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SELF-EFFICACY: THE EXERCISE OF CONTROL

Albert Bandura

An outline composed by Gio Valiante
Emory University

CHAPTER 3 - SOURCES OF SELF-EFFICACY

There are four principal sources of self-efficacy beliefs

  1. Enactive mastery experiences
  2. Vicarious experiences (comparisons)
  3. Verbal persuasions and allied types of social influences
  4. Physiological and affective states
The cognitive processing of efficacy information involves two separate functions. ENACTIVE MASTERY EXPERIENCE is the most influential source of efficacy information because they provide the most authentic evidence of whether one can muster what it takes to succeed

Although success usually raises efficacy beliefs and repeated failures usually lower them, "the impact of performance attainments on efficacy beliefs depends on what is made of those performances" (81)

VICARIOUS EXPERIENCE (86)

VERBAL PERSUASION (101)

PHYSIOLOGICAL AND AFFECTIVE STATES (107)

INTEGRATION OF EFFICACY INFORMATION (113)


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