Publications by Albert Bandura

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1953

Benton, A. L., & Bandura, A. (1953). "Primary" and "secondary" suggestibility. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 43, 336-340. [The professor's historic first article, published with Art Benton, his doctoral adviser at the University of Iowa (then State University of Iowa] Go to top of page


1954

Bandura, A. (1954). The Rorschach white space response and "oppositional" behavior. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 18, 17-21.

Bandura, A. (1954). The Rorschach white space response and perceptual reversal. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 48, 113-117.


1956

Bandura, A. (1956). Psychotherapists' anxiety level, self-insight, and psychotherapeutic competence. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 52, 333-337. Go to top of page


1957

Bandura, A. (1957). Review of case studies in childhood emotional disabilities (Vol. 2) by G. Gardner. Contemporary Psychology, 2, 14-15.


1958

Bandura, A. (1958). Child-rearing patterns associated with adolescent aggressive disorders. In Physical and Behavioral Growth. Columbus, OH: Ross Laboratories.

Bandura, A., & Walters, R. H. (1958). Dependency conflicts in aggressive delinquents. Journal of Social Issues, 14, 52-65. Go to top of page


1959

Bandura, A., & Walters, R. H. (1959). Adolescent aggression. New York: Ronald Press.
[purchase at amazon.com]


1960

Bandura, A., Lipsher, D. H., & Miller, P. E. (1960). Psychotherapists' approach- avoidance reactions to patients' expression of hostility. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 24, 1-8.


1961

Bandura, A. (1961). Psychotherapy as a learning process. Psychological Bulletin, 58, 143-159.

Bandura, A., & Huston, A. C. (1961). Identification as a process of incidental learning. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 63, 311-318.

Bandura, A., Ross, D., & Ross, S. A. (1961). Transmission of aggression through imitation of aggressive models. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 63, 575-582. [This is a classic article in the history of psychology. In it, Bandura introduces the Bobo Doll experiments.] Go to top of page


1962

Bandura, A. (1962). Comments on Dr. Epstein's paper. In M. R. Jones (Ed.), Nebraska Symposium on Motivation. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press.

Bandura, A. (1962). Punishment revisited. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 26, 298-301.

Bandura, A. (1962). Social learning through imitation. In M . R. Jones (Ed.), Nebraska Symposium on Motivation. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Bandura, A., & Winder, C. L., Ahmad, F. Z., & Rau, L. C. (1962). Dependency of patients, psychotherapists' responses, and aspects of psychotherapy. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 26, 129-134. Go to top of page


1963

Bandura, A. (1963). Behavior theory and indemnificatory learning. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 33, 591-601.

Bandura, A. (1963). The role of imitation in personality, The Journal of Nursery Education, 18(3).

Bandura, A., & McDonald, F. J. (1963). The influence of social reinforcement and the behavior of models in shaping children's moral judgments. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 67, 274-281.

Bandura, A., Ross, D., & Ross, S. A. (1963). A comparative test of the status envy, social power, and secondary reinforcement theories of identificatory learning. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 67, 527-534.

Bandura, A., Ross, D., & Ross, S. A. (1963). Imitation of film-mediated aggressive models. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 66, 3-11. [This is a classic article in the history of psychology.

Bandura, A., Ross, D., & Ross, S. A. (1963). Vicarious reinforcement and imitative learning. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 67, 601-607.

Bandura, A., & Walters, R. H. (1963). Aggression. In Child psychology: The sixty-second yearbook of the national society for the study of education, Part I. Chicago: The National Society for the Study of Education.

Bandura, A., & Walters, R. H. (1963). Social learning and personality development. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
[purchase at amazon.com] Go to top of page


1964

Bandura, A. (1964). The stormy decade: Fact or fiction? Psychology in the Schools, 1, 224-231.

Bandura, A., & Kupers, C. J. (1964). Transmission of patterns of self-reinforcement through modeling. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 69, 1-9.


1965

Bandura, A. (1965). Behavioral modification through modeling procedures. In L. Krasner & L. P. Ullman (Eds.), Research in behavior modification. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.

Bandura, A. (1965). Influence of models' reinforcement contingencies on the acquisition of imitative responses. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1, 589-595.

Bandura, A. (1965). Vicarious processes: A case of no-trial learning. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 2, pp. 1-55). New York: Academic Press.

Bandura, A., & Mischel, W. (1965). Modification of self-imposed delay of reward through exposure to live and symbolic models. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2, 698-705. [A pioneering study of the social origins of children's self-motivation and self-regulation] Go to top of page


1966

Bandura, A. (1966). Role of vicarious learning in personality development. Proceedings of the XVIIIth International Congress of Psychology: Social factors in the development of personality. Moscow, USSR.

Bandura, A., & Harris, M . B. (1966). Modification of syntactic style. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 4, 341-352.

Bandura, A., Grusec, J. E., & Menlove, F. L. (1966). Observational learning as a function of symbolization and incentive set. Child Development, 37, 499-506.

Bandura, A., & Rosenthal, T. L. (1966). Vicarious classical conditioning as a function of arousal level. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 3, 54-62.

Bandura, A., & Whalen, C. K. (1966). The influence of antecedent reinforcement and divergent modeling cues on patterns of self-reward. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 3, 373-382. Go to top of page


1967

Bandura, A. (1967). Behavioral psychotherapy. Scientific American, 216, 78-86.

Bandura, A. (1967). The role of modeling processes in personality development. In W. W. Hartup & N. L. Smothergill (Eds.), The young child. Washington, DC: National Association for the Education of Young Children.

Bandura, A., Grusec, J. E., & Menlove, F. L. (1967). Some social determinants of self-monitoring reinforcement systems. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 5, 449-455.

Bandura, A., Grusec, J. E., & Menlove, F. L. (1967). Vicarious extinction of avoidance behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 5, 16-23.

Bandura, A., & Perloff, B. (1967). Relative efficacy of self-monitored and externally imposed reinforcement systems. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 7, 111-116. Go to top of page


1968

Bandura, A. (1968). A social learning interpretation of psychological dysfunctions. In P. London & D. L. Rosenhan (Eds.), Foundations of abnormal psychology. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.

Bandura, A. (1968). Imitation. In D. L. Sills (Ed.), International encyclopedia of the social sciences (Vol. 7). New York: Macmillan.

Bandura, A. (1968). Modeling approaches to the modification of phobic disorders. In R. Porter (Ed.), The role of learning in psychotherapy: Ciba Foundation Symposium. London: Churchill.

Bandura, A. (1968). On empirical disconfirmations of equivocal deductions with insufficient data. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 32, 247-249.

Bandura, A. (1968). Reinforcement therapy: An antidote for therapeutic pessimism. (Review of Reinforcement Therapy by O. I. Lovaas). Contemporary Psychology, 13, 36-39.

Bandura, A., & Menlove, F. L. (1968). Factors determining vicarious extinction of avoidance behavior through symbolic modeling. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 8, 99-108. Go to top of page


1969

Bandura, A. (1969). Principles of behavior modification. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston. [purchase at amazon.com]

Bandura, A. (1969). Social learning of moral judgments. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 11, 275-279.

Bandura, A. (1969). Social-learning theory of identificatory processes. In D. A. Goslin (Ed.), Handbook of socialization theory and research (pp. 213-262). Chicago: Rand McNally.

Bandura, A., Blanchard, E. B., & Ritter, B. (1969). Relative efficacy of desensitization and modeling approaches for inducing behavioral, affective, and attitudinal changes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 13, 173-199. Go to top of page


1970

Bandura, A. (1970). Modeling theory: Some traditions, trends, and disputes. In W. S. Sahakian (Ed.), Psychology of learning: Systems, models, and theories. Chicago: Markham.


1971

Bandura, A. (1971). Analysis of modeling processes. In A. Bandura (Ed.), Psychological modeling: Conflicting theories. Chicago: Aldine-Atherton.

