East Asian Security (DIP 750)

Spring 2007

Wednesday 3:30pm-6:00pm


Dr. Robert M. Farley

Office: Patterson 467

Office Hours: Wednesday, 1-3pm

Office Telephone: 859-257-4668

E-mail: farls0@gmail.com



The political geography of the East Asian region has been transformed over the last two hundred years, a process that continues today.  The growing importance of East Asia to the global economy makes security competition in the region problematic to the entire world.  Although the region has avoided direct Great Power conflict since 1953, security institutions have been slow to develop.  This course examines the security interests of the major powers in the region, with special emphasis on areas of potential conflict. 



Student discussion will take up the bulk of class time.  I expect everyone to attend, have studied the readings, and have a familiarity with current events.  Any major reputable newspaper will suffice for the latter, although I prefer the New York Times.



Grading will be based on class participation (20%), two 6-8 page papers (30% each) and one final examination (20%).


Each of the two 6-8 page papers must be typed and double-spaced.  Please do not exceed the page limit.  Although specific topic is up to you, one paper should have a regional focus, while the other should concentrate on a particular nation-state.  The papers need not hold to any particular format (policy oriented memo, for example), but should be internally consistent in focus.  Additional research is welcome, and may be necessary for the adequate presentation of some topics.  The first paper is due on the week of your presentation (see below), and the second on the final day of the course. 


You are required to present and defend one paper during class.  You must indicate to me a preference for which week to present by the second week of the course, such that I can stagger presentations. The presentation should last about fifteen minutes, and will be followed by a fifteen minute question and answer period.  The presentation will make up 50% of your participation grade, or 10% of the total grade.


The papers will be evaluated on both content and presentation.  Information must be accurate, arguments well thought out, and style compelling. 


Class Materials

Purchase of the following books is recommended, but not required.


  • Ikenberry, G. John, and Michael Mastanduno. International Relations Theory and the Asia-Pacific. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003.


  • Robert Gilpin, War and Change in World Politics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981.


  • Robyn Lim. The Geopolitics of East Asia. London: Routledge, 2005


  • John Garver. Protracted Contest: Sino-Indian Rivalry in the 20th Century.  Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2002.



Week 1 (1/11): Introduction


Week 2 (1/18): Theoretical Debates and Historical Overview


Robert Gilpin, War and Change in World Politics,1-105.


Alistair Iain Johnston, "Thinking about Strategic Culture," International Security. Volume 19,Number 4, (Spring 1995) pp. 32-64.


Robert Jervis, "Security Regimes," International Organization, Volume 36, Number 2, Spring 1982, pp.357-378.

Stephen Peter Rosen, “Strategic Traditions for the Asia-Pacific Region,” Naval War College Review, Winter 2001.


Week 3 (1/25): Theoretical Debates and Historical Overview


Robert Gilpin, War and Change in World Politics, 106-210.


Robyn Lim. The Geopolitics of East Asia,   1-198.


Week 4 (2/1): China: Great Power in Waiting?

Alastair Iain Johnston, “Is China a Status Quo Power?” International Security, Vol. 27, No. 4 (Spring 2003), pp. 5-12, 25-49


David Shambaugh, “China's Military Views the World: Ambivalent Security” International Security (Winter1999/2000)


David M. Lampton, “The Faces of Chinese Power” Foreign Affairs, January/February 2007


An Emerging China’s Emerging Grand Strategy: A Neo-Bismarckian Turn?, Avery Goldstein, in Ikenberry  


Zheng Bijian, “China’s ‘Peaceful Rise’ to Great Power Status”, Foreign Affairs, September/October 2005


Week 5 (2/8): China: The Taiwan Straits

*Lowell Dittmer, “Taiwan and the Issue of National Identity,” Asian Survey, Vol. 44, No. 4 (Aug 2004), pp. 475-483

Michael A. Glosny, “Strangulation from the Sea? A PRC Submarine Blockade of Taiwan,” International Security, Vol. 28, No. 4 (Spring 2004), pp. 125-160


Kenneth Lieberthal, “Preventing a War over Taiwan”, Foreign Affairs, March/April 2005

Andrew Erickson and Andrew Wilson, “China’s Aircraft Carrier Dilemma” Naval War College Review, Autumn 2006.

Xu Qi, Maritime Geostrategy and the Development of the Chinese Navy in the Early Twenty-First Century, Naval War College Review, Autumn 2006


Week 6 (2/15): Japan


China, the US-Japan Alliance, and the Security Dilemma in East Asia, Thomas J. Christensen, in Ikenberry


Institutionalized Inertia: Japanese Foreign Policy in the Post-Cold War World, William Grimes, in Ikenberry

Sources of American-Japanese Economic Conflict, Robert Gilpin, in Ikenberry


Ambiguous Japan: Japanese National Identity at Century’s End, Masaru Tamamoto, in Ikenberry


Week 7 (2/22): Japan: History and Rearmament


Kent E. Calder, “China and Japan’s Simmering Rivalry”, Foreign Affairs March/April 2006


Toshi Yoshihara and James R. Holmes, Japanese Maritime Thought: If Not Mahan, Who?  Naval War College Review, Summer 2006


Masahiro Matsumura, Japan’s History Debate Reconsidered, International Herald Tribune, November 17, 2006

Masahiro Matsumura, The Regional Dynamics of Japan’s History Debate: Epiphenomena, Substance, and Prospects, Brookings Institute, October 13, 2006.


