'TRANSITIONAL ENGLISH: TRANSLATORS' WORKING TEXT FOR ALL LANGUAGES'


'Appendix Three'

PREAMBLE TO THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

('In Standard English')

We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.


AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Bill of Rights

[Freedom of religion, of speech and of the press]

Amendment I: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.

[Right to keep and to bear arms]

Amendment II: A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.

[Quartering of soldiers]

Amendment III: No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner; nor in time of war but in a manner to be prescribed by law.

[Security from unwarrantable search and seizure]

Amendment IV: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall be issued but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

[Rights of the accused in criminal proceedings]

Amendment V: No person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

[Right to speedy trial, witnesses, etc.]

Amendment VI: In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense.

[Trial by jury in civil cases]

Amendment VII: In suits of common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise reexamined in any court of the United States than according to the rules of the common law.

[Bails, fines, punishments]

Amendment VIII: Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

[Reservation of the rights of the people]

Amendment IX: The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

[Reservation of the rights of the States]

Amendment X: The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States, respectively, or to the people.


CLICK HERE     RETURN    TO RETURN


Last revised on 21 October 2003