Roots in Rural Kentucky Fuel Medical Student's Desire to Respond to Emergencies

Tue, 05/13/2014 - 17:17

LEXINGTON, Ky. (May 16, 2014) - University of Kentucky medical student Ashley Loan eagerly anticipates the day she handles the chaos of the emergency room with a controlled calm.


"I can't wait for the day I develop that calm," Loan said. "It's an eerie thing when you see a physician gain control of the room."


Loan recognized the importance of a calm emergency response at a young age when her mother Elizabeth Loan performed CPR on a farmer in the fields of Greenup County. The farmer was pinned from the waist down under a turned-over tractor. Elizabeth Loan administered CPR to keep him alive until emergency responders from the nearest hospital arrived.  


Loan is among the 115 members of the UK College of Medicine Class of 2014 graduating Saturday, May 17, at in the Concert Hall of the UK Singletary Center for the Arts. She also is one of 10 graduating students that participated in UK's Rural Physician Leadership Program, where she believes her roots in Greenup County prepared her for a future responding to medical emergencies in rural Kentucky.


Loan was raised on a tobacco farm, following behind her father's setter when she was just 8 years old and selling produce at the family's roadside farm stand during the summers. She showed lambs raised on the farm at county fairs and through the 4-H program. She understands cultural characteristics that influence health in rural populations, like the patient's attitude of self-reliance that results in attempts to self-medicate or postpone a doctor's visits. It's often difficult for doctors from urban environments to appreciate those cultural variances.



"I get why people don't go to the doctor - rural people are raised to take care of themselves," Loan said. "Before they come to the doctor, they've tried a few things."


Loan's earliest experiences in emergency medicine were watching her mother respond to accidents in the farming community. Elizabeth Loan commuted to the nearest community college to obtain an associate's degree in nursing, which qualified her as the most educated health care provider within a 10-mile radius of the Loan farm. When the neighbor's son went into a diabetic coma, Loan remembers her mother rushing to their house to administer sugar water.


"There have been a lot of instances when my mom was the sole health care provider," Loan said.


Loan has personal ties to health challenges that are common in many rural communities. Loan's father, a lifelong tobacco user, suffers from COPD. Understanding that tobacco farming was once a way of life for many farmers, Loan thinks it's important that doctors aren't judgmental when working with rural patients. She has also learned the importance of thorough questioning when asking about a patient's health condition. 


Loan said growing up in a rural area isolated from hospitals fueled her desire to deliver more efficient emergency medical care to rural communities. She enjoys the challenge of being the first doctor on the trauma scene and "Macgyver-ing" her way through emergencies with limited resources. She said it's especially rewarding see relief in the patient with a few steps and in a short period of time.


"I love the fact that patients who come to the emergency department are the sickest patients you are going to see," Loan said. "You lay your eyes on them, you have no previous notes - you are the person who has an hour before the patient crashes to figure out what's going on."


Along with the other students part of UK's Rural Physician Leadership Program, Loan participated in clerkship rotations and lectures at St. Claire Regional Hospital through a partnership between the UK College of Medicine and Morehead State University. She said the hospital's smaller medical staff and fewer residents opened up more opportunities for medical students to gain hands-on experience with patients. Loan has delivered more than 10 babies, assisted attending physicians with bowel surgery and helped stabilize a coding patient in the emergency department. She's also visited rural hospitals in West Virginia.


Dr. Phillip Overall, a UK College of Medicine graduate and the emergency clerkship director at St. Claire Regional Hospital, believes Loan has already demonstrated the calm and decisive qualities needed in an emergency room doctor. As part of the program at Morehead State, one medical student is assigned to work with one attending physician at a time, so there's less competition for opportunities among residents, fellows and medical students. Overall said Loan has shown both compassion and leadership in the midst of an emergency.


"She is able to think very quickly on her feet and subsequently provide excellent patient care," Overall said. "We take care of critical patients on a daily basis and she is absolutely able to step back and assess the entire situation calmly and come up with a plan to take care of the patient."


As the assistant dean for the Rural Physician Leadership Program, Dr. Anthony Weaver recruited Loan to the program four years ago. When evaluating students for the program, Weaver considers the student's mindfulness of family and sense of responsibility to the community where they practice. Weaver said rural practices and hospitals need physicians who are committed to living and working in small towns. Loan's closeness to her family and ability to "have conversations with anyone about just about anything" made her an ideal candidate for the program.


"Ashley Loan has the intelligence and drive to succeed as a physician, but more importantly, she cares about her family and her neighbors," Weaver said. "Improvements in the health of rural Kentucky will come from people like Ashley."


With her commitment to practicing medicine in Greenup County, Loan was awarded the $20,000 Vernon Smith Scholarship for students who graduated from Greenup County High School. Along with a doctorate in medicine, on May 17 she also will receive a certificate in health systems leadership. During her medical residency also being completed at UK, she will take one class a semester to obtain a master's in business administration, with aspirations to serve as the director of a rural emergency department one day.


As a high school student, Loan wanted to escape rural Kentucky, but she now finds herself drawn back to the farming life. Loan and her fiancé Ryan Brown, who she met at a county fair during high school, recently purchased an 87-acre farm in Greenup County. They built a small house on the farm, which will serve as their weekend home while Loan completes her residency program in Lexington.


After residency, Loan plans to practice emergency medicine at a nearby hospital. She will raise beef cattle when she's not responding to emergencies.


"I'm definitely a small-town person," Loan said. "I feel an obligation to come back and serve the people who have really believed in me for so long. It makes my day when someone says, 'You are coming back here?' I'm Ashley - I'm the girl who sold corn with her dad on the side of the road - they trust me, and I like that."


MEDIA CONTACT: Elizabeth Adams,

Noehren Studies Muscle Injuries, Shares Findings with Community

Tue, 05/13/2014 - 16:53

UK's Brian Noehren Studies Muscle Injuries, Shares Findings with Community from reveal on Vimeo.



LEXINGTON, Ky. (May 14, 2014) -- While working as a physical therapist, Brian Noehren was frustrated by the lack of robust clinical evidence to support the interventions used in the clinic. He had ideas about what could be done differently, but he didn't have the research training to explore them.


"I wanted to come up with better strategies to address injuries that are so vexing and challenging to treat," he said.


Motived to find solutions, Noehren turned his career to translational research in physical therapy, completing his Ph.D. in biomechanics and movement science at the University of Delaware before joining the University of Kentucky's faculty five years ago. With the funding and support from the UK Center for Clinical and Translational Science and the National Institutes of Health, Noehren studies how muscle and physical function are affected by knee injuries--a significant source of disability in the United States--and how best to intervene and treat such injuries.  


"I started by looking at really big picture things - after you have these injuries, do you alter the way you walk or run?" he said.  "I've always been fascinated by how the human body moves. And at its heart, physical therapy is really about helping individuals improve their physical function, and one part of that is their ability to move."


His research uses MRIs and assays of muscle biopsies to examine how muscles have been altered by injury and then identify therapeutic targets. By examining the mechanisms of the altered muscle and gait function, he can develop, test, and asses new physical therapy interventions.


Noehren conducts his research with the assistance of a number of students, many of whom are undergraduates. In addition to instilling knowledge about physical therapy and research, he is also committed to helping his students develop keen critical thinking skills to look at problems from all angles.


"We devote a lot of time and resources to them - they're in essence the heart of the lab," he said. "I wish I'd had the opportunities that the students at UK have to participate in research starting at the undergraduate level. I've been so impressed with the undergrads working in our lab - they go from having a limited sense of what we do, to rapidly becoming content experts."


Twice a month, Noehren also offers a specialty running clinic with Dr. Scott Black, a UK sports medicine doctor and the physician for the UK track and field team. Noehren and Black see patients jointly, combining the expertise of physical therapy and sports medicine to offer a unique treatment resource for patients.


