What is Gerontology?
Gerontology is the study of all aspects of growing old. Our program involves an integrated and holistic perspective on this phenomenon that is encapsulated in the following programmatic statement. Each person traces a life path from birth to death. As the person’s life unfolds, the nature of his or her life path may be understood as a function of complex interactions between inherent processes of aging and the environmental circumstances of the individual’s life. Inherent processes of aging involve physiological changes, some of which are a function of genetics and are largely immutable (subject to the potential and constraints of recent advances in genetic engineering), and some of which can be influenced by behavior and lifestyle. The circumstances of an individual’s life involve many overlapping environmental factors, including, but not limited to location, life history, economic status, social context, gender and culture. During old age each person’s life path, while subject to normative physiological changes over which he or she can exert only limited control, is molded by individual choices and shaped by life circumstances. Although the eventual outcome is always death, some people experience a lengthy old age in good health in a nurturing environment, while others experience a much briefer period of old age characterized by ill health and environmental conditions that hasten death. There are a multitude of possible life path trajectories in old age. Gerontology is concerned with understanding the characteristics and determinants of individual life paths in old age. It involves all of the disciplines that impinge on this process, but necessitates their integration in a manner that transcends them all in developing a comprehensive perspective on the phenomenon of growing old.
What are the career opportunities for a person with a Ph.D. in Gerontology?
Most people who complete a Ph.D. in Gerontology proceed to post doctoral and faculty positions in public and private universities, research positions in the expanding field of health and health services research in the private sector, or to senior positions in government and health services administration.
Do I need a Master's Degree to get into the Gerontology program?
A Master's degree is recommended, but is not absolutely necessary for admission to our program. Applicants who hold only a Bachelor's degree are generally subject to more careful review to ensure that the level of scholarly development is appropriate for rigorous doctoral studies.
What do I need to do to apply?
Our website provides fairly detailed instructions, and applicants should read the instructions very carefully. It is not unusual, however, to have specific questions, and the Director of Graduate Studies should be contacted for assistance at any time during the application process.
What if I don't have a background in Gerontology?
Most of our students do not have degrees, or even certificates, in gerontology before entering the program. It would probably be fair to say, however, that nearly all have had formal coursework that either focused solely on some element of gerontology or had a strong aging component. It is from such coursework, or from assisting on faculty research projects involving gerontology, that students develop their scholarly interests and then decide to pursue doctoral studies.
Who should I get to write my letters of recommendation?
The best letters of recommendation come from individuals who can speak from direct experience about an applicant’s personal strengths and weaknesses, academic accomplishments, and potential in doctoral studies. Professors, advisors, or mentors would normally have this sort of knowledge of an applicant. Work supervisors and colleagues or personal friends generally cannot offer adequate assessments.
How long does it take to complete the program?
Assuming full-time status (i.e., a minimum of 9 credits hours per semester), all required coursework can be completed after two years, and the qualifying examination is commonly completed during the third year. The length of time necessary to complete the dissertation will vary among students; it may take as little as one year or as many as five years after the qualifying examination. So, the total time to degree after entry to the program may be as short as 3½ years or as long as eight years. We encourage a timeline of 4 to 5 years.
Is your program or any of its courses offered online or through distance learning?
The strong interdisciplinary focus of our program with its emphasis on direct interpersonal face-to-face dialogue (both formal and informal) among program participants is not conducive to an online format. We feel that education at the doctoral level entails full ongoing participation in a collegial environment where mentorship and the exchange of ideas are proximate and immediate. Direct interaction among students and high levels of collaborative work with faculty members in both laboratory and field situations are key features of the program. Consequently, our program currently has no online options.
What affiliations do you have with other units on campus?
The interdisciplinary nature of our curriculum and the research interests of our faculty have resulted in an array of strong connections across the University of Kentucky. Our current affiliated faculty are drawn from twenty-seven departments within eight colleges.
Is your program accredited?
The purpose of accreditation is to ensure nationally comparable levels of quality and content in professional training programs. The Ph.D. is not a professional degree that requires accreditation, rather it is a research-based degree that allows degree holders to enter any number of professional and academic careers. There is currently no accreditation criteria for Gerontology.
Are the GREs required?
Yes. And to ensure the best and fairest possible evaluation across all applicants, the GRE should have been taken within 5 years prior to expected entry to the program.
Do you also offer a certificate in Gerontology?
A Graduate Certificate in Gerontology is available at the University of Kentucky. For information about this course of study, contact: Dr. Graham Rowles
Are there courses I can take to prepare me for the program?
Any courses that have some focus on aging or the elderly population would be beneficial as preparation for doctoral studies in gerontology. Of similar value would be coursework on appropriate research methods and design.
Is there a specific form to be used for application to the program? Is there a specific form for the personal statement?
A standard form, available online from the Graduate School, is required of all graduate student applicants to the University. There is no particular form for an applicant’s personal statement.
Is financial aid available?
Absolutely. We strive to provide full funding (tuition, fees, insurance, and stipend) to all full-time students admitted to our program.
What is the appropriate format for letters of recommendation?
We do not have a specific form for referees to fill out. Instead, we require letters, preferably on letterhead, that can effectively address an applicant’s strengths and weaknesses in an academic setting, compare the applicant to other students of similar class standing, and assess his or her potential of success in completing a rigorous doctoral program and continuing in a career involving gerontology.
How many of my courses can I transfer into the doctoral program?
The Graduate Student does not allow courses to be transferred for use toward doctoral degrees. It is, however, not necessary to officially transfer credits to the University; any graduate courses taken at other universities may be used toward the degree if they exhibit relevance to the student’s study plan. Such courses must be approved by the student’s advisory committee and the Director of Graduate Studies (DGS).