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KIPRC Study Examines Fatalities Among Foreign-Born and Native-Born Workers

Researchers from the Kentucky Injury and Prevention Center recently published the report “Characterization of Foreign-Born vs. Native-Born Worker Fatalities in Kentucky, 2001-2014” in theJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health. The authors of the study are Yailet Cruz, MPH; Dr. Terry Bunn, KIPRC Director and Associate Professor of Preventive Medicine and Environmental Health;Nancy Hanner, FACE Database Coordinator; and Dr. Svetla Slavova, Associate Professor of Biostatistics.

Information on foreign-born worker (FBW) and native-born worker (NBW) fatal injuries is scarce. The Kentucky Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation program analyzed 2001–2014 worker fatality data. The Kentucky FBW fatality rate was double the US FBW and NBW rates, and 50% higher than the Kentucky NBW fatality rate. FBW average age at death was 38 years; NBW age was 47 years. FBW deaths occurred in construction (26%) and services (22%) industries, and transportation [28% (54% due to semi truck crashes)] and construction [26%(48% due to roofing, scaffolding, and ladder-related falls)] occupations; in contrast, NBW deaths occurred in services (22%), and transportation (18%) industries, and transportation (25%) and management (20%) occupations, and were due to exposures to inanimate mechanical forces (38%), and transport accidents (30%). Enhanced FBW cultural competent interventions and policies are needed to prevent FBW occupational injuries, and improve FBW workplace safety and health.