"Working together gives us a unique perspective on injuries and has helped with diagnosing of some of the more challenging ones," he said.


The collaborative running clinic has also helped to stimulate research ideas, and beginning this summer, the clinic will be held in the new, state-of-the-art research lab.


"This will also give people the chance to see research in action," he said. "I hope it gets the community excited about some of the unique things we have here at UK. There aren't a lot of labs that do what we do in the U.S., and for the community to use and see these resources really contributes to town-and-gown relationships."


Community engagement is a key aspect of research for Noehren, who recognizes the imperative to share his research findings with the home communities of his research participants. He operates a Facebook page to share information from the lab, and  last year alone he spoke at ten community events, collaborating with the YMCA, John's Run Walk Shop and Lexmark, among others.


"It's critically important to me that the community knows who we are, that we do good work and that we are good stewards- that we're not doing this just to publish in academic journals, but to help the Commonwealth."


MEDIA CONTACT: Mallory Powell,

UK Fire Cats Wrap Up Their First Wildfire Season

Tue, 05/13/2014 - 15:16

LEXINGTON, Ky., (May 14, 2014) — On any given weekend, when smoke curled over the mountains, the University of Kentucky Fire Cats could get the call. That call to fight some of the state’s wildfires during the recent spring fire hazard season came pretty regularly this year. The Fire Cats’ inaugural fire season turned out to be a bad one.


Over the past 14 years, Kentucky has averaged about 1,500 fires and almost 56,000 acres burned each year. The state has two fire hazard seasons—spring and fall. This year’s spring fire hazard season alone, which ran from Feb. 15 through April 30, saw 1,171 fires burn 35,613 acres. There were plenty of opportunities for the young firefighters to learn the ropes.


Andrew Nielsen, one of the three Fire Cats squad leaders, came into the new program with more experience than most. For the past six years, he has battled blazes in Oregon, where the Kentucky native lived for awhile. But for many of the Cats, this season was their first. Trained by the U.S. Forest Service and employed by the Kentucky Division of Forestry, the students are receiving “a brilliant opportunity,” according to UK Department of Forestry Chair Terrell “Red” Baker.


“Not only do they get in a few extra hours and earn some money, but they get excellent hands-on training that enables them to find jobs in the summer that could ultimately lead to career opportunities,” Baker said.


Chris Osborne, manager of UK’s Robinson Forest in the southeastern part of the state, is the Fire Cats’ crew leader and the unofficial liaison between the group, the Kentucky Division of Forestry and the Daniel Boone National Forest, which is managed by the U.S. Forest Service. He explained that wildland fires in this part of the country are different than western fires, which often spread rapidly through the canopy, fueled by evergreens. In hardwood-dominated Eastern Kentucky, fires usually run across the ground’s surface, fueled by leaf litter or logging slash.


“That being said, there are conditions and times that fire activity in Eastern Kentucky can be extreme. There are fires where you’ll have one- to two-foot flame heights, but we do have some grass fires and other fuel types that can create some extreme fire activity with much higher flame fronts,” Osborne said.


One of the fires Nielsen and his squad helped extinguish was a slow 15-acre fire burning in mixed hardwood and leaf litter in Lee County.

“It had been skulking around on the ground for a day or so,” Nielsen said. “Out west that fire would have taken at least a day to get control of, where here, you get two people on a blower blowing all the leaves away and people burning behind it, and you’re pretty much around it…. It took maybe an hour and a half. It was that quick, which is amazing to me.”


MacKenzie Schaeffer, another squad leader, has been interested in fighting wildfires for a long time.


“I always thought it would be really cool to go out west and fight the big wildfires, but that’s a big step to take,” she said. “When they started offering this program, I thought it would be a great opportunity for me to find out if it’s something I really like or want to do when I graduate and make a career out of it. It’s been an awesome opportunity, and I’ve loved it.


Schaeffer recalled her first fire.


“We did a mop-up, which is where you walk back through and check the line to make sure nothing’s blown into it or across it to start a fire,” she said. “When you go through the training, there’s no actual fire, so we got to see things in action.”


To prevent a trailer backed up to grass from catching fire, Schaeffer’s squad got to dig the line and then set a backfire to run the flames away from the trailer and towards what had already burned.


“I like using the drip torch,” Schaeffer said and laughed.


The idea for the Fire Cats grew out of the Department of Forestry’s long relationship with the Daniel Boone National Forest, said E.J. Bunzendahl, forest assistant fire manager officer for the Daniel Boone. Since 2011, UK forestry students have had to take fire training as a mandatory course for their degree. The U.S. Forest Service, through Bunzendahl and her staff, facilitate the online version of the wildland firefighter training. Students spend between 40 and 60 hours completing the online portion of the class, which culminates in an eight-hour required field day that the Daniel Boone National Forest hosts.


“We have a participating agreement signed between the University of Kentucky Department of Forestry and the Daniel Boone National Forest that says we’ll help each other; we’ll provide the class and they offer consultation assistance to us,” Bunzendahl said.

Alabama A&M University and Virginia Tech both field teams of student firefighters, so when Baker saw how interested his students were in taking the mandatory course, he considered fielding a team. He spoke with Dan Olsen, who at the time wasdirector of fire and aviation management for the Southern Region of the U.S. Forest Service. Olsen brought Bunzendahl on board, who called the Kentucky Division of Forestry.


“On the Daniel Boone, we average less than 100 fires a year, and the Kentucky Division of Forestry averages about 1,500 or 1,600 fires a year,” Bunzendahl said. “If you want to get some experience, you’ll have a little more opportunity working for them than you will right here on the Boone. KDF was instrumental in getting this program off the ground.”


Leah MacSwords, state forester and director of KDF, gave the idea her approval and Mike Harp, assistant fire chief with the division, started making the arrangements to work with the UK students. KDF employs the students and has provided all their equipment. Both Harp and his supervisor, Luke Saunier, are graduates of the UK Department of Forestry, and they immediately saw the benefit to the students.


“When we both came into the Kentucky Division of Forestry, we were not prepared for the firefighting aspect,” said Harp, who graduated in 1996. “If I would have had this back in school, it could have really helped me understand things a bitbetter. I would have been ahead of the curve.”


The FireCats have helped KDF, too. Harp accompanied one of the squads on what he called a “somewhat complicated small 10-acre fire.”


“When I say complicated, it was because of the terrain,” he explained. “If I would have let the crews they had on-site at the time fight that fire, it probably would have taken two or two and a half hours to put it out. But with the UK Fire Cats there, with that added personnel, we knocked it out in probably half the time. They really made a difference up there.”


In Osborne’s eyes, it’s a win-win situation.


“So far, there’s been really positive interaction with these kids. They’ve asked really good questions, and they’re engaged, and they’ve been hardworking,” he said. “So far it’s been a great success.”


The 2014 UK Fire Cats include James Baunach, Andrew Hagerty and Andrew Nielsen, all from Louisville; Christopher Bullock from Winchester; Lexingtonians Austin Combs, William Ellis, Kristian Elswick and Taylor York; David Corr from Fort Thomas; Sam Cox from Riverside, Illinois; Tyler Frame, from Maysville; William McCormick from Inez; Cody Pyles from Monticello; Josh Robinson from Elizabethtown; MacKenzie Schaeffer, Derwood, Maryland; and Richard Tamer from Shelbyville, who was the third squad leader.




MEDIA CONTACT:  Carol Lea Spence, 859-257-8324.


Good Barn Parking Lot Closed for Summer

Tue, 05/13/2014 - 14:52

LEXINGTON, Ky. (May 14, 2014) —The Good Barn parking lot (E/C2), located on University Drive south of the Good Barn on the University of Kentucky campus, is now closed for the duration of this summer.