Bandura, A. (1971). Behavior therapy from a social learning perspective. Proceedings of the XIXth International Congress of Psychology. London, England.

Bandura, A. (1971). Psychotherapy based upon modeling principles. In A. E. Bergin & S. L. Garfield (Eds.), Handbook of psychotherapy and behavior change (pp. 653-708). New York: Wiley.

Bandura, A. (1971). Social learning theory. New York: General Learning Press.

Bandura, A. (1971). Vicarious and self-reinforcement processes. In R. Glaser (Ed.), The nature of reinforcement (pp. 228-278). New York: Academic Press. [Classic]

Bandura, A. (Ed.). (1971). Psychological modeling: Conflicting theories. New York: Aldine-Atherton. [purchase at amazon.com]

Bandura, A., & Barab, P. G. (1971). Conditions governing nonreinforced imitation. Developmental Psychology, 5, 244-255. Go to top of page


1972

Bandura, A. (1972). Socialization. Lexikon der Psychologie, Band III. Freiburg im Breisgau: Herder.

Mahoney, M. J., & Bandura, A. (1972). Self-reinforcement in pigeons. Learning and Motivation, 3, 93-303.


1973

Bandura, A. (1973). Aggression: A social learning analysis. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall . [read excerpt]
[purchase at amazon.com]

Bandura, A. (1973). Institutionally sanctioned violence. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 2, 23-24.

Bandura, A. (1973). Social learning theory of aggression. In J. F. Knutson (Ed.), The control of aggression: Implications from basic research. Chicago: Aldine.

Bandura, A., & Barab, P. G. (1973). Processes governing disinhibitory effects through symbolic modeling. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 82, 1-9.

Bandura, A., & Jeffery, R. W. (1973). Role of symbolic coding and rehearsal processes in observational learning. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 26, 122-130. Go to top of page


1974

Bandura, A. (1974). Behavior theory and the models of man. American Psychologist, 29, 859-869.

Bandura, A. (1974). The case of the mistaken dependent variable. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 83, 301-303.

Bandura, A. (1974). The process and practice of participant modeling treatment. In J. H. Cullen [Ed.], Experimental behaviour: A basis for the study of mental disturbance. Dublin, Ireland: Irish University Press.

Bandura, A., Jeffery, R. W., & Bachicha, D. L. (1974). Analysis of memory codes and cumulative rehearsal in observational learning. Journal of Research in Personality, 7, 295-305.

Bandura, A., Jeffery, R. W., & Wright, C. L. (1974). Efficacy of participant modeling as a function of response induction aids. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 83, 56-64.

Bandura, A., & Mahoney, M. J. (1974). Maintenance and transfer of self-reinforcement functions. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 12, 89-97.

Bandura, A., Mahoney, M. J., Dirks, S. J., & Wright, C. L. (1974). Relative preference for external and self-controlled reinforcement in monkeys. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 12, 157-163.

Mahoney, M. J., Bandura, A., Dirks, S. J., & Wright, C. L. (1974). Relative preference for external and self-controlled reinforcement in monkeys. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 12, 157-163. Go to top of page


1975

Bandura, A. (1975). The ethics and social purposes of behavior modification. In C. M. Franks & G. T. Wilson (Eds.), Annual review of behavior therapy theory and practice (Vol. 3). New York: Brunner/Mazel.

Bandura, A., Jeffery, R. W., & Gajdos, E. (1975). Generalizing change through participant modeling with self-directed mastery. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 13, 141-152.

Bandura, A., Underwood, B., & Fromson, M. E. (1975). Disinhibition of aggression through diffusion of responsibility and dehumanization of victims, Journal of Research in Personality, 9, 253-269 . Go to top of page


1976

Bandura, A. (1976). Effecting change through participant modeling. In J. D. Krumboltz & C. E. Thoresen (Eds.), Counseling methods. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.

Bandura, A. (1976). New perspectives on violence. In V. C. Vaughan, III & T. B. Brazelton (Eds.), The family. Chicago: Year Book Medical Publishers.

Bandura, A. (1976). Observational learning. Proceedings of the XXIst International Congress of Psychology, Paris, France. (Abstract)

Bandura, A. (1976). Self-reinforcement: Theoretical and methodological considerations. Behaviorism, 4, 135-155. [Bandura's classic exposition of the process of self-reinforcement]

Bandura, A. (1976). Social learning analysis of aggression. In E. Ribes-Inesta & A. Bandura (Eds.), Analysis of delinquency and aggression. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Bandura, A. (1976). Social learning perspective on behavior change. In A. Burton (Ed.), What makes behavior change possible? (pp. 34-57). New York: Brunner/Mazel.

Bandura, A., Mahoney, M. J., & Dirks, S. J. (1976). Discriminative activation and maintenance of contingent self-reinforcement. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 14, 1-6.

Bandura, A., & Ribes-Inesta, E. (Eds.) (1976). Analysis of delinquency and aggression. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. [purchase at amazon.com] Go to top of page


1977

Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84, 191-215. [This is Bandura's seminal article in which he introduced the construct of self-efficacy.]

Bandura, A. (1977). Self-reinforcement: The power of positive personal control. In P. G. Zimbardo & F. L. Ruch (Eds.), Psychology and life (9th ed.). Glenview, IL: Scott Foresman.

Bandura, A. (1977). Social learning theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. [purchase at amazon.com]

Bandura, A. (1977). Social learning theory. In B. B. Wolman & L. R. Pomroy (Eds.), International encyclopedia of psychiatry, psychology, psychoanalysis, and neurology (Vol. 10). New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Bandura, A., & Adams, N. E. (1977). Analysis of self-efficacy theory of behavioral change. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 1, 287-308.

Bandura, A., Adams, N. E., & Beyer, J. (1977). Cognitive processes mediating behavioral change. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 35, 125-139.

Bandura, A., & Simon, K. M. (1977). The role of proximal intentions in self-regulation of refractory behavior. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 1, 177-193. Go to top of page


1978

Bandura, A. (1978). On distinguishing between logical and empirical verification. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 19, 97-99.

Bandura, A. (1978). On paradigms and recycled ideologies. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 2, 79-103.

Bandura, A. (1978). Perceived effectiveness: An explanatory mechanism of behavioral change. In G. Lindzey, C. S. Hall, & R. F. Thompson (Eds.), Psychology. New York: Worth.

Bandura, A. (1978). Reflections on self-efficacy. In S. Rachman (Ed.), Advances in behavior research and therapy (Vol. 1., pp. 237-269). Oxford: Pergamon.

Bandura, A. (1978). The self-system in reciprocal determinism, American Psychologist, 33, 344-358 . [Classic article in the history of psychology.]

Bandura, A. (1978). Social learning theory of aggression. Journal of Communication, 28, 12-29.

Rosenthal, T. L., & Bandura, A. (1978). Psychological modeling: Theory and practice. In S. L. Garfield & A. E. Bergin (Eds.), Handbook of psychotherapy and behavior change: An empirical analysis (2nd ed., pp. 621-658). New York: Wiley.

In 1978 Professor Bandura delivered a talk on aggression to campus alumni at Stanford University. The talk included remarks on terrorism. On October of that year, the Stanford Observer adapted his talk for publication. As you will see, the Professor's comments are especially relevant three decades later.


1979

Bandura, A. (1979). On ecumenism in research perspectives. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 3, 245-248.

Bandura, A. (1979). Psychological mechanisms of aggression. In M. VonCranach, K. Foppa, W. LePenies, & D. Ploog (Eds.), Human ethology: Claims and limits of a new discipline. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bandura, A. (1979). Self-referent mechanisms in social learning theory. American Psychologist, 34, 439-441. Go to top of page


1980

Bandura, A. (1980). Gauging the relationship between self-efficacy judgment and action. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 4, 263-268.

