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General Contexts

Intrapersonal Communication (Persuasion)

Interpersonal Communication

Small Group Communication

Organizational Communication

Intercultural Communication

Mass Communication

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Health Communication

Instructional Communication

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Last updated February 19, 2001


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Cross Cultural Theory

Explanation of Theory:The idea that immigrants and aliens in foreign countries who participated in networks of the host country would be more likely to become accutluraeted than immigrants who were involved only in immigrant communication networks.  Infante et al 1997 

Theorists: Young Kim


Primary Article:Kim, Y.Y. (1977a).  Communication Patterns of foreign immigrants in the process of acculturation.  Human Communication Research, 4, pg. 70.

Individual Interpretations:Those visiting other countries will be more likely to become accustomed to the culture they are submerged in if they choose to participate in the communication networks such as television and newspaper rather than not engaging in the networks of the country they are visiting. 

Metatheoretical Assumptions:

Ontological Assumptions:n/a

Epistemological Assumptions:n/a

Axiological Assumptions:n/a

Critique:Explanatory power:  Kim does a good job in CCA using explanatory power both in explaining the phenomenon of behavior and her idea of acculturation
Predictive power:  CCA is predictive in nature
Parsimony:  Fairly simple in 
Heuristic Provacativeness:  provacative in nature, Kim herself followed up her own study more than once.
Falsifiability:  CCA is easily testable and provable, through reproduction studies
Internal Consistency:  Internal logic is similar to other intercultural theories in nature, very consistant
Organizing Power:  This theory is compatible with previous knowledge of intercultural communication. 

Ideas and Implications:Kim introduces acculturation into her theory which is a product of perception containing four stages: 
1. potential for interacting with members of the host society for consuming its media
2. Competence in the host language 
3. Motivation or eagerness to learn about the participate in host culture
4. Availablility of mass media



Relevant Research:Kemmis, S. & McTaggart, R. (Eds.). (1990). The action research planner. Victoria: Deakin 
Mezirow, Jack (1981). A critical theory of adult learning and education. Adult Education (32) 3-
Schon, Donald A. (1983). The reflective practitioner : How professionals think in action. New 
York: Basic Books.
Related www Link:

Location in Eight (8) Primary Communication Theory Textbooks:

     Anderson, R., & Ross, V. (1998). Questions of communication: A practical introduction to theory (2nd ed.). New York: St. Martin's Press.  n/a

     Cragan, J. F., & Shields, D.C. (1998). Understanding communication theory: The communicative forces for human action. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon. 277-279

     Griffin, E. (2000). A first look at communication theory (4th ed.). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill. n/a

     Griffin, E. (1997). A first look at communication theory (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.n/a

      Infante, D. A., Rancer, A. S., & Womack, D. F. (1997). Building communication theory (3rd ed.). Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press. 418-424

      Littlejohn, S. W. (1999). Theories of human communication (6th ed). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. n/a

      West, R., & Turner, L. H. (2000). Introducing communication theory: Analysis and application. Mountain View, CA: Mayfield. N/A

       Wood, J. T. (1997). Communication theories in action: An introduction. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. N/A