Table of Contents
Last updated February 14, 2001
SPRING 2001 THEORY WORKBOOK
Explanation of Theory:
The Transtheoretical Model suggests that, although people realize they need to make changes in their life, they do it in stages instead of one major life change. During these stages the person thinks about the problem, considers what to do, and decides whether or not to take action.
Theorist: Diclemente, Norcross & Prochaska
Prochaska, J.O., Diclemente C.C., & Norcross, J.C. (1992). In search of how people change: Applications to addictive behaviors. American Psychology 47, 1102-14.
Transtheoretical Model is basically a model of change. This model consists
of two main parts; the stages of change and the processes of change. There
are five main stages of change: precontemplation, contemplation, preparation,
action and maintenance. Some theorists believe that there should
be a sixth stage called
believe that the Transtheoretical Model is both a scientific and a humanistic
theory. However, we think that the model has more stronger implications
and uses when viewed at from a scientific perspective. Here is a
brief list of the modelís metatheoretical
This theory is basically comprised of one truth because it applies to most
Even though we feel this theory has both a humanistic and a scientific perspective to offer, we used Chaffee and Bergerís Scientific Criteria for this analysis.
Power: Strong; this theory relies on itsí ability to provide plausible
explanations for both itsí major components, stages of change and processes
According to these criteria, the Transtheoretical Model is an effective and useful scientific theory.
Ideas and Implications:
possible implication for this theory within a health context would be to
use the model as a framework for an intervention program targeting
example of a particular intervention program targeting obesity in elementary
aged children would use the model as
Bowdy, M. (1998). The cues to behavior change
model: integration of the health
Prochaska, J.O., DiClemente, C.C., & Norcross, J.C. (1992). In search of how people change: applications to addictive behaviors. American Psychologist 47(9): 1102-1112.
Location in Eight (8) Primary Communication Theory Textbooks:
Anderson, R., & Ross, V. (1998). Questions of communication: A practical introduction to theory (2nd ed.). New York: St. Martin's Press. N/A
Cragan, J. F., & Shields, D.C. (1998). Understanding communication theory: The communicative forces for human action. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon. N/A
Griffin, E. (2000). A first look at communication theory (4th ed.). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill. N/A
Griffin, E. (1997). A first look at communication theory (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill. N/A
Infante, D. A., Rancer, A. S., & Womack, D. F. (1997). Building communication theory (3rd ed.). Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press. N/A
Littlejohn, S. W. (1999). Theories of human communication (6th ed). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. N/A
West, R., & Turner, L. H. (2000). Introducing communication theory: Analysis and application. Mountain View, CA: Mayfield. N/A
Wood, J. T. (1997). Communication theories in action: An introduction.
Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. N/A