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Bloom’s Taxonomy

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"Blooms rose" by K. Aainsqatsi - Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.

Developed in 1956, and revised in 2001, Bloom’s Taxonomy was created by Benjamin Bloom with collaborators Max Englehart, Edward Furst, Walter Hill, and David Krathwohl as a framework for categorizing educational goals. It appeared in the book Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. There were six major categories in the original taxonomy, in order of increasing cognitive complexity: Knowledge, Comprehension, Application, Analysis, Synthesis, and Evaluation. The system was revised in 2001 by a group of cognitive psychologists, curriculum theorists and instructional researchers, and testing and assessment specialists and published it in A Taxonomy for Teaching, Learning, and Assessment. The changes included changing the nouns into “action words” in order to fully represent the dynamism of the Taxonomy and learning process.

  • Remember
    • Recognizing
    • Recalling
  • Understand
    • Interpreting
    • Exemplifying
    • Classifying
    • Summarizing
    • Inferring
    • Comparing
    • Explaining
  • Apply
    • Executing
    • Implementing
  • Analyze
    • Differentiating
    • Organizing
    • Attributing
  • Evaluate
    • Checking
    • Critiquing
  • Create
    • Generating
    • Planning
    • Producing

Bloom’s taxonomy is often used to set learning goals and to evaluate student learning in a classroom setting.

 

 

Resources:

 

Interactive table of Bloom’s Taxonomy: http://www.celt.iastate.edu/teaching-resources/effective-practice/revised-blooms-taxonomy/

 

Introduction to Bloom’s Taxonomy: http://cft.vanderbilt.edu/guides-sub-pages/blooms-taxonomy/

 

Table Applying Bloom’s Taxonomy: http://www.coun.uvic.ca/learning/exams/blooms-taxonomy.html