The action went into effect this week in order to facilitate expansion of the lot. The newly-expanded lot will relocate 660 spaces from the Commonwealth Stadium overflow parking lot (Black Lot) as part of the South Campus FEMA Storm Water Mitigation project. This construction effort will create approximately 400 new parking spaces, designed to offset a portion of the spaces eliminated by the Commonwealth Stadium expansion and renovation project. The new lot is expected to be completed prior to the fall semester.


During the summer months, parking demand is significantly reduced, providing increased flexibility in parking alternatives. Employees who normally park in the Good Barn Lot may park in any E or R areas or the K areas at Commonwealth Stadium. Visit to view the campus summer parking map and identify alternate parking locations.


MEDIA CONTACTS: Carl Nathe, 859-257-2226; Chrissie Balding Tune; 859-257-3512.


Videos of UK May Commencement Ceremonies Now Available Online

Tue, 05/13/2014 - 09:00



LEXINGTON, Ky. (May 14, 2014) — If you want to relive the May 2014 Commencement ceremonies or share with family and friends who may have missed your walk across the stage, you can now watch them on YouTube! 


The YouTube playlist above features all three ceremonies from Sunday, May 5.


The Graduate and Professional Ceremony can be found here:


The Undergraduate Ceremony for the Colleges of Agriculture, Food & Environment, Gatton (Business & Economics), Education, Engineering and Nursing can be found here:


The Undergraduate Ceremony for the Colleges of Arts and Sciences, Communication & Information, Design, Fine Arts, Health Sciences and Social Work can be found here:


UK Public Relations and Marketing would like to thank John Herbst and Wildcat Student TV for their assistance in the video production and live streaming of these ceremonies. 

College of Education Professor Receives 2014 Sturgill Award

Mon, 05/12/2014 - 17:14

LEXINGTON, Ky. (May 13, 2014) — John Thelin, professor of higher education in the UK College of Education's Department of Educational Policy Studies and Evaluation, has received the 2014 Sturgill Award, an honor presented each year to a graduate faculty member who has provided outstanding contributions to graduate education at UK.


Thelin, who also has a joint appointment with the UK Martin School of Public Policy and Administration, came to UK in 1996. During that time, he has become nationally renowned as one of UK's experts on higher education history, policies and issues. Thelin's students benefit from his array of expertise in areas such as philanthropy, foundations and economics of higher education, as well as the study of college sports. Thelin enjoys bringing historical documents and events into contemporary discussions on significant issues in higher education.


Thelin is a past recipient of the UK Alumni Association's Great Teachers Award and the Provost's Award for Teaching Excellence, and was selected as a University Research Professor in 2000.


The Sturgill Award is named in honor of William B. Sturgill, who contributed to higher education through organizing and serving as president of the Hazard Independent College Foundation, in addition to working with legislators to develop the community college system in the Commonwealth.


Sturgill was born in Lackey, Ky., and graduated from UK in 1946. He has been involved in a variety of businesses, including executive and owner of several coal operations, East Kentucky Investment Company, Fourth Street and Gentry Tobacco Warehouses, and the Hartland Development Project. Sturgill served as both secretary of energy and secretary of agriculture under Gov. John Y. Brown Jr.  He served 18 years on UK's Board of Trustees, including serving as chair for 10 years. The Sturgill Development Building is named in his honor.


MEDIA CONTACT: Jenny Wells, 859-257-5343;


UK Engineering Professor, Student Join Paducah Mayor on Africa Trip

Mon, 05/12/2014 - 16:48
LEXINGTON, Ky. (May 13, 2014) — Paducah mayor Gayle Kaler, UK Paducah engineering faculty member Jeffrey Seay and chemical engineering undergraduate research student Chandni Joshi are traveling this month to the sub-Saharan African country of Gabon. 


The group plans to discuss economic development opportunities between Kentucky and Gabon as well as potential research and collaboration opportunities for UK in Gabon.


"This opportunity has grown out of our on-going research in sustainable biofuels in Cameroon – the country to the north of Gabon," Seay said. "Through the relationships we have built in Cameroon, we now have the chance to disseminate our work to other countries in the region."


The group departs for Libreville, Gabon on Tuesday, May 13. Upon arrival, they will travel by motorcade to Lambaréné, where they will meet the governor of the Moyen-Ogooué province and the city’s mayor. Seay will give a presentation covering the research capabilities at the UK Paducah campus plus an overview of the ongoing research work in Cameroon. Mayor Kaler will discuss the economic and cultural exchange opportunities available with Paducah.


"I'm honored to be invited by the University of Kentucky to travel to Gabon, and I am extremely thankful that an anonymous donor is providing the funds for my airfare,” Kaler said. “My hope is that this visit will be the beginning of a longstanding cultural, economic and educational partnership between Paducah and Lambaréné."

Kaler will be visiting several schools in Lambaréné and present them with McCracken County High School and Paducah Tilghman High School shirts in addition to books donated by McNabb Elementary and local residents. 


Following the presentations by Kaler and Seay, the group will tour several of Gabon’s cultural landmarks. In addition to observing a traditional ceremony at a Bwiti temple, they will visit the Albert Schweitzer Hospital, the State School for the Deaf and Mute, the National School of Waters and Forests and more. The contingent will also meet the President of the Gabonese Senate, Vice President of the National Assembly and the U.S. Ambassador to Gabon.


“This trip is an amazing opportunity for the UK Paducah campus and especially for our students," Seay said. "We are looking forward to the chance to build new relationships and experience the richness of the Gabonese culture."


The trip formally concludes May 16; however, Seay and Joshi will connect with a group of UK engineering students studying abroad in Cameroon. The University of Kentucky Appropriate Technology and Sustainability (UKATS) Research Group, headed by Seay, has been working on low-cost, locally produced biodiesel and biochar projects since 2011. The UKATS group has developed these projects in partnership with the African Centre for Renewable Energy & Sustainable Technology (ACREST), located in the village of Bangang in rural Cameroon. This will be the group’s second visit to Bangang since 2012.


Prevention of Deadly Melanoma Begins in the Pediatric Years

Mon, 05/12/2014 - 14:11

LEXINGTON, Ky. (May 14, 2014) - Painful blisters and glowing red skin after a day outdoors are the short-term consequences of a child's overexposure to the sun.  While sunburn heals with time, the long-term effects to the skin are irreversible. It's often years - even decades - later when the more dire consequences of sunburn can resurface in the form of malignant melanoma.


Because 80 percent of lifetime sun exposure occurs before the age of 20, efforts to prevent melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer, must begin early in life. For a variety of reasons, melanoma incidence has increased steadily since the 1930s when only one out of 1,600 Americans were diagnosed with the disease.


Today, melanoma affects one in 60 Americans and is appearing more frequently in teenagers and young adults. In fact, melanoma is the most common cancer of young adults ages 25-29 and is the leading cause of cancer death in women ages 25-30. Because it can spread quickly through the body to places such as the brain and the liver, melanoma accounts for three-quarters of total deaths caused by skin cancer. Ironically, as much as melanoma is a growing public health concern, it is also largely preventable. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sunlight and tanning beds plays a major role in melanoma development.


Dr. John D'Orazio, a researcher at the Markey Cancer Center and a pediatric oncologist at Kentucky Children's Hospital, rarely sees skin cancer in children but says the pediatric years are a critical period for preventing melanoma later in life. Melanoma risk correlates especially with sunburns, and since the skin is more delicate in childhood, children are especially susceptible to sunburns.  Having at least five sunburns increases the lifetime risk of melanoma, and blistering sunburns are particularly risky.


