theory is a way of making sense of a disturbing situation"
represent tentative solutions to problems."
theory is a generalization about a phenomenon, an explanation of how or
why something occurs. Indeed, any statments that explain what is
measured or described--any general statements about cause or effect--are
theory based, at least implicitly.
generalization about a phenomenon that explains how or why the phenomenon
Botan, Friedman, & Kreps (1991)
power of a theory is its ability to connect events into a unifed web.
gives a theory its power is not the declarative statements it consists
of but rather the relationship among those statements. It is the
form of the relationship among statements rather than the individual statements
themesleves that distinguish between theory and description."