University of Kentucky

Office of Institutional Equity and Equal Opportunity

Explanation of Terms and Laws Concerning Equal Opportunity

Equal Opportunity is the right of all persons to be recruited, employed, promoted, and enjoy all the benefits of employment on the basis of qualification; and to participate in programs and services without regard to membership in or identification with any group protected by federal, state or local nondiscrimination laws.

Affirmative Action requires additional efforts by an employer, who is a federal contractor to recruit, employ and promote qualified members of protected groups previously excluded, even if the exclusion cannot be traced to particular discriminatory actions on the part of the employer.

Utilization Analysis is a report examining the percentages of women and minorities in the workforce population in specific job groups, as compared to the determined availability of members of both groups having requisite skills in an area in which the contractor can reasonably recruit.

Executive Order 11246 (Amended by Executive Order 11375) requires affirmative action be taken to employ and advance qualified women and minorities and prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin in federally assisted programs. (external link)

The Equal Pay Act of 1963 as amended prohibits sex-based wage discrimination between men and women in the same establishment who are performing substantially equal work. (external link)

Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits exclusion from participation in or the benefits of any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance on the grounds of race, color, or national origin. (external link)

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination in employment based on race, color, religion, sex and national origin. (external link)

The Pregnancy Discrimination Act is an amendment to Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. It prohibits discrimination on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth or related medical conditions. (external link)

The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 as amended prohibits discrimination in employment of persons age 40 or over. (external link)

The Age Discrimination Act of 1975 prohibits discrimination based on age in federally funded programs or activities. (external link)

Title IX of the Education Amendment of 1972 prohibits discrimination from participation in any educational program or activity on the basis of sex. (external link)

Section 503 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 requires federal contractors to take affirmative action to employ and advance in all aspects of employment qualified individuals with disabilities. (external link)

Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 prohibits discrimination based on a disability in programs and activities receiving federal financial assistance. (external link)

Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1998 requires access to electronic and information technology provided by federally funded programs. The law applies to all federally funded programs when they develop, procure, maintain, or use electronic and information technology. It ensures that this technology is accessible to employees and members of the public with disabilities to the extent that it does not pose an "undue burden." (external link)

The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in employment, transportation, public accommodation, communications, and government activities. (external link)

The Vietnam Era Veterans Readjustment Act of 1974 requires federal contractors and subcontractors to take affirmative action to employ and advance in employment qualified veterans of the Vietnam era. (external link)

The Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA) prohibits an employer from denying any benefit of employment on the basis of an individual's membership, application for membership, performance of service, application for service, or obligation for service to any member of the uniformed services. It also protects the right of veterans, reservists, National Guard members, and certain other members of the uniformed services to reclaim their civilian employment after being absent due to military service or training. (external link)


Serving as an instrument to reflect the University of Kentucky's commitment to equal opportunity by providing equitable resolution to complaints and cultivating an environment free of discrimination.