Bandura, A., Adams, N. E., Hardy, A. B., & Howells, G. N. (1980). Tests of the generality of self-efficacy theory. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 4, 39-66. [Important piece looking at generality of self-efficacy across different areas of functioning] Go to top of page


1981

Bandura, A. (1981). In search of pure unidirectional determinants. Behavior Therapy, 12, 30-40.

Bandura, A. (1981). Self-referent thought: A developmental analysis of self-efficacy. In J. H. Flavell & L. Ross (Eds.), Social cognitive development: Frontiers and possible futures (pp. 200-239). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bandura, A., & Schunk, D. H. (1981). Cultivating competence, self-efficacy and intrinsic interest through proximal self-motivation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 41, 586-598. Go to top of page


1982

Bandura, A. (1982). The assessment and predictive generality of self-percepts of efficacy. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 13, 195-199.

Bandura, A. (1982). Psychology of chance encounters and life paths, American Psychologist, 37, 747-755. [Classic article in the history of psychology.]

Bandura, A. (1982). The self and mechanisms of agency. In J. Suls (Ed.), Psychological perspectives on the self (Vol. 1, pp. 3-39). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Bandura, A. (1982). Self-efficacy mechanism in human agency. American Psychologist, 37, 122-147. [A classic article published in APA's flagship journal]

Bandura, A., Reese, L., & Adams, N. E. (1982). Microanalysis of action and fear arousal as a function of differential levels of perceived self-efficacy. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 43, 5-21.

Carroll, W. R., & Bandura, A. (1982). The role of visual monitoring in observational learning of action patterns: Making the unobservable observable. Journal of Motor Behavior, 14, 153-167.

Telch, M. J., Bandura, A., et al. (1982). Social demand for consistency and congruence between self-efficacy and performance, Behavior Therapy, 13, 694-701. Go to top of page


1983

Bandura, A. (1983). Psychological mechanisms of aggression. In R. G. Geen & E. Donnerstein (Eds.), Aggression: Theoretical and empirical reviews (pp. 1-40). New York: Academic Press.

Bandura, A. (1983). Self-efficacy determinants of anticipated fears and calamities. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 464-469.

Bandura, A. (1983). Temporal dynamics and decomposition of reciprocal determinism: A reply to Phillips and Orton. Psychological Review, 90, 166-170.

Bandura, A., & Cervone, D. (1983). Self-evaluative and self-efficacy mechanisms governing the motivational effects of goal systems. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 1017-1028. Go to top of page


1984

Bandura, A. (1984). Recycling misconceptions of perceived self-efficacy. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 8, 231-255.

Bandura, A. (1984). Representing personal determinants in causal structures. Psychological Review, 91, 508-511.

Bussey, K., & Bandura, A. (1984). Influence of gender constancy and social power on sex-linked modeling. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 47, 1292-1302. Go to top of page


1985

Bandura, A. (1985). Explorations in self-efficacy. In S. Sukemune (Ed.), Advances in social learning theory. Tokyo: Kaneko-shoho.

Bandura, A. (1985). Model of causality in social learning theory. In S. Sukemune (Ed.), Advances in social learning theory. Tokyo: Kaneko-Shoho. [Reprinted in Bandura, A. (1985). Model of causality in social learning theory. In M. J. Mahoney & A. Freeman (Eds.), Cognition and psychotherapy (pp. 81-99). Plenum Publishing Corporation.]

Bandura, A. (1985). Observational learning. In S. Sukemune (Ed.), Advances in social learning theory. Tokyo: Kaneko-shoho.

Bandura, A. (1985). Reciprocal determinism. In S. Sukemune (Ed.), Advances in social learning theory. Tokyo: Kaneko-shoho.

Bandura, A., Taylor, C. B., Williams, S. L, Mefford, I. N., & Barchas, J. D. (1985). Catecholamine secretion as a function of perceived coping self-efficacy. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 53, 406-414.

Carroll, W. R., & Bandura, A. (1985). Role of timing of visual monitoring and motor rehearsal in observational learning of action patterns. Journal of Motor Behavior, 17, 269-281.

Taylor, C. B., Bandura, A., Ewart, C. K., Miller, N. H., & DeBusk, R. F. (1985). Exercise testing to enhance wives' confidence in their husbands' cardiac capabilities soon after clinically uncomplicated acute myocardial infarction. American Journal of Cardiology, 55, 635-638. Go to top of page


1986

Bandura, A. (1986). Fearful expectations and avoidant actions as coeffects of perceived self-inefficacy. American Psychologist, 41, 1389-1391.

Bandura, A. (1986). From thought to action: Mechanisms of personal agency. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 15, 1-17.

Bandura, A. (1986). The explanatory and predictive scope of self-efficacy theory. Journal of Clinical and Social Psychology, 4, 359-373.

Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. [Bandura puts forth the key tenets of his social cognitive theory, including the construct of self-efficacy] [purchase at amazon.com]

Bandura, A. (1986).The social learning perspective: Mechanisms of aggression. In H. Toch (Ed.), Psychology of crime and criminal justice (pp. 198-236). Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press.

Bandura, A., & Cervone, D. (1986). Differential engagement of self-reactive influences in cognitive motivation. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 38, 92-113. Go to top of page


1987

Bandura, A., O'Leary, A., Taylor, C. B., Gauthier, J., & Gossard, D. (1987). Perceived self-efficacy and pain control: Opiod and nonopioid mechanisms. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53, 563-571.

Carroll, W. R., & Bandura, A. (1987). Cognitive determinants of observational learning: A casual analysis. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 25, 352. [brief abstract for papers presented at the annual meetings of the Psychonomic Society]

Carroll, W. R., & Bandura, A. (1987). Translating cognition into action: The role of visual guidance in observational learning. Journal of Motor Behavior, 19, 385-398. Go to top of page


1988

Bandura, A. (1988). Organizational applications of social cognitive theory. Australian Journal of Management, 13, 275-302.

Bandura, A. (1988). Perceived self-efficacy: Exercise of control through self-belief. In J. P. Dauwalder, M. Perrez, & V. Hobi (Eds.), Annual series of European research in behavior therapy (Vol. 2, pp. z27-59). Amsterdam/Lisse, Netherlands: Swets & Zeitlinger.

Bandura, A. (1988). Self-efficacy conception of anxiety. Anxiety Research, 1, 77-98.

Bandura, A. (1988). Self-regulation of motivation and action through goal systems. In V. Hamilton, G. H. Bower, & N. H. Frijda (Eds.), Cognitive perspectives on emotion and motivation (pp. 37-61). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Bandura, A., Cioffi, D., Taylor, C. B., & Brouillard, M. E. (1988). Perceived self-efficacy in coping with cognitive stressors and opioid activation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 55, 479-488.

Carroll, W. R., & Bandura, A. (1988). Effect of factors and motor rehearsal on observational learning. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 26, 492. [brief abstract for papers presented at the annual meetings of the Psychonomic Society] Go to top of page


1989

Bandura, A. (1989). A social cognitive theory of action. In J. P. Forgas & M. J. Innes (Eds.), Recent advances in social psychology: An international perspective (pp. 127-138). North Holland: Elsevier.

Bandura, A. (1989). Human agency in social cognitive theory. American Psychologist, 44, 1175-1184. [This is a classic in the history of psychology.]

Bandura, A. (1989). Perceived self-efficacy in the exercise of control over AIDS infection. In V. M. Mays, G. W . Albee, & S. F. Schneider (Eds.), The primary prevention of AIDS: Psychological approaches (pp. 128-141). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Bandura, A. (1989). Perceived self-efficacy in the exercise of personal agency. The Psychologist: Bulletin of the British Psychological Society, 2, 411-424.

Bandura, A. (1989). Regulation of cognitive processes through perceived self-efficacy . Developmental Psychology, 25, 725-739 (html).

