Moral Distress Scale-Revised

Hamric, A., Borchers, C., & Epstein, E. (2012). Development and testing of an instrument to measure moral distress in healthcare professionals. American Journal of Bioethics Primary Research, 3(2), 1–9.

Lamiani, G., Setti, I., Barlascini, L., Vegni, E., & Argentero, P. (2017). Measuring Moral Distress Among Critical Care Clinicians: Validation and Psychometric Properties of the Italian Moral Distress Scale-Revised*. Critical Care Medicine, 45(3), 430-437


Please read each item below and indicate the level of disturbance you are experiencing related to that item