Know Your Child's Skin Type

According to D'Orazio, skin pigmentation and amount of exposure to UV rays are the predominant risk factors for developing melanoma. People who have dark pigmentation have high amounts of melanin pigment in their skin. Melanin acts like a natural sunblock and protects the skin very effectively against UV damage. Those who have fair skin and a lighter complexion are born with lower amounts of melanin in their skin and are much more vulnerable to UV penetrating deeply and altering skin cells. There is overwhelming evidence to show that skin cancers such as melanoma are caused by UV radiation that penetrates into the skin and causes mutations in skin cells.


Therefore, the more UV rays that penetrate into the skin without the protection of natural or artificial sunblocking agents, the higher the person's risk of developing melanoma. Children with fair complexions are most vulnerable to damaging effects of UV rays. It's important to notice whether a child is prone to sunburning or tanning. Knowing a child's skin profile will help parents determine level of protection that should be enforced during outdoor activities. Parents and caregivers must be vigilant about restricting sun and tanning bed exposure to ensure the long-term skin health of children and teens. 


D'Orazio says to use common sense when it comes to sun safety and to avoid sunburns as much as possible. Avoiding or limiting outdoor activities during the time of day the sun is most intense, between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., is a good strategy.  If sunburn-susceptible children are outdoors during this time, seek a shady spot and wear UV-protected items, such as bathing suits, rash guards, sunglasses and hats to escape the sun. Apply sunscreen with a minimum SPF of 15 designed to block both UVB and UVA rays. Make sure all exposed areas of the body are coated, including the feet and the tops of ears. At a minimum, sunscreen should be applied every 90 minutes and immediately after sweating or swimming. Because their components break down over time, sunscreens should be replaced annually.


Get Teens Out of Tanning Beds

Despite having a strong link to melanoma, the use of tanning beds in adolescents and young adults continues to skyrocket. Sixty-seven percent of teens think they look better with a tan and 2.3 million American teens are estimated to visit tanning beds at least once a year. D'Orazio said research has shown a connection between frequent use of tanning beds and other addictive behaviors.


"The problem with the tanning bed is once you start, it’s hard to stop," D'Orazio said. "Many tanning bed patrons say they look and feel better with a tan… and there’s a good reason for this. When your skin tans, your body makes natural endorphins, which are morphine-like compounds."


One visit to the tanning bed under the age of 30 increases the chance of developing melanoma by 75 percent.  In fact, the UV output of a tanning bed can be 10 times stronger than the sun. Currently there is no way to get a tan without the increased risk of melanoma and other skin cancers. In spite of those risks, in the greater Lexington area, tanning beds outnumber McDonald's restaurants and Starbucks combined.


Regulation of the tanning bed industry, including UV lamp output and restrictions on use by minors, is highly variable among states. Currently in Kentucky, there is no ban in place for indoor tanning by minors.  Children under the age of 14 are allowed to use indoor tanning facilities if accompanied by a parent, and those ages 14-17 can come alone if they have signed parental consent. Sunless tanning products are healthier alternatives to tanning, but users should be aware such products don't provide much UV protection. Parents should strongly consider the risks when a teen expresses an interest in a tanning beds and other tanning products.


Early Detection

Fortunately, skin cancer in children is very rare, and D’Orazio has only seen a handful of children with melanoma.  However, risk starts to rise in late adolescence and increases as people age. Death from this aggressive cancer is all too common in people in the prime of their lives. In his laboratory, D'Orazio is currently investigating ways to replicate the protective melanin mechanism for people who are especially vulnerable to sunburn and reverse the negative effects of UV exposure.


“By understanding what happens in the skin during sun tanning, we hope to develop new drugs to make tanning possible without the risk of cancer.”


For now, however, tanning remains a very risky business, especially for fair-skinned people who get sunburns.  For these people, it is especially important to do regular skin surveys to get an early jump on problems. Early detection of melanoma can save lives. Since most melanomas develop in moles, guidelines focus on mole awareness. Be aware of the ABCDEs of moles to detect problematic or irregular patterns on the skin:

  • A - Asymmetry
  • B - Border -irregular, jagged
  • C - Color - more than one
  • D - Diameter (larger than a pencil eraser)
  • E - Elevation - raise from the surrounding skin

Skin surveys should start sometime in adolescence and be done at regular intervals, depending on melanoma risk.  Since children and teens still associate beauty with tanning, a cultural change will be required for young people to fully embrace sun protection.


With the opening of pools, proms, graduations and warm-weather events, teens are focused on tanning in the spring and early summer seasons. Parents and pediatricians should look for “teachable moments” this time of year, such as discussions about tanning or sunscreen use, to share the dangers of sun exposure with children who are at high risk of sunburn. 


MEDIA CONTACT: Elizabeth Adams,

Effective Treatments Available for Knee Cap Pain

Mon, 05/12/2014 - 14:05

LEXINGTON, Ky. (May 13, 2014) -- Knee cap or patellofemoral pain is one of the most common conditions that sports medicine practitioners see.  The condition was once thought to predominately affect adolescents.


However, in recent years, it has been recognized as a significant source of pain and disability throughout the life span, curtailing one’s ability to enjoy playing sports, and to perform more basic activities such as going up and down stairs.  There is even emerging evidence that having knee cap pain earlier in life may be one risk factor for developing knee osteoarthritis later in life.  The pain may or may not be associated with a feeling of instability.  Thankfully, recent developments have led to effective treatments for individuals with knee cap pain and instability.


We have learned over the past decade how important the hip is in the development of knee cap pain.  It is much like the old adage the knee bone is connected to the hip bone.  The knee cap makes contact with the thigh bone.  Thus, if the muscles that control the thigh (hip muscles) are not strong enough or lack good control, they can allow the thigh bone to rotate in a way that causes the knee cap to become excessively loaded on one side. With repeated repetitions, this results in pain. 


The good news is that with exercises, given under the proper instruction of a licensed physical therapist, an individual’s pain can be significantly reduced if not eliminated.  These exercises target not only hip weakness but teach the individual when and how to use the muscles to best reduce stress on the knee cap.


Knee cap instability also has several promising treatments that have developed over the past decade. Much like knee pain, the first step is to work with a physical therapist on similar hip exercises to see if keeping the thigh bone in a better position will reduce the feelings of instability. Other treatments such as bracing and even orthotics may be used to help reduce symptoms, after the initial bout of instability. If conservative interventions are not successful, then a consultation with a board certified orthopedic surgeon with specialized training in the treatment of knee cap instability is warranted. 


The orthopedic surgeon would be able to assess whether the knee cap instability is due to a lax or torn ligament called the medial patellofemoral ligament, or if the instability is due to the shape of the portion of the thigh bone that the knee cap makes contact with.  This portion of the thigh bone is shaped like a U and if it is too shallow it does not give the patella a good track to follow as you bend and extend your knee.  Surgery can help reduce or eliminate the bouts of instability, allowing the individual the ability to more fully engage in activities that they enjoy.


Whether suffering from knee cap pain or instability, it is important to seek treatment from a physical therapist or physician who can guide you through the steps of treatment.  We have seen that a wait-and-see approach may cause the perception of pain to grow, even if you decrease the amount of activity you are engaged in.  


Brian Noehren, PT, Ph.D., FACSM, is director of the University of Kentucky BioMotion Lab and an assistant professor in the College of Health Sciences Division of Physical Therapy.


This column appeared in the May 11, 2014 edition of the Lexington Herald-Leader

Harris Receives Top Honor from YMCA of Central Kentucky

Mon, 05/12/2014 - 11:36


LEXINGTON, Ky. (May 13, 2014) -- The YMCA of Central Kentucky recently bestowed its highest honor, the Red Triangle Award, to University of Kentucky Vice President of University Relations Tom Harris. The Red Triangle Award is presented in recognition of meritorious volunteer service, outstanding contributions and achievement within the Y and in the community.


“The triangle has long been a symbol of the Y movement, with its three sides representing an essential unity of sprit, mind and body,” said YMCA President and CEO David Martorano. “Tom embodies the Y spirit. He gives generously of his time, leads by example, and handles issues, no matter how big or small, with ease and confidence. And, he never loses sight of our mission, which is to give everyone an opportunity to learn, grow and thrive."


Harris serves as the chair of the association board, which oversees the three facilities in Fayette County as well as the program branches located in Scott and Jessamine counties. Prior to serving on the Association’s board, he was an active member of the High Street Y board of managers, including two years as its chair.


The YMCA of Central Kentucky was established in 1853, making it one of commonwealth’s oldest non profit organizations. It annually serves more than 68,000 individuals and gives more than $1 million in financial assistance. 


UK Art Museum Show Features Famous 20th Century Artists

Sat, 05/10/2014 - 17:31



LEXINGTON, Ky. (May 15, 2014) – From Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein to Christo and Jean-Claude, “Landscape/Mindscape: Selections from the Wells Fargo Collection,” showcases modern and contemporary landscapes by some of the nation's most popular artists. "Landscape/Mindscape" will be displayed at the Art Museum at the University of Kentucky from May 18 to Aug. 27.


“'Landscape/Mindscape' is just a breath of fresh air—glowing color, bold compositions and innovative takes on a very old art form. And, it includes some of the leading artists of the 20th century, from Andy Warhol to Helen Frankenthaler,” said Janie Welker, curator of the Art Museum at UK.


The exhibition, featuring some of the 20th century’s most prominent artists, includes works in a wide range of styles from pop art to color field painting and various forms of abstraction.



Artist Roy Lichtenstein renders sun, sea and sky in bright color and simplified form.


Andy Warhol offers up his trademark multiple images in a series of three sunsets printed in rich, varied colors.


Jim Dine offers a glimpse of a landscape through an elaborate wrought iron gate in one work, and sets a heart down amidst a field of sparse flowers in another.


Helen Frankenthaler, known for her “stain” paintings—in which she poured thinned paint over raw canvas to achieve clouds of rich color—adapts the process to printmaking in glowing compositions. While abstract, her work is drawn from the natural world, and the titles—“Bilbao” and “The Red Sea”—offer clues to her inspiration.


While the “mindscapes” are all thought provoking, many are fun and figurative.


Jennifer Bartlett’s “Earth Fireworks” explodes in brilliant color.


Christo and Jean-Claude, installation artists known for wrapping both manmade and natural landmarks in yards of fabric, offer a view of their “Running Fence” installation, an 18-foot-high structure that ran for 24 miles through California’s hilly Sonoma County.


Other featured artists include Sam Francis, Robert Motherwell, Philip Pearlstein and Kiki Smith.


The exhibition is made possible by the Bluegrass Complex of Wells Fargo Advisors, LLC, Member SIPC. Promotional partners include Meridian-Chiles and Thoroughbred Printing.


The Art Museum at UK is located in the Singletary Center for the Arts at Rose Street and Euclid Avenue. The hours are noon to 5 p.m. Tuesday through Sunday, and noon to 8 p.m. on Friday. Admission to “Landscape/Mindscape: Selections from the Wells Fargo Collection,” is $8 for general admission, $5 for senior citizens, and free for all students, UK faculty, staff and alumni. The exhibition is also free to the all on Friday nights from 5 to 8 p.m.


The mission of the Art Museum at UK, part of the UK College of Fine Arts, is to promote the understanding and appreciation of art to enhance the quality of life for the people of Kentucky through collecting, exhibiting, preserving and interpreting outstanding works of visual art from all cultures. Home to a collection of more than 4,500 objects, including American and European paintings, drawings, photographs, prints and sculpture, the Art Museum at UK presents both special exhibitions and shows of work from their permanent collection.



MEDIA CONTACT: Whitney Hale, 859-257-8716;



Board to Consider 5 Percent Tuition Increase; Increases in Compensation, Financial Aid

Fri, 05/09/2014 - 14:22

LEXINGTON, Ky. (May 9, 2014) — The University of Kentucky Board of Trustees today approved a proposal to increase tuition and mandatory fees for resident students by 5 percent in Fall 2014.


The increase – the second lowest in more than 10 years – is a cornerstone of one of three guiding principles that UK President Eli Capilouto said will be the basis for the university’s budget that the board will consider in June:


·         Continuing consistent faculty and staff pay raises

·         Ensuring no across-the-board cuts and minimizing any impact on our academic core.

·         Proposing moderate tuition and fee increases to ensure affordability.


“We are part of an institution that places students first in everything that we do,” Capilouto said. “In this budget, we will propose specific strategies to keep college affordable, continue to increase the compensation to our faculty and staff, and maintain our commitment to a revitalization that makes this university a national model for a thriving, public research and residential campus.”


Elements of the tuition and mandatory fees, housing and dining proposal being considered by the Board of Trustees Friday include:


Tuition, Mandatory Fees and Housing


·         Last week, the Council on Postsecondary Education authorized the state’s public universities to increase tuition and mandatory fees by no more than 8 percent over the next two years.

·         UK’s rates for Fall 2014 will reflect a 5 percent tuition increase for resident students and 8 percent for non-resident students. First-year in-state tuition and mandatory fees would go from $4,983 per semester to $5,232 this coming fall, an increase of $249.

·         An increase in financial aid provided by UK of $11 million is planned for the preliminary budget. In 2014-2015, UK would provide $86 million in scholarships and financial aid that do not have to be repaid, up from $75 million this current academic year.

·         In 2014, the four-year average for tuition increases will be 5 percent, if the board adopts this year’s rates. In 2006, the four-year average for increases was 13.1 percent. Since 2008, UK’s annual state appropriations have been cut by $55 million – from $335 million to $280 million. That includes a 1.5 percent – or $4.3 million annual reduction – in the university’s state appropriation for the budget year that will begin in July. So, the four-year average tuition and mandatory fee increases have declined even though state appropriations have also been reduced.

·         In Fall 2013, 85.5 percent of resident undergraduates received financial aid or scholarships that did not have to be repaid. The average out-of-pocket expense for tuition and mandatory fees for those students was $1,079 for the semester – about $200 less than the previous year.

·         The mandatory tuition and fees will not have to be increased beyond the CPE set ceiling for Fall 2014 even though the university will begin design and construction of a $165 million renovation and expansion of its Student Center. Capilouto said private fundraising, Student Center reserves and careful financial management are helping the institution hold down fee increases, which traditionally pay for facilities such as a Student Center.

·         Housing rates for new residence halls built since 2006 will increase by 3 percent. Rates for the traditional double room residence halls will not increase. And rates for single occupancy rooms in these older residence halls will be reduced by 19 percent. UK’s new residence halls are “subscribed” at 180 percent, while its older residence halls are only half-full in terms of requests at this point. UK is in the process of replacing the vast majority of its residence halls through a public-private partnership with EdR.

·         Dining rates – depending upon the meal plan – would increase between 3 percent and 4 percent. One meal plan will have no increases.


“While no numbers can diminish the fact that families are bearing more of the cost burden for higher education in the wake of declining state support,” Capilouto said, “we can be proud that this university is keeping the needs of Kentuckians first.”


UK employees and the budget


Capilouto also announced that for the coming year, he will propose a budget that includes a 2 percent merit pool for salary and wage increases for faculty and staff on top of the 5 percent pool we created last year. The FY 2014-15 budget will be presented to the Board of Trustees for consideration on June 10.


