White Oak - Quercus alba
Beech Family (Fagaceae)
- Native habitat: Central and eastern North America; Kentucky native.
- Growth habit: White oak has a characteristic huge, wide-spreading crown.
- Tree size: Can attain a height of 50 to 80 feet with a similar width. In the wild, it can reach a height of more than 100 feet.
- Flower and fruit: Female flowers are inconspicuous; male catkins are pendulous. The 1-inch-long acorn has the top one-fourth covered by a scaly cap.
- Leaf: green to blue-green above and pale below, the large leaves are deeply lobed and have a tapered base. Fall color ranges from brown to rich red.
- Hardiness: Winter hardy to USDA Zone 3b.
Although white oak has wide, outspread limbs, its strong wood prevents storm or ice damage. Its well-developed tap root makes white oak somewhat difficult to transplant and for this reason, it is not widely available in the nursery industry. White oak can produce an abundant number of acorns.