Boyd County had an estimated population of 48,022 in 1999 with public water serving 93 percent. The estimated 2008 population was 48,326 with 98 percent served by a water utility.
The Water Resource Development Commission has prepared a report on water supply infrastructure in the county.
It is estimated that there are over 200,000 water wells in Kentucky. The Kentucky Groundwater Data Repository, maintained by the Kentucky Geological Survey, has information on over 50,000 of these wells. The locations of wells and springs in the county for which data are available is shown on the map of wells and springs in Boyd County. A map of certified well drillers in Kentucky has been prepared by the Kentucky Division of Water.