“We must continue investing in our most valuable resource – our people,” he said.


With state funding cuts, the plan to raise compensation, and increases in fixed costs such as utilities and financial aid, UK will confront nearly $40 million in funding needs beyond what was in our budget this current year. However, two years ago, Capilouto said “we made often-painful decisions to cut costs, which included the elimination of several hundred positions along with other management strategies identified to minimize impact on the academic core. Because we made tough decisions then, we are in a better position now to address continued financial challenges.”


As a result, Capilouto said the upcoming budget proposal will not include across-the-board cuts to handle the state reductions and increased funding needs. Specifically, he said the budget proposal will include an internal reallocation of $7 million made possible through efficiencies, the creation of new revenues, and realignment of the budget. In addition, funds previously earmarked for capital renewal will fund the remaining $3 million gap.


“That said, we cannot cut our way to a brighter future. It may be seductive to think so, but it is illusory to believe it,” Capilouto said. “In the last three years alone, with our board's leadership, we have started -- or been authorized to begin -- nearly $1 billion in construction of new facilities and renovation of existing buildings that are transforming our campus. The state's investment in all of that is $35 million. UK has generated the rest through public-private-partnerships, a unique collaboration with our athletics department to fund academic space, fundraising and greater efficiencies in our operations and administration.


The university is, without question, doing its part. We will continue to urge the state to re-invest in this institution, which is so vital to Kentucky's future.”

UK to Begin Negotiations With Aramark for Partnership on Dining Services

Fri, 05/09/2014 - 12:41

LEXINGTON, Ky. (May 9, 2014)University of Kentucky President Eli Capilouto Friday said contract negotiations are beginning with Aramark to create a “public-private partnership for dining that has the potential to transform this vital service for our students and the larger community we serve.”


“We have the opportunity to improve service, provide healthier food at lower cost to our students, invest millions in facilities and enhance our commitment to locally sourced food,” Capilouto said Friday in announcing the contract negotiations to the UK Board of Trustees. “Much like a public-private partnership has revitalized our approach to residence halls and the living and learning environment, we can now build a national model for dining services and its impact on our students and the Commonwealth.”


"A proposed public-private partnership in dining offers the opportunity for even more transformative change throughout the campus through healthier options, more convenient options and hours, and more cost-effective pricing of plans," said Britt Brockman, chair of the UK Board of Trustees. "It underscores through what has been a transparent and comprehensive process how we are working on this campus to put students first. Our board is excited about the potential of this partnership as well as the opportunity to consider the continued revitalization of our campus infrastructure as part of enhancing this critically important service."


“Aramark is honored that the University of Kentucky is recommending us for this innovative partnership,” said Mark Nelson, president of Aramark’s Higher Education business.  “We are excited about the opportunity to partner with UK Dining’s employees to transform the student experience and environment, and we look forward to supporting the Kentucky Proud program and the College of Agriculture to expand local sourcing, sustainability and nutrition and wellness initiatives on campus.”


Specifically, Capilouto said contract negotiations with Aramark would begin immediately, with the goal of executing a contract this summer. Key principles that both UK and Aramark want to achieve, include:


·         Retaining existing dining services employees as of February 2013 as UK employees. That includes 107 current dining employees.


·         Increasing the annual investment in the Kentucky Proud program and local purchases, which currently totals $1 million annually and $800,000 respectively.


·         Executing a long-term contract that would include the investment of tens of millions of dollars in renovation of existing facilities and construction of new facilities to improve access to dining and the quality of service. Construction and renovation of facilities greater than $600,000 would be subject to approval by the Board of Trustees.


·         Lowering the cost of current UK dining plans and providing more flexible meal plan options.


·         Creating a Food Institute run in partnership with the College of Agriculture, Food and Environment, which would include internship programs and a student scholarship endowment ― all total, a seven-figure investment in the study of food in a scholarly context.


·         Enhancing the commitment to sustainability, nutrition and wellness with the hiring of a full-time sustainability coordinator and dietician as well as investments in wellness programs and education initiatives.


·         Creating strict measurements of performance and customer satisfaction.


If a contract is successfully executed, its details will be made public in keeping with the institution’s commitment to a transparent and comprehensive process, said Eric Monday, UK’s executive vice president for finance and administration.


Aramark currently partners with more than 1,000 colleges, universities, K-12 and preparatory schools across the country.  The company employs approximately 2,500 people at a variety of businesses, municipalities, and education and health care institutions in the Commonwealth.


UK has been assessing dining service options for more than a year. Three committees ― with representation from faculty, staff and the student body ― have studied the issue. Three campus-wide forums have been held, and numerous meetings have been held with dining services employees throughout the process.


“This review process has been as exhaustive and inclusive as the process to build a public-private partnership for residence halls,” Monday said. “That partnership has resulted in hundreds of millions of dollars of investment in technology-infused residence halls that are improving the living and learning capacity of our student body. With dining services, we have the same opportunity. We have outstanding employees, who will continue their important work with us.  We now can create a partnership that provides the opportunity to improve every facet of what we do in this critically important service in ways that benefit our students as well as the community and state beyond our campus.”


In 2011, UK announced a partnership with EdR, a publicly traded company based in Memphis, to construct and manage the university’s residence hall system. By August 2014, 2,982 new beds will have been constructed, creating 4,400 direct and indirect jobs and representing $163 million in investment in a revitalized housing system.



MEDIA CONTACT:  Jay Blanton, 859-699-0041

Four UK Professors Honored for Outstanding Research Programs

Fri, 05/09/2014 - 12:35

LEXINGTON, Ky. (May 9, 2014) ― One of the University of Kentucky's most prestigious awards is the University Research Professorship. Four UK professors were recognized by the UK Board of Trustees today with that honor: Richard Charnigo, Francie Chassen-López, Debra Moser, and Mark Prendergast.


University Research Professorships were established by the university in 1976 to promote research, provide an opportunity for concentrated research effort, recognize outstanding achievement, and emphasize the function of research and discovery.


“The University Research Professorships enhance and encourage scholarly research productivity while celebrating the discoveries of UK’s top faculty scholars,” said UK President Eli Capilouto. “We are proud to recognize their contributions to campus, their fields and the people they touch and teach.”


The honor carries an award of $40,000 to enable professors to devote time to their research or continue to teach and use the award to support research activities.


Richard Charnigo is a tenured full professor in the Departments of Statistics and Biostatistics at the University of Kentucky.  He received his Ph.D. in statistics from Case Western Reserve University in 2003. His research interests include mixture modeling, nonparametric smoothing, cardiology, psychology, and public health.  Charnigo has published more than 100 articles in peer-review journals, is currently an editor-in-chief of the Journal of Biometrics and Biostatistics, and has been principal investigator on grants from the National Science Foundation and the Army Research Office.


Distinguished Professor of Arts and Sciences, Francie Chassen-López was also recently named Provost´s Distinguished Service Professor. She received her master's and Ph.D. from the National Autonomous University of Mexico, and her B.A. from Vassar College.  Before she returned to the U.S., she taught in Mexico City for 10 years, first at the National University and later at the Autonomous Metropolitan University. She continues to work closely with colleagues in Mexico City and Oaxaca.  She has been a visiting researcher at both the Institute for Sociological Research and at the Humanities Institute of the University of Oaxaca. She has produced two single-authored books; two co-authored books; two short books; three edited short anthologies, and 37 journal articles and books chapters. Chassen-López has twice served as director of Latin American Studies at UK and was the first woman to chair the UK Department of History.


