Defense Statecraft (DIP 750)
Dr. Robert M. Farley
Office: Patterson 467
Office Hours: Tuesday, 1-3pm
Office Telephone: 859-257-4668
Military organizations are complex tools of statecraft. This course examines the role that military force plays in U.S. foreign policy, and the capacity of the Army, Air Force, Navy, and Marines to execute that policy. We will also study the administrative, budget, and procurement aspects of defense policy. Students should expect to gain familiarity with the key military policy issues that confront government officials, and to become able to evaluate the claims of journalists and advocacy organizations that confront informed American opinion.
Student discussion will take up the bulk of class time. I expect everyone to attend, have studied the readings, and have a familiarity with current events. Any major reputable newspaper will suffice for the latter, although I prefer the New York Times.
Grading will be based on class participation (20%), class blog participation (10%), and three 4-6 page memos (15% each) and one final examination (25%).
Each student is required to post at least once to the class blog, defensestatecraft.blogspot.com, in each of five weeks during the course of the semester. The idea of the blog is to promote serious discussions of the readings and of current events tied to military statecraft. I will monitor blog postings and assign a grade based on quantity and quality of participation. Postings should specifically integrate the material from class readings and extend class debates.
Each of the three 4-6 page memos must be typed and double-spaced. Please do not exceed the page limit. The point of the assignment is to present information in a cogent and concise manner. The topic is up to you, but ideally will concern the convergence of a current event or situation with assigned reading from the class day in question. Memos are due at the beginning of class on the day of the relevant reading. You will be expected to turn in one memo during each third of the course. Thus, the last day for turning in your first memo is February 16, and the first day for turning in your last memo is March 30.
You will be required to make an oral presentation and defense of one memo during class. You must indicate to me a preference for which week to present by the second week of the course, such that I can stagger presentations. The presentation should last about fifteen minutes, and will be followed by a fifteen minute question and answer period. The presentation will make up 50% of your participation grade, or 10% of the total grade.
The memos will be evaluated on both content and presentation. Information must be accurate, arguments must be well thought out, and style must be compelling.
Purchase of the following books is recommended, but not required.
The rest of the class readings are either online or will be made available in the computer room. The latter are designated by italics.
Week 1 (1/19): Politics and Military Force
Samuel Huntington, Soldier and the State. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1957; 7-58.
Week 2 (1/26): Politics and Military Force (II)
Michael Walzer, Just and Unjust Wars 1-50, 127-207, 251-262, 304-328
Week 3 (2/2): Conventional Ground Combat and Force Quality
Stephen Biddle, Military Power: Explaining Victory and Defeat in Modern Battle. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004; 1-107, 132-149.
Kenneth Pollack, Arabs at War: Military Effectiveness, 1948-1991 (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2002), 1-148.
E.D. Swinton, The Defence of Duffer’s Drift in Burgoyne, Defense of Jisr al-Doreaa
Week 4 (2/9): Low Intensity Warfare
Week 5 (2/16): Low Intensity Warfare (II)
Final week to turn in first memo assignment.
David Ucko, The New Counterinsurgency Era, 25-46
Michael L. Burgoyne et al The Defense of Jisr al-Doreaa
Week 6 (2/23): Naval Warfare / Power Projection
Wayne Hughes, Fleet Tactics and Coastal Combat, 2nd edition (Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1999), pp. 1-44, 145-168, 266-309
Week 7 (3/2): Air Power
Robert Pape, Bombing to Win: Air Power and Coercion in War. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1996; 55-136
Week 8 (3/9): Nuclear Theory
Lawrence Freedman, “The First Two Generations of Nuclear Strategists,” in Peter Paret ed. Makers of Modern Strategy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1987; 735-778.
Lynn Eden, Whole World on Fire. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2004; 15-62.
Week 9 (3/23): Chemical and Biological Weapons
Week 10 (3/30): The Military Services
Final week to turn in second memo assignment.
Carl H. Builder, The Masks of War (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press,
Week 11 (4/6): Organizations, Change, and Transformation
David Ucko, the New Counter-Insurgency Era, 1-24, 47-182
Week 12 (4/13): Jointness and Goldwater-Nichols
Week 13 (4/20): Strategic Planning Process
Week 14 (4/27): Defense Budget, Procurement, and the Defense Industry
Final week to turn in third memo assignment.