Table of Contents
Last updated February 14, 2001
SPRING 2001 THEORY WORKBOOK
Explanation of Theory: "Members of collectivistic, high-context cultures have concerns for mutual face and inclusion that lead them to manage conflict with another person by avoiding, obliging, or compromising. Because of concerns for self-face and autonomy, people from individualistic, low-context cultures manage conflict by dominating or through problem solving" (Griffin, p. 496).
Theorists: Stella Ting-Toomey
Article:Stella Ting-Toomey, "Toward a Theory
of Conflict and Culture," in Communication, Culture & Organizational
processes, William B. Gudykunst, L.P. Steward, and Stella Ting-Toomey (eds.),
Sage, Beverly Hills, California, 1985, pg. 71-86
Interpretations:Whenever two people meet for
the first time, there is uncertainty accompanied by feelings of uneasiness
known as anxiety. These feelings are heightened whenever there is
an intercultural encounter between.
Explanatory: Face-Negotiation has excellent explanatory power, it
explains human behavior in cross-cultural communication and explains
differences in high and low context cutlures.
Location in Eight (8) Primary Communication Theory Textbooks:
Anderson, R., & Ross, V. (1998). Questions of communication: A practical introduction to theory (2nd ed.). New York: St. Martin's Press. N/A
Cragan, J. F., & Shields, D.C. (1998). Understanding communication theory: The communicative forces for human action. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon. 276-277
Griffin, E. (2000). A first look at communication theory (4th ed.). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill. 406-419
Griffin, E. (1997). A first look at communication theory (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill. 419-431
Infante, D. A., Rancer, A. S., & Womack, D. F. (1997). Building communication theory (3rd ed.). Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press. N/A
Littlejohn, S. W. (1999). Theories of human communication (6th ed). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. N/A
West, R., & Turner, L. H. (2000). Introducing communication theory: Analysis and application. Mountain View, CA: Mayfield. 361-374
Wood, J. T. (1997). Communication theories in action: An introduction.
Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. N/A