Debra K. Moser is a full professor and holder of the first endowed chair in nursing at the University of Kentucky. Her research concentrates on improving morbidity, mortality and quality of life outcomes in patients with heart failure and acute myocardial infarction. Her research program includes more than $30 million in funding. Her work has been recognized with more than 23 awards, including the Lembright and Heart Failure Research Awards from the American Heart Association Council on Cardiovascular Nursing.  She is a fellow of the American Academy of Nursing and the American Heart Association. In addition to her academic position, she is the co-editor of the Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, the co-director of the RICH Heart Program, and the director of the Center for Biobehavioral Research in Self-Management of Cardiopulmonary Disease.  Known for expertise in heart failure and acute myocardial infarction patient care, she has published more than 290 journal articles, 25 chapters, and three books, and lectures extensively in these areas.


Mark Prendergast is a full professor in the Department of Psychology and an associate member of the Spinal Cord and Brain Injury Research Center, a unit of the UK College of Medicine.  He received his doctoral degree in developmental psychobiology from the University of Nebraska in 1994 followed by a three-year postdoctoral fellowship in the Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology at the Medical College of Georgia. In 1997, he started a second postdoctoral fellowship in the Department of Pharmacology at UK and two years later joined the Department of Psychology with direct responsibility for both undergraduate and graduate education. Prendergast has maintained an externally funded research program since 1999, almost entirely based on awards from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. In addition, he has been a training faculty member on two National Institute on Drug Abuse programs since 2000. Prendergast has 81 publications of refereed scientific manuscripts and four book chapters. Since 2005, he has been the area coordinator for the Behavioral Neuroscience and Psychopharmacology Area of the Department of Psychology. 


Nominations for University Research Professorships are made by UK faculty members and screened by a faculty committee appointed by the Vice President for Research. 



MEDIA CONTACT: Kathy Johnson, 859-257-3155

Cassis Named UK's Interim Vice President for Research

Fri, 05/09/2014 - 10:19


LEXINGTON, Ky. (May 9, 2014) –Lisa Cassis, professor and chair of the Department of Molecular and Biomedical Pharmacology, has been appointed to serve as the University of Kentucky's interim vice president for research, announced UK President Eli Capilouto. She will begin her term on June 2.


"Dr. Cassis is an exceptional scholar and is a noted leader in her field with an extensive research portfolio, focusing primarily on metabolic, vascular and obesity-associated diseases," said Capilouto. "She received broad support from her colleagues during my conversations with the deans and other stakeholders."


Cassis is also a faculty member of the UK Graduate Center for Nutritional Sciences, the Saha Cardiovascular Research Center, the Barnstable Brown Diabetes and Obesity Center and the College of Pharmacy.


She is currently principal investigator on several, multi-million dollar federal grants including serving as program director of an $11.3 million National Institutes of Health grant that supports the Center of Biomedical Research Excellence (COBRE) focusing on obesity and cardiovascular diseases.


Cassis earned a Bachelor of Science and Ph.D. in pharmacology from West Virginia University and held postdoctoral positions at the University of Wurzburg in Wurzburg, Germany, and the University of Virginia. 

WUKY's 'UK Perspectives' Explores New Book: 'The Historic Kentucky Kitchen'

Thu, 05/08/2014 - 20:16

LEXINGTON, Ky. (May 9, 2014) — WUKY's "UK Perspectives" focuses on the people and programs of the University of Kentucky and is hosted by WUKY General Manager Tom Godell.  Today's guest is Deirdre A. Scaggs of UK Libraries, co-author of a new book, "The Historic Kentucky Kitchen: Traditional Recipes for Today’s Cook," published by University Press of Kentucky at UK. 


To listen to the podcast interview from which "UK Perspectives" is produced, visit


"UK Perspectives" airs at 8:35 a.m. and 5:45 p.m. each Friday on WUKY 91.3, UK's NPR station.

Eastern Tent Caterpillars on the Move in Central Kentucky

Thu, 05/08/2014 - 17:07

LEXINGTON, Ky. (May 9, 2014) — Eastern tent caterpillars in Central Kentucky are mature, have dispersed from trees and are on the move, leading experts to advise horse farm managers to move pregnant mares, if practical, to avoid contact with the crawling caterpillars.


According to Lee Townsend, University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Food and Environment extension entomologist, populations are up in Central Kentucky this year.


“Mature eastern tent caterpillars leave trees in search of protected pupation sites, where they will spin cocoons and transform into adults. This dispersal is a normal part of their life cycle,” Townsend said. “These wandering caterpillars may move several hundred feet from the trees where they developed. The direction of travel tends to be random and directly related to air and ground temperatures. Movement will be slower when temperatures are cool and faster when they arewarm. The caterpillars wander for a period of time until internal hormones signal that it is time to stop and pupate.”


According to Townsend, wandering caterpillars orient to dark, vertical objects so they will often climb treetrunks and fence posts. Check fence posts and rails to monitor caterpillar movement. If caterpillars are around, they are likely to be on these objects. Activity is expected for the next two weeks.


“Insecticides are not very effective against large, dispersing caterpillars. They feed very little, ifany, so they are not going to consume treatments and little insecticide is picked up from treated grass or bare ground. Direct treatment of caterpillars may provide some control, but the effect is usually delayed,” he said.


The eastern tent caterpillar is active early each spring. It is an important insect in horsecountry due to its role in Mare Reproductive Loss Syndrome, which resulted in staggering losses of foals in the 1999-2001 outbreak. MRLS can cause late-term foal losses, early- and late-term fetal losses and weak foals. Subsequent studies by UK researchers revealed that horses will inadvertently eat the caterpillars, and the caterpillar hairs embed into the lining of the alimentary tract. Once that protective barrier is breached, normal alimentary tract bacteria may gain access to and reproduce in sites with reduced immunity, such as the fetus and placenta.



MEDIA CONTACT: Holly Wiemers, 859-257-2226.


UK Honors Outstanding Nurses During National Nurses Week

Thu, 05/08/2014 - 15:50

LEXINGTON, Ky, (May 9, 2014) − UK HealthCare nurses are being honored and celebrated with nurses across the nation this week as part of the annual National Nurses Week, which runs from May 6, known as National Nurses Day, through May 12, the birthday of Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing.


The week has included a series of receptions and presentations at different locations throughout the UK HealthCare enterprise, including an awards ceremony on Thursday, May 8, to recognize some of UK's brightest and most shining examples of excellence in the nursing profession.


"Our nursing vision is to 'lead the way for every patient every time,' said Colleen Swartz, chief nurse executive at UK HealthCare.”We celebrate our discipline’s unique role in making substantial contributions to the care we provide in a complex, high acuity environment with our interprofessional team of colleagues. We want to celebrate nursing's ability to lead in our patient-centered, cultural transformation."


The annual awards and their recipients include the following:    


The Diana Weaver Leadership/Management Award, named for Ms. Diana Weaver, Associate Hospital Director from 1984 to 1991, recognizes nurses who have excelled as dynamic and confident leaders in positions of management and administration. This year's recipient is Jill Dobias, clinical nurse specialist at Markey Cancer Center, most noted for her leadership capabilities, and as a model of excellence in every aspect of her practice.


The M.J. Dickson Quality Nursing Care Award, named for Mary Janice Dickson, executive hospital director from 1970 to 1979, recognizes nurses who demonstrate a commitment to professional nursing practice through high quality nursing standards. This year's recipient is Alice Carpenter, registered nurse in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), most noted for her clinical expertise and outstanding compassionate nursing care.


The AI UK Quilt of Teamwork Award recognizes an individual or group of professionals that support the practice of nursing at UK HealthCare. This year's award goes to the Emergency Department Pharmacy program (ED PharmD). The ED PharmD's have a significant impact on nursing care by providing just in time medication consultations, drug delivery during high acuity trauma care, and being available to collaborate with ED nurses regarding dosing and medication choices.  


