Kentucky Water Research Institute

PRIDE

Monitoring Strategy

The efficient utilization of federal funds in improving the water quality and aquatic habitat of the region requires a mechanism for assessing and evaluating the impacts of the proposed and ongoing projects as well as some mechanism for prioritizing the allocation of additional funds. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of these projects it is important to provide a formal monitoring and assessment program based on sound scientific principles. The following sections provide details of monitoring sites that are used to support a continuing assessment of water quality conditions in the PRIDE region

Geographical Assessment Units

Because of the spatial and cumulative impacts of multiple projects within a region, it is best that project impacts be evaluated on a county or watershed basis. In using such an approach, it is important that an appropriate assessment scale be selected to maintain a balance between the ability to quantify the impacts of local projects and the ability to effectively monitor a larger number of sites. In consideration of both issues, the various projects within the PRIDE counties have been evaluated both on a county basis and on a watershed basis.

Assessment Strategy

In using monitoring, chemical, biological and habitat parameters of a watershed are measured in an attempt to assess the existing baseline conditions of a stream or to assess or predict the impacts of subsequent remediation efforts or projects. As a result of the topography and terrain of eastern Kentucky, stream water quantity and quality can change dramatically over short periods of time. These changes can be due to weather effects (such as rapid changes in precipitation) or to human activities like water removals, water inputs, or intermittent pollutant inputs. As a result, wherever possible, it is best to monitor water quality and flow continuously. Unfortunately, implementation of a continuous water quality and flow monitoring program for the over 200 11-digit HUC watersheds within the PRIDE region would be cost-prohibitive. However, by using a general region-wide monitoring effort coupled with a detailed watershed monitoring and modeling effort, calibrated models of selected watersheds may be developed which can then be extrapolated to the remaining basins on the basis of similarity of topography, land use, soils, and the density of straight pipes and other pollutant sources. Such models can then be used to predict the impacts of aggregate projects and guide in the targeting of more detailed sampling efforts and associated remediation projects.

Assessment Data

The annual general region-wide water quality assessment of the PRIDE region will be based on the use of data obtained from both the Division of Water (DOW) ambient network, Division of Water TMDL sampling stations, the Kentucky Watershed Watch network, and additional targeted sampling. Information on each of these sets of monitoring sites is provided in the following sections.

DOW Ambient Monitoring Network

Monitoring stations associated with the DOW ambient network are sampled every other month with the exception of those stations that are in the basin of focus as part of the watershed management framework. These stations are sampled once a month during the particular year that the basin is in the monitoring phase of the management cycle. Location of DOW ambient stations is shown in the figure given below. Each of the stations is sampled for dissolved oxygen, temperature, pH, ammonia, metals, and fecal coliform.

DOW Ambient Monitoring Network

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DOW TMDL Monitoring Network

In addition to bi-monthly ambient data, the DOW has been conducting intensive TMDL sampling in both the North Fork of the Kentucky River and the Upper Cumberland River. Each of the stations are being sampled for temperature, pH and fecal coliform. Location of these sites in the PRIDE region is shown in figure below.

DOW TMDL Monitoring Network

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Kentucky Watershed Watch Monitoring Network

PRIDE has awarded several educational grants to support volunteer sampling efforts across the PRIDE area. These grants have been awarded to five separate volunteer groups associated with the Kentucky Watershed Watch Program. The volunteer groups have been organized around 6-digit river basins and include: The Kentucky River Watershed Watch Group, The Licking River Watershed Watch Group, The Big Sandy Watershed Watch Group, The Upper Cumberland Watershed Watch Group, and the Upper Green Watershed Watch Group. Map of the monitoring stations in the PRIDE region is given below

Kentucky Watershed Watch Monitoring Network

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Targeted Monitoring Network

An evaluation of the existing sampling locations in light of existing problems and proposed PRIDE projects reveals a need for additional stations in each of the major river basins. In September 2000, Kentucky Water Resources Research Institute, University of Kentucky, through its final project report (Pride Water Quality Assessment Report III) recommended additional monitoring stations to be set up. New monitoring stations were proposed and the sampling that was initially started in spring of 2001 was completed for year 2001. The additional sites will provide important information for use in evaluating the impact of ongoing PRIDE projects as well as for use in constructing mathematical watershed models which can then be used in making more detailed 11-digit HUC assessments as well used in prioritizing the locations of new projects. As a continuing effort to improve the monitoring network a new set of sampling locations are identified for sampling effort in the year 2002. Sampling for year 2002 started in May 2002 and is expected to be finished in November 2002. The location of monitoring stations in the PRIDE region for the year 2002 is shown in the map given below.

Targeted Monitoring Network

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UK Water Quality Sampling Effort 2002 - Click Here

Sampling for year 2003 started in May 2003 and is completed in September 2003. The locations of monitoring stations in the PRIDE region for the year 2003 are shown in the map given below.

Targeted Monitoring Network

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UK Water Quality Sampling Effort 2003 - Click Here

 

Sampling for year 2004 started in May 2004 and was completed in August 2004. The locations of monitoring stations in the PRIDE region for the year 2004 are shown in the map given below.

Targeted Monitoring Network

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UK Water Quality Sampling Effort 2004 - Click Here

 

Sampling for year 2005 started in May 2005 and was completed in August 2005. The locations of monitoring stations in the PRIDE region for the year 2005 are shown in the map given below.

Targeted Monitoring Network

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UK Water Quality Sampling Effort 2005 - Click Here