Guide for Constructing Self-Efficacy Scales

Written by Albert Bandura
Stanford University

Guide for Constructing Self-Efficacy Scales - 2006 Version
English Version

The English version of the 2006 Guide is Chapter 14 of the book Self-Efficacy Beliefs of Adolescents.
Publication Date: Fall 2006
Available from [paperback] [hardcover]
from Barnes and Noble [paperback]
and from Information Age Publishing

You may also be interested in "Response Format in Writing Self-Efficacy Assessment: Greater Discrimination Increases Prediction." From Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 2001, Vol. 33, pp. 214-221. [password: self-efficacy]

If you are interested in studies that have validated Bandura's MSPSE (in the guide, this scale is entitled Children's Self-Efficacy Scale), see

Guía para la Construccion de Escalas de Autoeficacia
Version en castellano

La guía está disponible en castellano gracias a los esfuerzos de Fabián Olaz, Prof. Edgardo Perez, y Maria Ines Silva.

 •  Pulse aquí para descargar la Guía en formato .doc para Microsoft Word.
 •  Pulse aquí para descargar la Guía en formato .wpd para WordPerfect for Windows.
 •  Pulse aquí para leer la Guía en formato .pdf para Acrobat Reader.
 •  Pulse aquí para leer la Guía en html (las escalas no son incluidas).

Nota: Edgardo también ha colocado una version de la Guía en la Web. Además, la guía se ha publicado en la publicación Evaluar. Email Prof. Edgargo Perez ( por información.

Parental Self-Efficacy Scale
Albert Bandura

Many researchers have requested Professor Bandura's Parental Self-Efficacy Scale. You may obtain psychometric information on this scale by perusing the articles by Prof. Gian Vittorio Caprara. The scale was used in the following studies, which you may download:

Bandura A., Barbaranelli C., & Caprara, G. V., & Pastorelli, C. (2001). Self-efficacy beliefs as shapers of children's aspirations and career trajectories. Child Development, 72, 187-206.

Caprara G. V., Barbaranelli C., & Borgogni L., Pettita, L., & Rubinacci, A. (2003). Teachers', school staff's and parents' efficacy beliefs as determinants of attitudes toward school. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 18(1), 15-31.

Guide for Constructing Self-Efficacy Scales
Italian version

The Guide has been translated into Italian (Guida alla Construzione della Autoefficacia) and published in Prof. Gian Vittorio Caprara's new volume, La valutazione dell'autoefficacia. You may email Prof. Caprara at for additional information. If you email methis address, I will be glad to send you a hard copy of the guide in Italian.

Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale
Korean version

The Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale has been translated into Korean and is available here in pdf format.

Writing Self-Efficacy Scale
Chinese version

The Writing Self-Efficacy Scale has been translated into Chinese and is available here in pdf format. Many thanks to Mantak Yuen.

Moral Disengagement Scale
Portuguese version

Moral Disengagement Scale in Portuguese - courtesy of Fabio Iglesias
(Escala de mecanismos de desengajamento moral no trânsito)

 •  Click here to download this scale in Portuquese in .doc format for Microsoft Word.
 •  Click here to read this scale in Portuguese online in .pdf format for Acrobat Reader.

Don't have Acrobat Reader?  .

Search for self-efficacy scales on the Web


Search WWW Search this site

If you are a graduate student doing self-efficacy research, we'd love to hear from you and add your name and interest to the self-efficacy page.


  MFP   Copyright © 2005, Albert Bandura, Stanford University. All rights reserved. You may link to this page for noncommercial, educational purposes, but its contents, in whole or in part, must not be copied or distributed electronically.