Bandura, A. (1989). Self-regulation of motivation and action through internal standards and goal systems. In L. A. Pervin (Ed.), Goals concepts in personality and social psychology (pp. 19-85). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Bandura, A. (1989). Social cognitive theory. In E. Barnouw (Ed.), International encyclopedia of communications (Vol. 4, pp. 92-96). New York: Oxford University Press.

Bandura, A. (1989). Social cognitive theory. In R. Vasta (Ed.), Annals of child development. Vol. 6. Six theories of child development (pp. 1-60). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.

Bandura, A. (1989). Social cognitive theory of mass communication. In J. Groebel & P. Winterhoff-Spurk (Eds.), Empirische Medienpsychologie (pp. 7-32). Munich, Germany: Psychologie Verlags Union.

Bandura, A., & Wood, R. E. (1989). Effect of perceived controllability and performance standards on self-regulation of complex decision-making. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 56, 805-814.

Wood, R. E., & Bandura, A. (1989). Impact of conceptions of ability on self-regulatory mechanisms and complex decision making. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 56, 407-415.

Wood, R. E., & Bandura, A. (1989). Social cognitive theory of organizational management. Academy of Management Review, 14, 361-384. Go to top of page


1990

Bandura, A. (1990). Mechanisms of moral disengagement. In W. Reich (Ed.), Origins of terrorism: Psychologies, ideologies, theologies, states of mind (pp. 161-191). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bandura, A. (1990). Multidimensional scales of perceived academic efficacy. Stanford University, Stanford, CA. [these scales have subsequently been published in Bandura, A. (2006). Guide for constructing self-efficacy scales. In F. Pajares & T. Urdan (Eds.). Self-efficacy beliefs of adolescents, (Vol. 5., pp. 307-337). Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.]

Bandura, A. (1990). Perceived self-efficacy in the exercise of control over AIDS infection. Evaluation & Program Planning, 13, 9-17.

Bandura, A. (1990). Perceived self-efficacy in the exercise of personal agency. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 2, 128-163. [Reprint of Bandura, A. (1989). Perceived self-efficacy in the exercise of personal agency. The Psychologist: Bulletin of the British Psychological Society, 2, 411-424.]

Bandura, A. (1990). Reflections on nonability determinants of competence. In R. J. Sternberg & J. Kolligian, Jr. (Eds.), Competence considered (pp. 315-362). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1990.

Bandura, A. (1990). Selective activation and disengagement of moral control. Journal of Social Issues, 46, 27-46.

Bandura, A. (1990). Some reflections on reflections. Psychological Inquiry, 1, 101-105. [In this brief commentary, Prof. Bandura responds to various reviews of his book, Social Foundations of Thought and Action.]

Carroll, W. R., & Bandura, A. (1990). Representational guidance of action production in observational learning: A causal analysis. Journal of Motor Behavior, 2, 85-97.

Ozer, E. M., & Bandura, A. (1990). Mechanisms governing empowerment effects: A self-efficacy analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58, 472-486.

Wiedenfeld, S. A., O'Leary, A., Bandura, A., Brown, S., Levine, S., & Raska, K. (1990). Impact of perceived self-efficacy in coping with stressors on components of the immune system. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59, 1082-1094.

Wood, R. E., Bandura, A., & Bailey, T. (1990). Mechanisms governing organizational performance in complex decision-making environments. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 46, 181-201. Go to top of page


1991

Bandura, A. (1991). Human agency: The rhetoric and the reality. American Psychologist, 46, 157-162 (html).

Bandura, A. (1991). Self-efficacy conception of anxiety. In R. Schwarzer & R. A. Wicklund (Eds.), Anxiety and self-focused attention. (pp. 89-110). New York: Harwood Academic Publishers.

Bandura, A. (1991). Self-efficacy mechanism in physiological activation and health-promoting behavior. In J. Madden, IV (Ed.), Neurobiology of learning, emotion and affect (pp. 229-270). New York: Raven.

Bandura, A. (1991). Self-efficacy, impact of self-beliefs on adolescent life paths. In R. M. Lerner, A. C. Peterson, & J. Brooks-Gunn (Eds.), Encyclopedia of adolescence (Vol. 2, pp. 995-1000). New York: Garland.

Bandura, A. (1991). Self-regulation of motivation through anticipatory and self-regulatory mechanisms. In R. A. Dienstbier (Ed.), Perspectives on motivation: Nebraska symposium on motivation (Vol. 38, pp. 69-164). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. [Large download, 5 MB]

Bandura, A. (1991). Social cognitive theory of moral thought and action. In W. M. Kurtines & J. L. Gewirtz (Eds.), Handbook of moral behavior and development (Vol. 1, pp. 45-103). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum..

Bandura, A. (1991). Social cognitive theory of self-regulation. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50, 248-287.

Bandura, A. (1991). The changing icons in personality psychology. In J. H. Cantor (Ed.), Psychology at Iowa: Centennial essays (pp. 117-139). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Bandura, A., & Jourden, F. J. (1991). Self-regulatory mechanisms governing the impact of social comparison on complex decision making. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 941-951.

Jourden, F. J., Bandura, A., & Banfield, J. T. (1991). The impact of conceptions of ability on self-regulatory factors and motor skill acquisition. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 8, 213-226. Go to top of page


1992

Bandura, A. (1992). Exercise of personal agency through the self-efficacy mechanism. In R. Schwarzer (Ed.), Self-efficacy: Thought control of action (pp. 3-38). Washington, D.C.: Hemisphere.

Bandura, A. (1992). Observational learning. In L. R. Squire (Ed.), Encyclopedia of learning and memory. New York: Macmillan.

Bandura, A. (1992). On rectifying the comparative anatomy of perceived control. Applied and Preventive Psychology: Current Scientific Perspectives, 1, 121-126.

Bandura, A. (1992). Psychological aspects of prognostic judgments. In R. W. Evans, D. S. Baskin, & F. M. Yatsu (Eds.), Prognosis of neurological disorders (pp. 13-28). New York: Oxford University Press.

Bandura, A. (1992). Self-efficacy mechanism in psychobiologic functioning. In R. Schwarzer (Ed.), Self-efficacy: Thought control of action (pp. 355-394). Washington, D.C.: Hemisphere.

Bandura, A. (1992). A social cognitive approach to the exercise of control over AIDS infection. In R. DiClemente (Ed.), Adolescents and AIDS: A generation in jeopardy (pp. 89-116). Beverly Hills: Sage. [This chapter was revised and updated. See 1993]

Bandura, A. (1992). Social cognitive theory. In R. Vasta (Ed.), Six theories of child development: Revised formulations and current issues (pp. 1-60). London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Bandura, A. (1992). Social cognitive theory and social referencing. In S. Feinman (Ed.), Social referencing and the social construction of reality in infancy (pp. 175-208). New York: Plenum Press.

Bussey, K., & Bandura, A. (1992). Self-regulatory mechanisms governing gender development. Child Development, 63, 1236-1250.

Zimmerman, B. J., Bandura, A., & Martinez-Pons, M. (1992). Self-motivation for academic attainment: The role of self-efficacy beliefs and personal goal-setting. American Educational Research Journal, 29, 663-676. Go to top of page


1993

Bandura, A. (1993). Perceived self-efficacy in cognitive development and functioning. Educational Psychologist, 28, 117-148. Go to top of page


1994

Bandura, A. (1994). Regulative function of perceived self-efficacy. In M. G. Rumsey, C. B. Walker, & J. H. Harris (Eds.), Personal selection and classification (pp. 261-271). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Bandura, A. (1994). Self-efficacy. In R. J. Corsini (Ed.), Encyclopedia of psychology (2nd ed., Vol. 3, pp. 368-369). New York: Wiley.

Bandura, A. (1994). Self-efficacy. In V. S. Ramachaudran (Ed.), Encyclopedia of human behavior (Vol. 4, pp. 71-81). New York: Academic Press. (Reprinted in H. Friedman [Ed.], Encyclopedia of mental health. San Diego: Academic Press, 1998).

