The program would be one year in duration and contains didactic instruction woven throughout 12 months of supervised clinical rotations. The structured didactic curriculum contains different methods of instruction including lectures, grand rounds, on-line modules, utilization of the simulation lab, etc. The PA Academic Cardiac Surgery Resident would also be required to provide instruction to current PA Master students. Clinical services will occur in the following areas: Cardiac Surgery, Thoracic Surgery, Vascular Surgery, out patient clinic, cardiac ICU, and Elective. On these services the PA resident will do pre, Intra, post op, rounding, procedures, pre surgery work up and follow up clinical visits.