Week 8 (3/1): Korea


Gilbert Rozman and Shin-Wha Lee, Unraveling the Japan-South Korea ‘Virtual Alliance’: Populism and Historical Revisionism in the Face of Conflicting Regional Strategies, Asian Survey, September/October 2006.


Chang-hee Nam, Relocating the U.S. Forces in South Korea: Strained Alliance, Emerging Partnership in the Changing Defense Posture, Asian Survey, August 2006.


Arms Control Today, North Korea Nuclear Test Focus , November 2006.


Week 9 (3/8): ASEAN: Diplomatic and Military Cooperation


*Amitav Acharya, “The Evolution of ASEAN Norms and the Emergence of the ASEAN Way,” Constructing a Security Community in Southeast Asia: ASEAN and the Problem of Regional Order, (London: Routledge, 2001), pp. 47-79

*Christopher Hemmer and Peter J. Katzenstein, “Why is There No NATO in Asia? Collective Identity, Regionalism, and the Origins of Multilateralism,” International Organization, Vol. 56, No. 3 (Summer 2002), pp. 575 - 607

*John S. Duffield, “Why is there no APTO? Why is there no OSCAP: Asia Pacific Security Institutions in Comparative Perspective,” Contemporary Security Policy, Vol. 22, No. 2, (Aug. 2001)

Ruukan Katanyuu, Beyond Non-Interference in ASEAN: The Association’s Role in Myanmar’s National Reconciliation and Democratization, Asian Survey December 2006

Socialization in International Institutions: The ASEAN Way and International Relations Theory, Alastair Iain Johnston, in Ikenberry


Week 10 (3/22): ASEAN: Military Challenges


John F. Bradford, The Growing Prospects for Maritime Security Cooperation in Southeast Asia, Naval War College Review, Summer 2005


Joshua H. Ho, The Security of Sea Lanes in Southeast Asia, Asian Survey August 2006.


Heginbotham, Eric. "The Fall and Rise of Navies in East Asia: Military

Organizations, Domestic Politics, and Grand Strategy." International

Security 27, no. 2 (2002): 86-125.

Richard A. Bitzinger, “Come the Revolution”, Naval War College Review, Autumn 2005

Eric A. McVadon, China’s Maturing Navy, Naval War College Review, Spring 2006



Week 11 (3/29): India: New Partner for US?


Ashton Carter, “America’s New Strategic Partner?” Foreign Affairs, July/August 2006


C. Raja Mohan, “India and the Balance of Power” Foreign Affairs, July/August 2006


John Garver, Protracted Contest, 3-31, 79-109, 313-390


Week 12 (4/5): Russia


Paradorn Rangsimaporn, Russia’s Debate on Military-Technological Cooperation with China: From Yeltsin to Putin”, Asian Survey, May/June 2006.


Elizabeth Wishnick, “Russia and the CIS in 2005: Promoting East Asian Oil Diplomacy, Containing Change in Central Asia”, Asian Survey, January/February 2006.

The Brookings Institute: The Future of Russian Energy Policy, November 2006


Week 13 (4/12): War on Terror


Chien-peng Chung, “China's "War on Terror”: September 11 and

Uighur Separatism.Foreign Affairs. 81(4) (July-August 2002), pp.



Joshua Kurlantzick, “China’s Dubious Role in the War on Terror,”

Current History, vol. 102, no. 668 (December 2003), 432-439


Rommel C. Banlaoi, “Maritime Terrorism in Southeast Asia: The Abu Sayyef Threat”, Naval War College Review, Autumn 2005


David Capie, “Between a Hegemon and a Hard Place: the ‘War on Terror’ and Southeast Asian-US Relations,” The Pacific Review, Vol. 17, No. 2 (June 2004), pp. 223-248


Week 14 (4/19): Overview I

Hierarchy and Stability in Asian International Relations, David Kang, in Ikenberry


Identity and the Balance of Power in Asia, Henry R. Nau, in Ikenberry


Power and Purpose in Pacific East Asia; A Constructivist Interpretation, in Ikenberry


David Kang. “Getting Asia Wrong,” International Security Vol. 27, No. 4, Spring 2003, pp.57-85


Week 15 (4/26): Overview II

Economic Interdependence and the Future of US-Chinese Relations, Dale Copeland, in Ikenberry

States, Markets, and Great Power Relations in the Pacific: Some Realist Expectation, Jonathan Kirshner, in Ikenberry

Samuel S. Kim, “Regionalization and Regionalism” Asian Studies, Vol. 4 (2004), pp. 39-67