Bourbon County had an estimated population of 19,231 in 1999 with 83 percent on public water. The 2008 population was estimated at 19,828 with 100 percent on public water.
The Water Resource Development Commission has prepared a report on water supply infrastructure in the county.
It is estimated that there are over 200,000 water wells in Kentucky. The Kentucky Groundwater Data Repository, maintained by the Kentucky Geological Survey, has information on over 50,000 of these wells. The locations of wells and springs in the county for which data are available is shown on the map of wells and springs in Bourbon County. A map of certified well drillers in Kentucky has been prepared by the Kentucky Division of Water.