Bandura, A. (1994). Social cognitive theory and exercise of control over HIV infection. In R. J. DiClemente & J. L. Peterson (Eds.), Preventing AIDS: Theories and methods of behavioral interventions (pp. 25-59). New York: Plenum. [This is a revised and updated chapter of the 1992 chapter]

Bandura, A. (1994). Social cognitive theory of mass communication. In J. Bryant & D. Zillman (Eds.), Media effects: Advances in theory and research (pp. 61-90). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Bandura, A., & McDonald, F. J. (1994). Influence of social reinforcement and the behavior of models in shaping children's moral judgments. In B. Puka (Ed.), Defining perspectives in moral development. Moral development: A compendium, Vol. 1 (pp. 136-143). New York: Garland Publishing, Inc. [Reprint of Bandura, A., & McDonald, F. J. (1963). The influence of social reinforcement and the behavior of models in shaping children's moral judgments. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 67, 274-281.]

DeBusk, R. F., Miller, N. H., Superko, H. R., Dennis, C. A., Thomas, R. J., Lew, H. T., Berger III, W. E., Heller, R. S., Rompf, J., Gee, D., Kraemer, H. C., Bandura, A., Ghandour, G., Clark, M., Shah, R. V., Fisher, L., & Taylor, C. B. (1994). A case-management system for coronary risk factor modification after acute myocardial infarction. Annals of Internal Medicine, 120, 721-729.

Zimmerman, B. J., & Bandura, A. (1994). Impact of self-regulatory influences on writing course attainment. American Educational Research Journal, 31, 845-862. Go to top of page


1995

Bandura, A. (1995). Comments on the crusade against the causal efficacy of human thought, Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 26, 179-190.

Bandura, A. (1995). Exercise of personal and collective efficacy in changing societies. In A. Bandura (Ed.), Self-efficacy in changing societies (pp. 1-45). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Bandura, A. (1995). Modeling. In A. S. R. Manstead & M. Hewstone (Eds.), Blackwell encyclopedia of social psychology (p. 409). Oxford: Blackwell.

Bandura, A. (1995). On rectifying conceptual ecumenism. In J. E. Maddux (Ed.), Self-efficacy, adaptation, and adjustment: Theory, research and application (pp. 347-375). New York: Plenum.

Bandura, A. (1995). Self-efficacy. In A. S. R. Manstead & M. Hewstone (Eds.), Blackwell encyclopedia of social psychology (pp. 453-454). Oxford: Blackwell.

Bandura, A. (Ed.). (1995). Self-efficacy in changing societies. New York: Cambridge University Press. [purchase at amazon.com]

Bandura, A. (1995). Social learning. In A. S. R. Manstead & M. Hewstone (Eds.), Blackwell encyclopedia of social psychology (pp. 600-606). Oxford: Blackwell.

Caprara, G. V., Pastorelli C., & Bandura, A. (1995). La misura del disimpegno morale in et` evolutiva [The measurement of moral disengagement in children]. Eta Evolutiva, 18-29. Go to top of page


1996

Bandura, A. (1996). Failures in self-regulation: Energy depletion or selective disengagement? Psychological Inquiry, 7, 20-24.

Bandura, A. (1996). Ontological and epistemological terrains revisited, Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 27, 323-345. A must read!!

Bandura, A. (1996). Reflections on human agency. In J. Georgas & M. Manthouli (Eds.), Contemporary psychology in Europe: Theory, research and applications (pp. 194-210). Seattle, WA: Hogrefe & Huber.

Bandura, A. (1996). Regulation of cognitive processes through perceived self-efficacy. In G. H. Jennings & D. Belanger (Eds.), Passages beyond the gate: A Jungian approach to understanding the nature of American psychology at the dawn of the new millennium (pp. 96-107). Needham Heights, MA: Simon & Schuster. [Reprint of Bandura, A. (1989). Regulation of cognitive processes through perceived self-efficacy . Developmental Psychology, 25, 725-739 (html).]

Bandura, A. (1996). Social cognitive theory of human development. In T. Husen & T. N. Postlethwaite (Eds.), International encyclopedia of education (2nd ed., pp. 5513-5518) Oxford: Pergamon Press.

Bandura, A., Barbaranelli, C., Caprara, G. V., & Pastorelli, C. (1996). Mechanisms of moral disengagement in the exercise of moral agency. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71, 364-374.

Bandura, A., Barbaranelli, C., Caprara, G. V., & Pastorelli, C. (1996). Multifaceted impact of self-efficacy beliefs on academic functioning. Child Development, 67, 1206-1222. Go to top of page


1997

Bandura, A. (1997). Personal efficacy in psychobiologic functioning. In G. V. Caprara (Ed.), Bandura: A leader in psychology (pp. 43-66). Milan, Italy: Franco Angeli.

Bandura, A. (1997). Reflections on moral disengagement. In G. V. Caprara (Ed.), Bandura: A leader in psychology (pp. 23-41). Milano, Italy: Franco Angeli.

Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy and health behaviour. In A. Baum, S. Newman, J. Wienman, R. West, & C. McManus (Eds.), Cambridge handbook of psychology, health and medicine (pp. 160-162). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: Freeman. [Bandura situates self-efficacy within a theory of personal and collective agency that operates in concert with other sociocognitive factors in regulating human well-being and attainment. In this volume, Bandura also addresses the major facets of agency, the nature and structure of self-efficacy beliefs, their origins and effects, the processes through which such self-beliefs operate, and the modes by which they can be created and strengthened. In addition, he reviews a vast body of research on each of these aspects of agency in diverse applications of the theory]
[purchase from amazon.com]

Bandura, A. (1997). The anatomy of stages of change. American Journal of Health Promotion, 12, 8-10.

Clark, M., Ghandour, G., Miller, N. H., Taylor, C. B., Bandura, A., DeBusk, R. F. (1997). Development and evaluation of a computer-based system for dietary management of hyperlipidemia. Journal of the American Dietary Association, 97, 146-150.Go to top of page


1998

Bandura, A. (1998, August). Exercise of agency in accenting the positive. Invited address delivered at the meeting of the American Psychological Association, San Francisco.

Bandura, A. (1998). Exploration of fortuitous determinants of life paths, Psychological Inquiry, 9, 95-99.

Bandura, A. (1998). Health promotion from the perspective of social cognitive theory. Psychology and Health, 13, 623-649.

Bandura, A. (1998). Personal and collective efficacy in human adaptation and change. In J. G. Adair, D. Belanger, & K. L. Dion (Eds.), Advances in psychological science: Vol. 1. Personal, social and cultural aspects (pp. 51-71). Hove, UK: Psychology Press.

Caprara, G. V., Barbaranelli, C., Caprara, M., Gerbino, M., Pastorelli C., Regalia, C., & Bandura, A. (1998). Social cognitive determinants of psychological and social development: Beliefs of personal efficacy. Adolescenza, 9, 182-207.

Caprara, G. V., Scabini, E., Barbaranelli, C., Pastorelli, C., Regalia, C., & Bandura, A. (1998). Impact of adolescents' perceived self-regulatory efficacy on familial communication and antisocial conduct. European Psychologist, 3, 125-132.

Pastorelli, C., Caprara, G. V., & Bandura, A. (1998). The measurement of self-efficacy in school-age children: A preliminary contribution. [Italian]. Eta evolutiva, 61, 28-40. [preliminary piece on assessment of self-efficacy]Go to top of page


1999

Bandura, A. (1999. Exercise of agency in personal and social change. In E. Sanavio (Ed.), Behavior and cognitive therapy today: Essays in honor of Hans J. Eysenck. (pp. 1-29). Oxford: Anonima Romana.

Bandura, A. (1999). Moral disengagement. In I. W. Charny (Ed.), Encyclopedia of genocide (pp. 415-418). Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-Clio.

Bandura, A. (1999). Moral disengagement in the perpetration of inhumanities. Personality and Social Psychology Review. [Special Issue on Evil and Violence], 3, 193-209. This article is the fifth most cited article in PSPR.

Bandura, A. (1999). Psychological aspects of prognostic judgments. In R. W. Evans, D. S. Baskin, & F. M. Yatsu (Eds.), Prognosis of neurological disorders (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.

Bandura, A. (1999). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. In R. F. Baumeister (Ed.), The self in social psychology. Key readings in social psychology (pp. 285-298). Philadelphia: Psychology Press/Taylor & Francis.

Bandura, A. (1999). Social cognitive theory: An agentic perspective. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 2, 21-41.

Bandura, A. (1999). Social cognitive theory of personality. In D. Cervone & Y. Shoda, (Eds.), The coherence of personality: Social-cognitive bases of consistency, variability, and organization (pp. 185-241). New York: Guilford Press.

Bandura, A. (1999). Social cognitive theory of personality. In L. Pervin & John, O. P. (Ed.), Handbook of personality: Theory and research (2nd ed., pp. 154-196). New York: Guilford Publications.

Bandura, A. (1999). A sociocognitive analysis of substance abuse: An agentic perspective. Psychological Science, 10, 214-217.

Bandura, A., Pastorelli, C., Barbaranelli, C., & Caprara, G. V. (1999). Self-efficacy pathways to childhood depression. Journal of Personality and social Psychology, 76, 258-269.

Bussey, K., & Bandura, A. (1999). Social cognitive theory of gender development and differentiation, Psychological Review, 106, 676-713.

Caprara, G. V., Scabini, E., Barbaranelli, C., Pastorelli, C., Regalia, C., & Bandura, A. (1999). Perceived emotional and interpersonal self-efficacy and good social functioning. Giornale Italiano di Psicologia, 26, 769-789.

Epel, E. S., Bandura, A., & Zimbardo, P. G. (1999). Escaping homelessness: The influences of self-efficacy and time perspective on coping with homelessness. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 29, 575-596.

Lorig, K. R., Sobel, D. S., Stewart, A. L., Brown, Jr. B. W., Bandura, A., Ritter, P., Gonzalez, V. M., Laurent, D. D., & Holman, H. R. (1999). Evidence suggesting that a chronic disease self-management program can improve health status while reducing hospitalization: A randomized trial. Medical Care, 37, 5-14. Go to top of page


2000

Bandura, A. (2000). Cultivate self-efficacy for personal and organizational effectiveness. In E. A. Locke (Ed.), Handbook of principles of organization behavior (pp. 120-136). Oxford, UK: Blackwell.

Bandura, A. (2000). Exercise of human agency through collective efficacy, Current Directions in Psychological Science, 9, 75-78.

Bandura, A. (2000). Health promotion from the perspective of social cognitive theory. In P. Norman, C. Abraham, & M. Conner (Eds.), Understanding and changing health behaviour (pp. 299-339). Reading, UK: Harwood.

Bandura, A. (2000). Modeling. In E. W . Craighead & C. B. Nemeroff (Eds.), Encyclopedia of psychology and neuroscience (3rd ed., pp. 967-968). New York: Wiley.

Bandura, A. (2000). Portrait of sociocognitive development from an agentic perspective. In G. V. Caprara, & A. Fonzi (Eds.), Adolescenza: L'Eta Sosposa [Adolescence: The suspended age] (pp. 27-58). Firenze: Giunti.

Bandura, A. (2000). Psychological aspects of prognostic judgments. In R. W. Evans, D. S. Baskin, & F. M. Yatsu (Eds.), Prognosis of neurological disorders (2nd ed., pp.11-27). New York: Oxford University Press.

Bandura, A. (2000). Self-efficacy. In A. E. Kazdin (Ed.), Encyclopedia of psychology. New York: Oxford University Press.

Bandura, A. (2000). Self-efficacy. In E. W . Craighead & C. B. Nemeroff (Eds.), Encyclopedia of psychology and neuroscience (3rd ed., pp. 1474-1476). New York: Wiley.

Bandura, A. (2000). Self-efficacy: The foundation of agency. In W. J. Perrig & A. Grob (Eds.), Control of human behaviour, mental processes and consciousness (pp. 17-33) Mahwak, NJ: Erlbaum.

Bandura, A. (2000). Social cognitive theory. In A. E. Kazdin (Ed.), Encyclopedia of psychology. New York: Oxford University Press.

Bandura, A., Caprara, G. V., & Zsolnai, L. (2000). Corporate transgressions through moral disengagement. Journal of Human Values, 6, 57-63.

Bandura, A., & Cervone, D. (2000). Self-evaluative and self-efficacy mechanisms of governing the motivational effects of goal systems. In T. E. Higgins & A. W. Kruglanski (Eds.), Motivational science: Social and personality perspectives. Key readings in social psychology (pp. 202-214). Philadelphia: Psychology Press.

Caprara, G. V., Barbaranelli, C., Pastorelli, C., Bandura, A., & Zimbardo, P. G. (2000). Prosocial foundations of children's academic achievement. Psychological Science, 11, 302-306.

Caprara, G. V., Scabini, E., Barbaranelli, C., Pastorelli, C., & Bandura, A. (2000 ). Autoefficacia percepita emotiva e interpersonale e buon funzionamento sociale [Emotional and interpersonal perceived self-efficacy and social well-being]. Giornale Italiano di Psicologia, 26, 769-789. Go to top of page


2001

Bandura, A. (2001). The changing face of psychology at the dawning of a globalization era, Canadian Psychology, 42, 12-24.

Bandura, A. (2001). Guide for constructing self-efficacy scales (Revised). Available from Frank Pajares, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, 30322. [see published guide in 2006 volume of Adolescence and Education]

Bandura, A. (2001). Guide for constructing self-efficacy scales. In G. V . Caprara (Ed.), La valutazione dell 'autoeffcacia [The assessment of self-efficacy] (pp. 15-37) Trento, Italy: Erickson. [see published guide in 2006 volume of Adolescence and Education]

Bandura, A. (2001). Self-efficacy and health. In N. J. Smelser & P. B. Baltes (Eds.), International encyclopedia of the social and behavioral sciences (Vol. 20, pp. 13815-13820). Oxford: Elsevier Science.

Bandura, A. (2001). Social cognitive theory: An agentic perspective. Annual Review of Psychology, 52,1-26. In html form from Annual Review Psychology (must be accessed from edu domain).

Bandura, A. (2001). Social cognitive theory and clinical psychology. In N. J. Smelser & P. B. Baltes (Eds.), International encyclopedia of the social and behavioral sciences (Vol. 21, pp. 14250-14254). Oxford: Elsevier Science.

Bandura, A. (2001). Social cognitive theory of mass communication. Media Psychology, 3, 265-298.

Bandura, A. (2001). Swimming against the mainstream: The early years in chilly waters. In W. T. O'Donohue, D. A. Henderson, S. C. Hayes, J. E. Fisher, & L. J. Hayes (Eds.), History of the behavioral therapies: Founders' personal histories (pp. 163-182). Reno, NV: Context Press.

Bandura, A., Barbaranelli, C., Caprara, G. V., & Pastorelli, C. (2001). Self-efficacy beliefs as shapers of children's aspirations and career trajectories. Child Development, 72, 187-206.

Bandura, A., Caprara, G. V., Barbaranelli, C., Pastorelli, C., & Regalia, C. (2001). Sociocognitive self-regulatory mechanisms governing transgressive behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80, 125-135.

Debowski, S., Wood, R., & Bandura, A. (2001). Impact of guided exploration and enactive exploration on self-regulatory mechanisms and information acquisition through electronic search. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86, 1129-1141.

