Multi-Factorial Assessment of Hip Joint Degeneration in Farmers
Farmers are at a higher risk of developing hip osteoarthritis (OA) compared to the general population yet the specific factors associated with the pathomechanism of hip OA in farmers are unknown. This pilot project will implement a novel experimental platform to mechanically stress the neuromuscular system and to provide a quantitative measure of the gait-related abnormalities that predispose farmers to a higher risk of hip joint degeneration and pain. We will also assess hip joint muscle strength and bone physiology, along with psychological measures of the farmers’ abilities to control their hip pain. This pilot project is the first study to
mechanistically assess the multi-factorial (biomechanical-, neuromuscular- and psychosocial-factors) pathomechanism that is associated with the clinical- and structural-based symptoms of hip OA in the farming community. The results of this study will provide our research team with the data needed to develop a multidisciplinary based exercise program for conservative treatment of hip OA in farmers. The efficacy of this exercise-based intervention will be tested in the subsequent R01 and will be submitted to NIOSH.