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SELF-EFFICACY: THE EXERCISE OF CONTROL

Albert Bandura

An outline composed by Gio Valiante
Emory University

CHAPTER 2 - THE NATURE AND STRUCTURE OF SELF-EFFICACY (36)

Self-efficacy is a differentiated set of beliefs linked to distinct realms of functioning, concerned with

Perceived Self-efficacy as a Generative Capability (36)

Individuals as Active Producers rather than Passive Foretellers of Performance (38)

The Self-efficacy Approach to Personal Causation (38)

Specificity in constructing items (not omnibus, global, decontextualized items)

"Omnibus measures create problems of predictive relevance as well as obscurity about what is being assessed"(40)

Multi Dimensionality of Self-efficacy Belief Systems (42)

Structure of Self-Efficacy Scales (42)

"Self-efficacy scales should measure people's beliefs in their abilities to fulfill different levels of task demands within the psychological domain selected for study. Including a wide range of task demands identifies the upper limits of people's beliefs as well as gradations of strength of perceived self-efficacy below that point" (44).

Effects of Self-Assessment (46)

"Numerous tests for reactive effects of self-assessment show that people's affective reactions and performance attainments are the same regardless of whether they do or do not make prior efficacy judgements" (46).

Omnibus versus Domain-Linked Measures (47)

"The evidence is relatively consistent in showing that perceived self-efficacy is a good predictor, whereas locus of control is either a weak predictor or is non-predictive" (47).

Discriminative Generalization of Self-Appraisal (50)

"Efficacy beliefs are structured by experience and reflective thought rather than being simply a disjoined collection of highly specific self-beliefs" (51).

Self-efficacy Causality (54)

Do efficacy beliefs act as causal factors in human functioning?

Sources of Discordance Between Efficacy Judgement and Action (61)

Limited Scope of Self-efficacy Assessment (61)

Mismatch Between Self-Efficacy and the Performance Domains (63)

Faulty Assessments of Self-Efficacy or Performance (63)

Ambiguity of Task Demands (64)

Indefinite Aims and Deficient Performance Information (66)

Temporal Disparities (67)

Consequences of Misjudgement (68)

Disincentives and Performance Constraints (68)

Statistical Overcontrol (68)

Faulty Self-Knowledge (70)

Veridicality of Self-Appraisal: Self-Aiding or Self-Limiting? (70)

Affective and Motivational Benefits of Optimistic Self-Efficacy Belief (72)

Differential Function of Preparatory and Performance Efficacy (75)

There is a difference between the strength of efficacy beliefs during skill development and the use of established skills to manage situational demands.

Self-Affirmation versus Self-Deception (77)

"Only those who will risk going too far can possibly find out how far one can go"
T.S. Eliot (77)


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