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Bloom’s Taxonomy

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"Blooms rose" by K. Aainsqatsi - Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.

Developed in 1956, and revised in 2001, Bloom’s Taxonomy was created by Benjamin Bloom with collaborators Max Englehart, Edward Furst, Walter Hill, and David Krathwohl as a framework for categorizing educational goals. It appeared in the book Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. There were six major categories in the original taxonomy, in order of increasing cognitive complexity: Knowledge, Comprehension, Application, Analysis, Synthesis, and Evaluation. The system was revised in 2001 by a group of cognitive psychologists, curriculum theorists and instructional researchers, and testing and assessment specialists and published it in A Taxonomy for Teaching, Learning, and Assessment. The changes included changing the nouns into “action words” in order to fully represent the dynamism of the Taxonomy and learning process.

  • Remember

    • Recognizing
    • Recalling
  • Understand

    • Interpreting
    • Exemplifying
    • Classifying
    • Summarizing
    • Inferring
    • Comparing
    • Explaining
  • Apply

    • Executing
    • Implementing
  • Analyze

    • Differentiating
    • Organizing
    • Attributing
  • Evaluate

    • Checking
    • Critiquing
  • Create

    • Generating
    • Planning
    • Producing

Bloom’s taxonomy is often used to set learning goals and to evaluate student learning in a classroom setting.





Interactive table of Bloom’s Taxonomy:


Introduction to Bloom’s Taxonomy: