|Geology of the County|
In Warren County, water is obtained from consolidated sedimentary rocks of Mississippian through Pennsylvanian age, and from unconsolidated sediments of Quaternary age. Geologists call the oldest rocks found at the surface in Warren County the Warsaw Limestone. The most common rock types in Warren County are Mississippian limestones, which were deposited 350 million years ago in the bottom of a warm, shallow sea. At the end of the Mississippian, 320 million years ago, the seas receded and sediments of the Pennsylvanian were deposited. The warm climate of the Pennsylvanian allowed extensive forests to grow and great coastal swamps to form at the edges of water bodies. Marine waters advanced and receded many times, which produced many layers of sandstone, shale, and coal. Vegetation of all sorts fell into the water and was buried under blankets of sediments, which over long geologic time were compressed into coal. The nonvegetative sediments such as sand, clay, and silt were compressed into sandstone and shale. Over the last million years unconsolidated Quaternary sediments have been deposited along the larger streams and rivers.
Geologic Formations in the County
Interbedded limestones, sandstones, and shales
For more information, see the definitions of geologic terms and rock descriptions, a geologic map of the county, a summary of the geology of Kentucky, and a discussion of fossils and prehistoric life in Kentucky.