Lorig, K. R., Ritter, P., Stewart, A. L., Sobel, D. S., Brown, Jr., B. W., Bandura, A., Gonzales, V. M ., Laurent, D. D., & Holman, H. R. (2001). Chronic disease self-management programs: 2-year health status and health care utilization outcomes. Medical Care, 39, 1217-1223.

Pastorelli, C., Caprara, G. V., Barbaranelli, C., Rola, J., Rozsa, S., & Bandura, A. (2001). Structure of children's perceived self-efficacy: A crossnational study. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 17, 87-97. Go to top of page


2002

Bandura, A. (2002). Environmental sustainability by sociocognitive deceleration of population growth. In P. Schmuch & W. Schultz (Eds.), The psychology of sustainable development (pp. 209-238). Dordrecht, the Netherlands: Kluwer.

Bandura, A. (2002). Growing primacy of human agency in adaptation and change in the electronic era. European Psychologist, 7, 1-16.

Bandura, A. (2002). Reflexive empathy: On predicting more than has ever been observed. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, , 25, 24-25.

Bandura, A. (2002). Selective moral disengagement in the exercise of moral agency. Journal of Moral Education, 31, 101-119.

Bandura, A. (2002). Self-efficacy assessment. In R. Fernandez-Ballesteros (Ed.), Encyclopedia of psychological assessment. London: Sage Publications.

Bandura, A. (2002). Social cognitive theory in cultural context. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 151, 269-290.

Bandura, A. (2002). Social cognitive theory of mass communication. In J. Bryant, & D. Zillman (Eds.). Media effects: Advances in theory and research (2nd ed., pp. 121-153). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Bandura, A., Caprara, G. V., & Zsolnai, L. (2002). Corporate transgressions. In L. Zsolnai (Ed.), Ethics in the economy: Handbook of business ethics (pp. 151-164). Oxford: Peter Lang Publishers. [Expanded version of Bandura, A., Caprara, G. V., & Zsolnai, L. (2000). Corporate transgressions through moral disengagement. Journal of Human Values, 6, 57-63.]

Caprara, G.V., Regalia, C., & Bandura, A. (2002). Longitudinal impact of perceived self-regulatory efficacy on violent conduct. European Psychologist, 7, 63-69.

Fernández-Ballesteros, R., Díez-Nicolás, J., Caprara, G. V., Barbaranelli, C., & Bandura, A. (2002). Determinants and structural relation of personal efficacy to collective efficacy. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 51, 107-125.

Steffen, A. M., McKibbin, C., Zeiss, A. M., Gallagher-Thompson, D., & Bandura, A. (2002). The Revised Scale for Caregiving Self-Efficacy: Reliability and validity studies. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 57B, 82-86.Go to top of page


2003

Bandura, A. (2003). Observational learning. In J. H. Byrne (Ed.), Encyclopedia of learning and memory. (2nd ed., pp. 482-484). New York: Macmillan.

Bandura, A. (2003). On the psychosocial impact and mechanisms of spiritual modeling. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 13, 167-173.

Bandura, A., Caprara, G. V., Barbaranelli, C., Gerbino, M., & Pastorelli, C. (2003). Role of affective self-regulatory efficacy in diverse spheres of psychosocial functioning. Child Development, 74, 769-782.

Bandura, A., & Locke, E. (2003). Negative self-efficacy and goal effects revisited. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 87-99.Go to top of page


2004

Bandura, A. (2004). Come cambia l'educatione nell'era dell' informatica (The changing face of education in the information era). Nuove Tendenze della Psicologia (New Directions in Psychology), 2, 151-158.

Bandura, A. (2004). The growing primacy of perceived efficacy in human self-development, adaptation and change. In M. Salanova, R. Grau, I.M. Martinez, E. Cifre, S. Llorens and M. García-Renedo (Eds.) Nuevos horizontes en la investigactión sobre autoeficacia. (pp. 33-51) Castellón: Colección Psyique.

Bandura, A. (2004). Health promotion by social cognitive means. Health Education & Behavior, 31, 143-164.

Bandura, A. (2004). J'y arriverai: le sentiment d'efficacite personnelle. Sciences Humaines, 148 [April], 42-45.

Bandura, A. (2004). Modeling. In E. W. Craighead & C. B. Nemeroff (Eds.). The concise Corsini Encyclopedia of psychology and behavioral sciences (pp. 575-577). New York: Wiley.

Bandura, A. (2004). Role of selective moral disengagement in terrorism and counterterrorism. In F. M. Mogahaddam & A. J. Marsella (Eds.), Understanding terrorism: Psychological roots, consequences and interventions (pp. 121-150). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association Press.

Bandura, A. (2004). Selective exercise of moral agency. In T. A. Thorkildsen & H. J. Walberg (Eds.), Nurturing morality (pp. 35-57). Boston: Kluwer Academic.

Bandura, A. (2004). Self-efficacy. In E. W. Craighead & C. B. Nemeroff (Eds.). The concise Corsini Encyclopedia of psychology and behavioral sciences. (pp. 859-862). New York: Wiley.

Bandura, A. (2004). Self-efficacy. In N. B. Anderson (Ed.) Encyclopedia of health & behavior (Vol. 2, pp. 708-714). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.

Bandura, A. (2004). Social cognitive theory for personal and social change by enabling media. In A. Singhal, M. J. Cody, E. M. Rogers, & M. Sabido (Eds.), Entertainment-education and social change: History, research, and practice (pp. 75-96). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Bandura, A. (2004). Social cognitive theory of posttraumatic recovery: The role of perceived self-efficacy. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 42, 1129-1148-630.

Bandura, A. (2004). Swimming against the mainstream: The early years from chilly tributary to transformative mainstream. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 42, 613-630.

Bandura, A., & Bussey, K. (2004). On broadening the cognitive, motivational, and sociostructural scope of theorizing about gender development and functioning: Comment on Martin, Ruble, and Szkrybalo (2002). Psychological Bulletin, 130, 690-701.

Benight, C. C., & Bandura, A. (2004). Social cognitive theory of posttraumatic recovery: The role of perceived self-efficacy. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 42, 1129-1148.

Bussey, K., & Bandura, A. (2004). Social cognitive theory of gender development and functioning. In A.H. Eagly, A. Beall, & R. Sternberg (Eds.). The psychology of gender (2nd ed., pp.92-119) New York: Guilford.

Caprara, G. V., Regalia, C., Scabini, E., Barbaranelli, C., & Bandura, A. (2004). Assessment of filial, parental, marital, and collective family efficacy beliefs. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 20, 247-261.

DeBusk, R. F., Miller, N. H., Parker, K. M., Bandura, A., Kraemer, H. C., Cher, D. J., et al. (2004). Care management for low-risk patients with heart failure: A randomized, controlled trial. Annals of Internal Medicine, 141, 606-613.

Rudd, P., Miller, N. H., Kaufman, J., Kraemer, H. C., Bandura, A., Greenwald, G., et al. (2004). Nurse management for hypertension: A systems approach. American Journal of Hypertension, 17, 921-927.Go to top of page


2005

Bandura, A. (2005). Evolution of social cognitive theory. In K. G. Smith & M. A. Hitt (Eds.), Great minds in management (pp. 9-35). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bandura, A. (2005). Growing centrality of self regulation in health promotion and disease prevention. European Health Psychologist, Issue 1,11-12. Also here.

Bandura, A. (2005). Primacy of self-regulation in health promotion transformative mainstream. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 54, 245-254.

Caprara, G. V., Regalia, C., Scabini, E., & Bandura, A. (2005). Impact of adolescents' filial self-efficacy on quality of family functioning and satisfaction. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 15, 71-97.

Osofsky, M. J., Bandura, A., & Zimbardo, P. G. (2005). The role of moral disengagement in the execution process. Law and Human Behavior, 29, 371-393. Go to top of page


2006

Bandura, A. (2006). Adolescent development from an agentic perspective. In F. Pajares & T. Urdan (Eds.). Self-efficacy beliefs of adolescents, (Vol. 5., pp. 1-43). Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.

