Geology of the County

In Elliott County, water is obtained from consolidated sedimentary rocks ranging in age from Mississippian to Pennsylvanian and from unconsolidated sediments of Quaternary age. The Mississippian limestone found in Elliott County was deposited 350 million years ago in the bottom of a warm, shallow sea. At the end of the Mississippian Period, 320 million years ago, the seas receded and sediments of the Pennsylvanian Period were deposited. The warm climate of the Pennsylvanian allowed extensive forests and great coastal swamps to form at the edges of water bodies. Marine waters advanced and receded many times, which produced many layers of sandstone, shale, and coal. Vegetation of all sorts fell into the water and was buried under blankets of sediments, which over long geologic time were compressed into coal. The nonvegetative sediments such as sand, clay, and silt were compressed into sandstone and shale. Over the last million years, unconsolidated Quaternary sediments have been deposited along the larger streams and rivers.

Geologic Formations in the County
Slade Formation (Mn)

Grundy Formation (contains Lee-type sandstone of the former Lee Formation) (Plc)

Interbedded clay shales, siltstones, and sandstones
Conemaugh Formation (Pmc)

Coals, sandstones, and shales
Breathitt Group (Pbu, Pbm, Pbl) (Princess Formation, Four Corners Formation, Hyden Formation, Pikeville Formation)

For more information, see the definitions of geologic terms and rock descriptions, a geologic map of Edmonson County, a summary of the geology of Kentucky, and a discussion of fossils and prehistoric life in Kentucky.

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