*Course Description: *

The aim of this course is to expose students
to the science of logic, that is, to the branch of philosophy concerned with the
*analysis of arguments*. We will concern ourselves, first, with the recognition
of arguments and with basic logical concepts, such as truth, validity, soundness, cogency,
and strength. We will study informal fallacies so that students can easily
recognize and diagnose the logical errors and rhetorical tricks of everyday
life. We will then study categorical propositions and syllogisms, how to
translate ordinary language statements into such propositions, and how to
analyze the validity of these syllogisms. We will also study modern
propositional logic. From deductive logic, we will turn to inductive logic
and study basic probability theory and decision theory.

*
Learning Outcomes:*

By the end of the course, students
should be able to express themselves more clearly and precisely. Students
should also be able to identify good and bad arguments in various contexts.
And they should be able to
use logical and philosophical terms – such as ‘truth’, ‘validity’, ‘soundness’ –
correctly and be able to drop the occasional term or phrase – such as ‘*ignoratio
elenchi*’, ‘red herring’, ‘*tu quoque*’, ‘amphiboly’ – for maximum
effect. More importantly, students should be able (i) to give formal demonstrations of
the validity of deductive arguments, (ii) calculate probabilities and (iii)
show, using a decision matrix, which actions or decisions are to be pursued in
different cases.