Discussion from McGrain and Currens (1978)
County is a highly dissected upland area in northeastern Kentucky.
The topography is hilly to mountainous. On the western edge of the county,
the topography is typical of the Outer Bluegrass, but elsewhere it expresses
the characteristics of the Highland Rim. Ridgetop elevations generally
exceed 1,000 feet, and expanses of flat land are few. An exception is
the Tollesboro area, where broad upland flats are developed on resistant
Local reliefs of 300 feet or more are common in many parts of the county,
and slopes are steep. The greatest local relief is 2 miles west of Garrison,
from Round Top (1,220 feet) on the bluff overlooking the Ohio River
down to river level (485 feet), a difference in elevation of 745 feet.
The highest elevation in Lewis County, 1,400 feet, is a knob near the
Lewis-Fleming County line about 2 1/2 miles south of Petersville. Elevations
in excess of 1,300 feet are present along the Lewis-Fleming and Lewis-Rowan
County lines, where they follow a drainage divide between Kinniconick
Creek and Licking River. Eskalapia Mountain, a prominent high area southeast
of Tollesboro, attains an elevation of 1,200 feet.
The elevation of Vanceburg, the county seat, is 525 feet. Other elevations
in the county are Burtonville,
The 7.5-minute topographic quadrangle maps that cover the county are
shown, by name and by index code (Kentucky Natural Resources and Environmental
Protection Cabinet) on the index