Click on any link below to learn more about the French worker of the 18th & 19th Centuries

Workers' Organizations

Worker & State Relations

Working Conditions

Living Conditions

Workers' Personal Experiences

Bibliographic Credits


Click on any of the titles below to read the full-length essay on the topic of Working Conditions in Eighteenth & Nineteenth Century France

"Relations Among  Workers" - Carolina Mayorga    "Nature of Workers' Skills" - Amy Gill

"Pay and Working Conditions in 19th Century France" - Ravi Chirravuri

"Relations With Employers" - David Duncan


The smokestacks of a 19th Century factory


All design copyright Sara Hinds 2002

All essays copyright students of History 541,  University of Kentucky 2002

Comments? Comments on this site should be sent to Professor Jeremy D. Popkin, 

Department of History, University of Kentucky, email