Riparian Buffers: A Livestock Best Management Practice for Protecting Water Quality
In Kentucky, cattle on pastures are often watered by streams. Although this practice solves water requirements for cattle, providing livestock free access to streams and riparian areas can lead to a contaminated water supply and damaged ecosystems. This publication explains the role of riparian areas and how they can benefit the livestock producer, the herd, and the environment.
Using Soil Cement on Horse and Livestock Farms
Most farmers in Kentucky can identify with a myriad of problems associated with mud in high traffic areas. Concrete and heavy traffic pads are traditional remedies for reducing mud on horse farms, but another option is soil-cement, which is about one-third of the cost of concrete. This publication describes how to install soil cement in high traffic areas to reduce mud.
Enhanced Vegetative Strips for Livestock Facilities
An enhanced vegetative strip is a best management practices that can be installed to protect surface waters from pollution produced by animal production facilities. If properly managed, enhanced vegetative strips can be used to trap, treat, and absorb pollutants, which can be removed from the designated area by harvesting or grazing. This publication details where and how to install an enhanced vegetative strip.
Alternative Water Source: Developing Springs for Livestock
Water supply is a key component in livestock production. One option producers have when providing water is to develop an existing spring, which occurs when groundwater running along an impervious rock layer hits a fracture and discharges on the surface. This publication describes how to develop a spring to provide water for horses or cattle.
Building a Grade Stabilization Structure to Control Erosion
Gully erosion creates large eroded channels that become problematic for many farms. This publication describes one way to remediate gullies, reducing pollution and creating productive pasture land.
Stream Crossings for Cattle
Limiting cattle access to riparian areas can decrease pollutant loads to streams and encourage cattle to graze upland areas more frequently, promoting uniform grazing.
How to Close an Abandoned Well
Abandoned wells are often the only structures remaining after an old house or barn has been removed. If left unmanaged in agricultural areas, these abandoned wells can pose a serious threat to livestock and human safety because of the large surface openings they often have. This publication provides information on the proper way to close an unused well, which helps prevent accidents and protect drinking water.
Sinkhole Management for Agricultural Producers
In a rural landscape, karst features can occur anywhere, but they are a concern in crop fields, pastures, and near production areas. It is important for agricultural producers to understand the risks associated with farming near karst features, which include water pollution and injuries and losses due to sinkhole collapse. This publication is designed to explain to agricultural producers the types of best management practices that should be implemented in a karst landscape to reduce these risks.
Nutrient Management Concepts for Livestock Producers
It is important for livestock producers and anyone using animal manures as fertilizer to understand the concepts of nutrient management. This publication describes what producers may see on their operation and offers basic nutrient management strategies and information about environmental regulations and requirements.