Bandura, A. (2006). Autobiography. M. G. Lindzey & W. M. Runyan (Eds.) A history of psychology in autobiography (Vol. IX). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

Bandura, A. (2006). Going global with social cognitive theory: From prospect to paydirt. In S. I. Donaldson, D. E. Berger, & K. Pezdek (Eds.). The rise of applied psychology: New frontiers and rewarding careers (pp. 53-70). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Bandura, A. (2006). Guide for constructing self-efficacy scales. In F. Pajares & T. Urdan (Eds.). Self-efficacy beliefs of adolescents, (Vol. 5., pp. 307-337). Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.

Bandura, A. (2006). A murky portrait of human cruelty. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 29, 225-226.

Bandura, A.(2006). On integrating social cognitive and social diffusion theories. In A Singhal & J. Dearing (Eds.). Communication of innovations: A journey with Ev Rogers. Beverley Hills; Sage Publications.

Bandura, A. (2006). Social cognitive theory. In S. Rogelberg (Ed.). Encyclopedia of Industrial/Organizational Psychology. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.

Bandura, A. (2006). Toward a psychology of human agency. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 1, 164-180.

Bandura, A. (2006). Training in terrorism through selective moral disengagement. In J.F. Forest (Ed.). The making of a terrorist: recruitment, training and root causes (Vol. 2, pp. 34-50). Westport, CT: Praeger.

Bandura, A. (2006). William James' shaky sojourn at Stanford. Observer. American Psychological Society.

McAlister, A. J., Bandura, A., & Owen, S. V. (2006). Mechanisms of moral disengagement in support of military force: The impact of September 11. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology.Go to top of page


2007

Bandura, A. (2007). Impending ecological sustainability through selective moral disengagement. Internal Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development, xx, 8-35.

Bandura, A. (2007). Much ado over faulty conception of perceived self-efficacy grounded in faulty experimentation. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 26(6), 641-758. [see Cahill et al.'s problematic piece]

Bandura, A. (2007) Reflections on an agentic theory of human agency. Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening, 10, 995-1004

Bandura, A. (2007). Self-efficacy in health functioning. In S. Ayers, et al. (Eds.). Cambridge handbook of psychology, health & medicine (2nd ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press. Go to top of page


2008

Bandura, A. (2008). An agentic perspective on positive psychology. In S. J. Lopez (Ed.), Positive psychology: Exploring the best in people (Vol. 1, pp. 167-196). Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Company.

Bandura, A. (2008, November). Environmental harm. Psychology Review, 14(2), 1-5.

Bandura, A. (2008). Observational learning. In W. Donsbach, (Ed.) International encyclopedia of communication (Vol. 7, pp. 3359-3361). Oxford, UK: Blackwell.

Bandura, A. (2008). Reconstrual of "free will" from the agentic perspective of social cognitive theory. In J. Baer, J. C. Kaufman, & R. F. Baumeister (Eds.), Are we free?: Psychology and free will (pp. 86-127). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. [Destined to become a classic]

Bandura, A. (2008). Social cognitive theory. In W. Donsbach, (Ed.) International encyclopedia of communication (Vol. 10, pp. 4654-4659). Oxford, UK: Blackwell.

Bandura, A. (2008). Toward an agentic theory of the self. In H. Marsh, R. G. Craven, & D. M. McInerney (Eds.), Advances in Self Research, Vol. 3: Self-processes, learning, and enabling human potential (pp. 15-49). Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.

Bandura, A., Polydoro, R., Azzi, R. (Eds.) (2008). Social cognitive theory: Basic concepts. Porta Allegre, Brasil: ARTMED Editora S/A.

Caprara, G. V., Fida, R., Vecchione, M., Del Bove, G., Vecchio, G. M., Barbaranelli, C., & Bandura, A. (2008). Longitudinal analysis of the role of perceived efficacy for self-regulated learning in academic continuance and achievement. Journal of Educational Psychology, 100, 525-534.Go to top of page

2009

Bandura, A. (2009). Cultivate self-efficacy for personal and organizational effectiveness. In E. A. Locke (Ed.), Handbook of principles of organization behavior. (2nd Ed., pp. 179-200). Oxford, UK: Blackwell.

Bandura, A. (2009, April). Science and theory building. Psychology Review, 14(4), 2-3.

Bandura, A. (2009). Social cognitive theory of mass communication. In J. Bryant & M. B. Oliver (Eds.), Media effects: Advances in theory and research (2nd ed., pp. 94-124). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

White, J., Bandura, A., & Bero, L. A. (2009). Moral disengagement in the corporate world. Accountability in Research, 16, 41-74. Go to top of page

2010

Bandura, A. (2010). Self-efficacy. In The Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology (4th Ed. pp. 1534-1536). Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.Go to top of page


2011

Bandura, A. (2011). But what about that gigantic elephant in the room? In R. Arkin (Ed.), Most unappreciated : 50 prominent social psychologists talk about hidden gems (pp. 51-59).Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bandura, A. (2011). Self-deception: A paradox revisited. Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 34, 16-17.

Bandura, A., Caprara, G. V., Barbaranelli, C., Regalia, C., & Scabini, E. (2011). Impact of family efficacy beliefs on quality of family functioning and satisfaction with family life. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 60, 421-448. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-0597.2010.00442.x

Bandura, A. (2011). A social cognitive perspective on positive psychology. Revista de Psicologia Social, 26, 7-20. Go to top of page

In press

Bandura, A. (in press). Agency. In D. Carr (Ed.). Encyclopedia of life course and human development. New York: Macmillan.

Bandura, A. (in press). Moral disengagement in state executions. In B. L. Cutler (Ed.). Encyclopedia of Psychology and Law. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Bandura, A. (in press). Self-efficacy. In S. Clegg & J. Bailey (Eds.), International encyclopedia of organization studies. Beverley Hills, CA: Sage Publications.

Bandura, A. (in press). Self-efficacy. In D. Matsumoto (Ed.) Cambridge dictionary of psychology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bandura, A. (in press). Self-reinforcement. In D. Matsumoto (Ed.) Cambridge dictionary of psychology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bandura, A. (in press). Social and policy impact of social cognitive theory. In M. Mark, S. Donaldson & B. Campell (Eds.) Social psychology and program/policy evaluation. New York; Guilford.

Bandura, A. (in press). Social cognitive theory. International encyclopedia of communication. Oxford: Blackwell Publications.

Bandura, A. (in press). Social cognitive theory.  In P.A.M. van Lange, A.W. Kruglanski, & E.T. Higgins (Eds.). Handbook of social psychological theories. London: Sage.

Bandura, A. (in press). Social cognitive theory. In S. Rogelberg (Ed.). Encyclopedia of Industrial/Organizational Psychology. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.

Bandura, A. (in press). Social cognitive theory and media effects. In J. R. Schement (Ed.), Encyclopedia of communication and information. New York: Macmillan.

Bandura, A. (in press). Toward a psychology of human agency: The role of self-efficacy. Interamerican Journal of Psychology.

Bandura, A. (in press). Vicarious learning. In D. Matsumoto (Ed.) Cambridge dictionary of psychology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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Submitted

Bandura, A. (submitted). A dose of conditionality and scientific probity for the quest of negative self-efficacy effects.Submitted for publication.

Bandura, A., MacAlister, A. J., & Owen, S. V. (submitted). Moral disengagement in support of the death penalty. Submitted for publication.

White, J., Bandura, A., & Bero, L. (submitted). Moral disengagement in the manipulation of research in the corporate world. Submitted for publication. Go to top of page

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"On ne voit bien qu'avec le cœur. L'essentiel est invisible pour les yeux."

"One cannot afford to be a realist."

~ Albert Bandura ~
Address before the American Psychological Association, 1998

The Professor at Stanford University
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