Table of Contents
Last updated February 24, 2000
SPRING 2000 THEORY WORKBOOK
THEORY OF PRODUCTIVITY
Explanation of Theory: The amount a group works towards unifying goals or tasks.
Theorists: C. Pavitt and E. Curtis
Article: Pavitt, C., & Curtis, E. (1994).
Small Group Discussion: A Theoretical Approach (2nd ed.). Scottsdale, AR:
Interpretations: Productivity is best explained
by combining the theory of productivity and systems theory together
Assumptions: The theory of Productivity is humanistic in nature.
The group decides the goal with which they are working towards. Each
member then has the choice to gage their amount of group participation.
Assumptions: Productivity is scientific because it states that groups work
towards a unifying goal.
Assumptions: Value neutral
Explanatory Power: Productivity offers a good
understanding of how and where cohesion stems from in a group. It also
Predicative Power: Yes the theory helps predict where cohesion and productivity come from, through the use of systems theory.
Parsimony: Yes, the theory is simple but in its simplicity it helps explain a human behavior.
This theory could be tested through the use of ethnographic research, looking
at the input, processes, and output
Internal Consistency: I have stated yet, the theory of Productivity is an extension of the Systems Theory.
Heuristic Provocativness: Future research and research questions could deal with the level of cohesion and the levels of productivity. This theory offers numerous avenues for future research.
and Implications: With the idea of productivity
we can look at the systems theory to help discuss how groups work towards
a unifying goal, and how this builds cohesion within the group.
When a group first forms the individual begin to get to know each other
and norms begin to become established. While
Location in Eight (8) Primary Communication Theory Textbooks:
Anderson, R., & Ross, V. (1998). Questions of communication: A practical introduction to theory (2nd ed.). New York: St. Martin's Press. N/A
Cragan, J. F., & Shields, D.C. (1998). Understanding communication theory: The communicative forces for human action. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon. N/A
Griffin, E. (2000). A first look at communication theory (4th ed.). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill. 31-22, 26, 31.
Griffin, E. (1997). A first look at communication theory (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill. N/A
Infante, D. A., Rancer, A. S., & Womack, D. F. (1997). Building communication theory (3rd ed.). Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press. 305
Littlejohn, S. W. (1999). Theories of human communication (6th ed). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. 288
West, R., & Turner, L. H. (2000). Introducing communication theory: Analysis and application. Mountain View, CA: Mayfield. 27-28, 197-198.
Wood, J. T. (1997). Communication theories in action: An introduction.
Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. N/A