The Nightingale Preceptor Lamp Award, named for Florence Nightingale, who spent her night rounds giving personal care to the wounded, establishing her image as 'the lady with the lamp,'  recognizes an experienced staff nurse who functions as a teacher, advocate, and role model in guiding, directing, and supervising the preceptee. This year's recipient is Christina King, a UK critical care nurse for more than 20 years, most noted for acting as a mentor and a preceptor to others, and one who seeks out learning opportunities for herself.


The Nursing Professional Advancement Award (NPA) is named to honor the professional contributions made in nursing. The award is bestowed to a nurse who demonstrates excellence in efficiency, quality and safety, service practice, and professional development and is based on portfolio presentation and score. This year's recipient is Tsitsi Gwanyanya, a registered critical care nurse in the Cardiothoracic and Vascular Intensive Care Unit with 22 years of experience.


The Karen E. Hall Nursing Education Award, so named for Karen E. Hall, staff development specialist and critical care nurse at UK from 1967 to 2010, recognizes a nurse who has demonstrated quality education to the nursing staff either in their unit or to the enterprise. This year's recipient is Sarah Quigley, registered nurse in the Cardiothoracic Vascular Intensive Care Unit (CTVICU). Quigley is noted for demonstrating quality education to her patients and co-workers as well as her role in the development of the Step Up for Ambulation Project.


A special award was announced for the first time this year. The Firestarter Award is named in recognition of Karen Sexton who served as the associate hospital director from 1992 to 2001. During her tenure, Sexton's values, interdisciplinary teambuilding and teamwork, organization-wide education and a commitment to excellence were evident in her leadership. Sexton was instrumental in UK's initial Magnet journey and the expansion of the airmedical program. She was a constant force for change at the bedside to improve the nurse and patient experience.


The first recipient of the Firestarter Award is Sarah Gabbard, a clinical nurse specialist in Trauma and Acute Care Surgical Services.


"Sarah was instrumental in leading the Nurse Sensitive Indicator (NSI) steering team initiatives for prevention of infections," said Kathleen Kopser, senior nurse administrator. "As a result of her persistence and efforts she made a significant impact on decreasing infection rates on the Trauma and Surgical Services service line.  She is the impetus in bringing together interdisciplinary teams that support nursing excellence initiatives.  Sarah stands firm in her conviction for leading the way for every patient, every time."


Media Contact: Ann Blackford at 859-323-6442 or


Celebrating UK Graduates: the 147th Commencement Ceremonies

Thu, 05/08/2014 - 12:53

A live stream of the 2014 May Commencement Ceremonies can be viewed here, beginning at 8:40 a.m., 12:40 p.m. and again at 5:40 p.m. Saturday, May 10. 


LEXINGTON, Ky. (May 9, 2014) — Tomorrow, University of Kentucky students will celebrate a different kind of victory in Rupp Arena, as they walk across a stage and officially become UK graduates. Graduate and professional degrees will be conferred at 9 a.m.; undergraduate degrees will be conferred at 1 p.m. and 6 p.m. All ceremonies will take place in Rupp Arena


The 147th Commencement Ceremonies will be streamed live here, and videos of each ceremony will be uploaded to the university's YouTube channel within two weeks following Commencement.


Saturday's ceremonies include:


9 a.m. — Graduate and Professional Ceremony


1 p.m. — Undergraduate Ceremony for the Colleges of: Agriculture, Food and Environment; the Gatton College of Business and Economics; Education; Engineering; and Nursing.


6 p.m. — Undergraduate Ceremony for the Colleges of: Arts and Sciences; Communication and Information; Design; Fine Arts; Health Sciences; and Social Work.


More than 2,100 undergraduates and 400 graduate and professional students are expected to participate in Saturday's exercises; overall approximately 2,818 undergraduate, 1,020 graduate and 448 professional degree candidates have been submitted to the UK Board of Trustees for approval.


UK President Eli Capilouto will deliver remarks at all three ceremonies. In addition and keeping with university tradition, a student will also address the crowd at the each of the undergraduate ceremonies.


Emily Willett, from Ormond Beach, Fla., is graduating Summa Cum Laude with a degree in management from the Gatton College of Business and Economics.  She will give the Commencement address in the 1 p.m. ceremony.


Willett is a third-generation UK student and has been involved in the UK Women's Choir (serving as president for one year); Paws and Listen (UK's female a capella group); UK Student GovernmentDanceBlue  (2013-14 corporate relations chair); and Alpha Delta Pi sorority.  She is also a campus tour guide and student director at the UK Visitor Center


Pooja Reddy from Glascow, Ky., is graduating Cum Laude with a degree in psychology from the UK College of Arts & Sciences. She has two minors, political science and international studies, and a global studies certificate. She will give the Commencement address in the 6 p.m. ceremony.


While at UK, Reddy has served as co-creator of the "Get Fit, Get Active" initiative, an effort to mobilize UK's campus, and as a peer mentor for the Emerging Leader Institute. She was the recipient of the "Wildcats in Washington" Congressional Scholarship and was chosen for the Freshman Leadership Development Program. She has worked with the World Health Organization headquarters under the Tobacco Free Initiative in Geneva, Switzerland, and completed a legislative internship with the House of Representatives in Washington, D.C. This semester she held a legislative internship in Frankfort under the Majority Caucus Chair. Reddy is also a member of Alpha Delta Pi sorority, the Indian Cultural Exchange Dance Team, and is an on-air DJ for WRFL, 88.1FM.


Read more about the two undergraduate student speakers.


Honorary Degrees

The University of Kentucky will also present honorary Doctor of Humanities degrees to Harrison B. Wilson Jr., who led Norfolk State University with distinction for 22 years, and UK alumnus, corporate leader and philanthropist Paul W. Chellgren at the 9 a.m. Graduate and Professional Commencement Ceremony.


Read more about the honorary degree recipients. 



The UK Alumni Association will host a Commencement Reception on Saturday, May 10, from 11 a.m.- 6 p.m. in Thoroughbred Rooms 5, 6, 7. More information at


Several colleges are holding individual receptions as well.


  • College of Communication & Information: Saturday, May 10, from 8:30-10 p.m. in the Thoroughbred Pre-Function Area of the Lexington Convention Center
  • College of Design: Friday, May 9, from 6-7 p.m. at the Livery (238 E Main Street)
  • UK Graduate School: Saturday, May 10, from 11 a.m.-1 p.m. (immediately following Graduate and Professional Ceremony) in the Bluegrass Ballroom
  • College of Public Health: Saturday, May 10, immediately following the Graduate and Professional ceremony (approximiately noon) in the College of Pharmacy atrium.


Visit for updated reception information.


Watch the live stream

Friends and family of graduates who cannot make it to Lexington do not have to miss out on this special event. UK is utilizing social media and other technology to bring Commencement directly to one’s computer or mobile device.


Both the graduate and professional students and undergraduate Commencement ceremonies will be streamed live online at, the university’s daily news website. Fifteen minutes prior to each ceremony's beginning, “Live from the Blue Carpet” will air and feature students and special guests as they prepare for Commencement, and will be hosted by UK students.


The graduate and professional student ceremony begins at 9 a.m., with the preshow starting at 8:45 a.m. The first undergraduate ceremony begins at 1 p.m., with the preshow beginning at 12:45 p.m. The second undergraduate ceremony begins at 6 p.m., with the preshow beginning at 5:45 p.m. 


Followers of UK’s Twitter account ( can follow along with the Commencement activities via live tweets prior to and during the event. Social media users are also encouraged to use the hashtag #ukgrad to honor all our graduates.


Graduates can view the ceremonies within two weeks after Commencement on the university’s YouTube site at



MEDIA CONTACT: Jenny Wells, 859-257-5343; or Sarah Geegan, 859-257-5365;