The tools have been developed and organized around five broad-ranging content threads: Communication, Utilization of Technology, Primary & Secondary Research, Experiential Learning, and Culture & Identity. These threads have been chosen for their appropriateness to education abroad programming. Communication is inclusive of language learning and intercultural communication. Utilization of technology includes computer-assisted instruction as well as popular forms of on-line communication such as blogging. Primary or field research refers to collecting data in the international context through questionnaires, interviews or forms of ethnographic inquiry. These tools will typically involve supplemental secondary research. Experiential learning refers to those activities that involve experience and reflection, such as journaling and similar forms of analytical writing. Culture and identity is inclusive of activities relating to cultural learning and identity development. The content threads are displayed below. Click on a thread to view the tools in that category.