep. ' '
flët (flat), adj. ' '
fork (fork), n. ' '
lár¥r (larger), adj. ' '
left (left), n. ' '
nayf (knife), n. ' '
nëpkin (napkin), n. ' '
pleys (place), n. ' '
pleys mët (place mat), fr. ' '
pleyt (plate), n. ' '
rayt (right), n. ' '
sëlûd (salad), n. ' '
sit (sit), v. ' '
smöl (small), adj. ' '
spün (spoon), n. ' '
sup (soup), n. ' '
tap (top), n. ' '
téybl (table), n. ' '
wéytrûs (waitress), n. ' '


'IN RESTAURANT'. ('The prepositions appear in red italic letters.')


Click here for the Transitional English to Standard English and 'Your language' vocabulary. ('Translate the preceding sentence into your language'.) Click here for the Standard English to Transitional English and 'Your language' vocabulary. ('Translate the preceding sentence into your language.') Click here for 'Your language' to Transitional English and Standard English vocabulary. ('Translate the preceding sentence into your language'.)


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Last revised on 22 October 2003